Bunuel wrote:
W, X, Y, and Z represent distinct digits such that (WX)(YZ) = 1995. What is the value of W?
(1) X is a prime number
(2) Z is not a prime number
Target question: What is the value of W? Given: W, X, Y, and Z represent distinct digits such that (WX)(YZ) = 1995 Let's take a close look at what we can conclude from this info.
Whenever I see a big number like 1995, I consider finding its PRIME FACTORIZATION
1995 = (3)(5)(7)(19)
In what ways can we take this and rewrite 1995 as the product of two 2-digit integers?
We get 4 possible cases;
(WX)(YZ) = 1995
a) (21)(95) = 1995
b) (95)(21) = 1995
c) (35)(57) = 1995
d) (57)(35) = 1995
HOWEVER, since all 4 digits must be DISTINCT, we must eliminate cases c and c, which leaves us with only 2 possible cases.
(WX)(YZ) = 1995
a) (21)(95) = 1995
b) (95)(21) = 1995
Statement 1: X is a prime number Since 1 is not prime, we can rule out case a.
This leaves only case b, which means
W must equal 9Since we can answer the
target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: Z is not a prime number1 is the only NON-PRIME number, so this rules out case a.
This leaves only case b, which means
W must equal 9Since we can answer the
target question with certainty, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT
Answer =
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