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Manager  G
Joined: 02 Jun 2015
Posts: 184
Location: Ghana
What is the value of xy ?  [#permalink]

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3 00:00

Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 55% (01:29) correct 45% (01:20) wrong based on 172 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics What is the value of xy?

(1) y – 1 = x
(2) x^2 + x – 6 = 0

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Current Student B
Joined: 28 Jan 2017
Posts: 31
Location: Chile
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35 GPA: 3.2
Re: What is the value of xy ?  [#permalink]

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Restating:

1) y=x+1
2) (x+3)*(x-2)=0 ==> x=-3 or x = 2

If x=-3 then y= -2 and x*y= +6
If x= 2 then y= 3 and x*y= +6

Same result in both cases
CEO  V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 3853
Re: What is the value of xy ?  [#permalink]

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2
Top Contributor
duahsolo wrote:
What is the value of xy?

(1) y – 1 = x
(2) x² + x – 6 = 0

Target question: What is the value of xy?

Statement 1: y – 1 = x
This statement doesn't FEEL sufficient (namely because we have 1 equation with 2 variables), so I'll TEST some values.
There are several values of x and y that satisfy statement 1. Here are two:
Case a: x = 0 and y = 1. In this case, xy = (0)(1) = 0
Case b: x = 1 and y = 2. In this case, xy = (1)(2) = 2
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Aside: For more on this idea of plugging in values when a statement doesn't feel sufficient, you can read my article: http://www.gmatprepnow.com/articles/dat ... lug-values

Statement 2: x² + x – 6 = 0
Since we have no information about y, there's no way to determine the value of xy
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statements 1 and 2 combined
Statement 1 tells us that: y – 1 = x

Statement 2 tells us that x² + x – 6 =
Factor: (x + 3)(x - 2) = 0
Solve to get: x = -3 or x = 2

It SEEMS like these 2 different values of x will yield 2 different values for xy.
Let's see if that's the case.

If x = -3, then y = -2 (since statement 1 tells us that y - 1 = x). In this case, xy = (-3)(-2) = 6
If x = 2, then y = 3 (since statement 1 tells us that y - 1 = x). In this case, xy = (2)(3) = 6
So, when we COMBINE the statements, we get only ONE answer to the target question: xy = 6
Since we can answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT

Cheers,
Brent
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Manager  G
Joined: 19 Nov 2017
Posts: 184
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V32 GPA: 4
Re: What is the value of xy ?  [#permalink]

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Simple and easy approach.

Statement 1
$$y-1 = x$$
$$y = x+1$$
$$xy = x (x+1)$$
$$xy = x^2 +x$$
INSUFFICIENT

Statement 2
$$x^2 + x - 6 = 0$$
$$x^2 + 3x - 2x - 6 = 0$$
$$x(x + 3) - 2(x + 3)$$
$$(x + 3)(x - 2) = 0$$
$$x = -3 or x = 2$$
INSUFFICIENT

BOTH Statement 1 and 2

We know,
$$x^2 + x - 6 = 0$$
and
$$xy = x^2 + x$$
Therefore,
$$xy - 6 = 0$$
$$xy = 6$$
SUFFICIENT
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Regards,

Vaibhav

Sky is the limit. 800 is the limit.

~GMAC Re: What is the value of xy ?   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2018, 10:57
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