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# When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which

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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 21:40
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Question Stats:

67% (00:57) correct 33% (01:16) wrong based on 2014 sessions

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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

(A) the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

(B) the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

(C) the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

(D) nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

(E) nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do

NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019

(SC01523)

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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 19:49
30
20
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a sentence with a modifier that you might find on the GMAT exam – and it’s an easy one to answer quickly if you know what to look for! Let’s take a closer look to come up with the right answer.

Whenever you see a sentence that starts with a modifier phrase, whatever that phrase is referring to must come directly after the comma:

After melting in the sun, the Popsicle turned into a bright green puddle. → GOOD

After melting in the sun, the green puddle from the Popsicle was bright green. → BAD

Here is a simple test to find the right answer: If you ask yourself the question, “What melted in the sun?” you would answer “the Popsicle.” The Popsicle melted in the sun, not the puddle, so Popsicle needs to come first!

For our sentence, we must ask ourselves, “What is viewed from the window of a speeding train?” The answer is “nearby objects,” which tells us that must be the first thing that follows the comma! Let’s see how each of the answers holds up:

A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of → WRONG

B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for → WRONG

C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than → WRONG

D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of → WRONG

E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do → CORRECT!

See? If you know how to quickly check that your modifiers and subjects are next to each other, these kinds of questions are easy to answer in a breeze!

Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 22:16
Bunuel wrote:
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do

NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019

(SC01523)

I think the answer is E.

"When viewed from the window of a speeding train,"

should modify "nearby objects"

Thanks,
GyM
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2018, 09:11
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Bunuel wrote:
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do

NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019

(SC01523)

I would go for option E and below is my thought process:

When viewed from the window of a speeding train---This expression is followed by a comma so it should
modify the word that comes just after it.

Option A,B,C --The expression seems to modify which is incorrect.What do we view outside the window of a train..we view the objects eg..tress,field ranches,birds,poles
moving at a faster pace..we do not view the pace itself.

Option D: Uses possessive noun Mary's cat..implies we are talking about CAT only (belongs to Marry)
So here also expression nearby "objects' speeds" refers to speeds which is incorrect.

We are left with only option E and that's the correct choice.

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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2018, 23:53
i think C is right, because it is concise and it conveys the meaning that speed is faster of near objects than distant object..!! Option E i think the word "DO" in the end makes it ambiguous , it is like the near by objects speed is more than speed. but lets wait for the official answers.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2018, 23:39
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do

The modifier "When viewed from the window of a speeding train" should be followed by the modified entity - objects (near by object).

eliminate A, B & C.

D is wrong because of possessive nearby objects'.

E is the best of all.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 02:49
Can anyone explain why A is incorrect?
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 18:08
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.
A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of
B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for
C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than
D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of
E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, Can you view a speed, the answer is no, so eliminate A,B,C,D, and you're left with E
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2018, 19:49
I have a question about the understanding the structure of the sentence.

"When viewed from the window of a speeding train, nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do more distant objects. "

why isn't it written as "
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than more distant objects."

if it is subjective compares with sub ( nearby objects Vs more distant objects ), why is there a " do " in front of subjective ? whether could it be omitted?

thanks.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2018, 07:04
1
grace177 wrote:
I have a question about the understanding the structure of the sentence.

"When viewed from the window of a speeding train, nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do more distant objects. "

why isn't it written as "
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than more distant objects."

if it is subjective compares with sub ( nearby objects Vs more distant objects ), why is there a " do " in front of subjective ? whether could it be omitted?

thanks.

The comparison here involves action..
The complete sentence would read as
"When viewed from the window of a speeding train, nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do more distant objects(seem to move). "

We are comparing the pace of movement of the two objects.

With just the action word((do)) ,it says the necessary comparison without repeating the entire sentence again.

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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2018, 06:53
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The first issue is that this is not a comparison question alone, but also a modification question. What is viewed are the nearby objects and not their speed. Hence, A through D is out at first glance itself.

Coming to comparison in E, what are being compared are not the nearby objects with distant objects but rather the action of their seeming movements. When you compare one arm with a word of action, then the other arm has to be matched with another parallel word of action. Hence, 'do' is required
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2018, 06:59
A. the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

B. the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

C. the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

D. nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

E. nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do
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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2018, 01:11
This is made very simple by thinking about it logically.

You can't view speed, you view the objects.

Eliminate any answers that state that you view "the speed"

Eliminate options A, B, C and D

Option E: "when viewed from the window..., nearby objects seem to...than do...more distant". This comparison is logically and grammatically parallel.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2019, 09:44
When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

(A) the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of

(B) the speed that nearby objects move seems faster than for

(C) the speed of nearby objects seems faster than

(D) nearby objects' speeds seem to be faster than those of

(E) nearby objects seem to move at a faster speed than do

HOW STUPID IS IT THAT I GOT IT WRONG

WELL MAY BE IN FUTURE, WE'LL BE ABLE TO SEE IT, BUT AT PRESENT WE CANNOT. THAT IS WHY A IS WRONG AND E IS RIGHT
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2019, 01:53
I still can't understand why "do" is in front of the "more distant objects " in the option (E)？
I think it should be “than more distant object do”...

would anyone be so kind to help me? thank u very much!!
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2019, 00:41
10210219 wrote:
I still can't understand why "do" is in front of the "more distant objects " in the option (E)？
I think it should be “than more distant object do”...

would anyone be so kind to help me? thank u very much!!
In some cases, it's possible to put a verb before its subject. This doesn't always mean that we have to switch them. It just means that there is nothing wrong with it. If you're wondering why the GMAT would do this, well, the people who make the questions probably want to see whether we'll remove such options (and therefore get the question wrong).

Another example:
He joined the company, and so did his sister.

We'll need to "whitelist" this sort of usage.
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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03 May 2019, 09:37
AjiteshArun wrote:
10210219 wrote:
I still can't understand why "do" is in front of the "more distant objects " in the option (E)？
I think it should be “than more distant object do”...

would anyone be so kind to help me? thank u very much!!
In some cases, it's possible to put a verb before its subject. This doesn't always mean that we have to switch them. It just means that there is nothing wrong with it. If you're wondering why the GMAT would do this, well, the people who make the questions probably want to see whether we'll remove such options (and therefore get the question wrong).

Another example:
He joined the company, and so did his sister.

We'll need to "whitelist" this sort of usage.

thanks for the explanation.

"He joined the company, and so did his sister."

After rewriting the above example ....

He joined the company, and his sister did(joined) so.

Is the above sentence correct or else please explain that one
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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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03 May 2019, 19:08
mahi816 wrote:
thanks for the explanation.

"He joined the company, and so did his sister."

After rewriting the above example ....

He joined the company, and his sister did(joined) so.

Is the above sentence correct or else please explain that one
When so is used in the ~addition sense (to "add on" to something), we should invert the normal order (the normal order is subject first).

1. He joined the company, and so did his sister. ← This one gives us that ~addition meaning.

2. He joined the company, and his sister did so. ← This one does not give us the ~addition meaning (the kind of meaning we'd get from "ABC, and also XYZ").

3. He joined the company, and his sister did so too. ← Here the too helps to give us the additional emphasis that the so provided in (1).
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Re: When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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08 May 2019, 07:05
I have solved the question without any problem focusing on the modification issue.
I just had one doubt.

In the official explanation it is written that along with the modification error, there is also the error of parallelism in comparison in option A.
Can you help with that?

daagh

Thank you in advance
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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which  [#permalink]

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08 May 2019, 07:54
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@Connors

When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than that of more distant objects.

Error 1. As you have said, - the modification error.

2. The idiom error. The speed at which is better than the speed with which

3. Comparison error: When expanded this means that 'the speed with which nearby objects move seems faster than the speed of more distant objects.

What is logically being compared is the speed at which the nearby objects move in the first arm with the speed at which the distance objects move in the second. The action 'move' is central to the comparison and since it is an action verb, it should reflect in both the arms for parallel comparison.
Since the action verb move is absent in the second arm, the comparison turns out to be between the action of move in the first arm and just only the speed of more distant objects in the other, which we must deem it as an improper comparison.
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When viewed from the window of a speeding train, the speed with which   [#permalink] 08 May 2019, 07:54

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