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Which one of the following is an assumption ?

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Which one of the following is an assumption ? [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 17:58
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Alan Government subsidies have been proposed in Cariana to encourage [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 18:03
Alan Government subsidies have been proposed in Cariana to encourage farmers in Rochelle, the country’s principal agricultural region, to implement certain new farming techniques. Unless these techniques are implemented, erosion of productive topsoil cannot be controlled. Unfortunately, farmers cannot afford to shoulder the entire cost of the new techniques, which are more expensive than those currently used. Therefore, without subsidies, agricultural output in Rochelle will inevitably decline.

Betty: But erosion in Rochelle is caused by recurring floods, which will end next year once Cariana completes the hydroelectric dam it is building across the region’s major river. Therefore, Rochelle’s total agricultural output will stabilize at its present level even without subsidies.

Betty uses which one of the following argumentative techniques in countering Alan’s argument?


A. showing that one premise in Alan’s argument is inconsistent with another premise in his argument
B. making additional claims that, if correct, undermine a premise in Alan’s argument
C. demonstrating that Alan’s conclusion is true but not for the reasons Alan gives to support it
D. presenting evidence indicating that the policy Alan argues in favor of would have damaging consequences that outweigh its positive consequences
E. pointing out that Alan’s argument mistakenly identifies something as the cause of a trend when it is really an effect of that trend

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Alan Government subsidies have been proposed in Cariana to encourage [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 18:03
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Astronomers have long thought that the irregularity in the orbit [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 18:22
Astronomers have long thought that the irregularity in the orbit of the planet Neptune was adequately explained by the gravitational pull exerted on Neptune by the planet Pluto. The most recent observations of Pluto, however, indicate that this planet is much too small to exert the amount of gravitational pull on Neptune that astronomers once thought it did.

If the statements above are true, they provide the most support for which one of the following?

A. Neptune is somewhat larger than scientists once believed it to be
B. The orbit of Neptune is considerably more irregular than scientists once thought it was
C. There exists another, as yet undiscovered planet with an orbit beyond that of Pluto
D. The gravitational pull of Pluto is not the sole cause of Neptune’s irregular orbit.
E. Further observations of Pluto will eventually show it to be even smaller than it is now thought to be.
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Astronomers have long thought that the irregularity in the orbit [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 18:22
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-242351.html

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If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.
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Modification Question [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 18:59
Spanning three generations, the corporate chieftain commenced his career with an obscure internship as a systems processor and culminated in the most prestigious award that the industry associations could bestow.

A. corporate chieftain commenced his career with an obscure internship as
B. corporate chieftain's career commenced with an obscure internship as
C. corporate chieftain had commenced his career with the obscure internship of being
D. corporate chieftain commenced his career with the obscure internship of being
E. career of the corporate chieftain has commenced with an obscure internship of
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Modification Question [#permalink]

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most strongly supports the activist’s claim of victory? [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 20:29
Anti-nuclear activist: The closing of the nuclear power plant is a victory for the anti-nuclear cause. It also represents a belated acknowledgment by the power industry that they cannot operate such plants safely.

Nuclear power plant manager: It represents no such thing. The availability of cheap power from nonnuclear sources, together with the cost of mandated safety inspections and safety repairs, made continued operation uneconomic. Thus it was not safety considerations but economic considerations that dictated the plant’s closing.

Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the activist’s claim of victory?


A. The plant had reached the age at which its operating license expired.
B. The mandate for inspections and repairs mentioned by the manager was recently enacted as a result of pressure from anti-nuclear groups.
C. The plant would not have closed if cheap power from nonnuclear sources had not been available.
D. Per unit of electricity produced, the plant had the highest operating costs of any nuclear power plant.
E. The plant that closed had been able to provide backup power to an electrical network when parts of the network became overloaded.
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most strongly supports the activist’s claim of victory? [#permalink]

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Usage Question [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 21:10
To Henry David Thoreau, harmony with nature was his ideal a century and a half before being an environmentalist became popular, and he retained his fascination with and respect for nature as essential elements of his lifestyle until his death.

A.To Henry David Thoreau, harmony with nature was his ideal a century and a half before being an environmentalist became popular
B. For Henry David Thoreau, a century and a half before being an environmentalist became popular, harmony with nature was his ideal
C. Henry David Thoreau idealized harmony with nature a century and a half before to be an environmentalist became popular
D. A century and a half before being an environmentalist became popular, Henry David Thoreau idealized harmony with nature
E. A century and a half before it became popular being an environmentalist, harmony with nature was ideal to Henry David Thoreau
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Usage Question [#permalink]

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The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the Argument [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 21:21
Since Professor Smythe has been head of the department, the most distinguished member of the faculty has resigned, fewer new courses have been developed, student enrollment has dropped, and the reputation of the department has gone down. These facts provide conclusive evidence that Professor Smythe was appointed to undermine the department.

The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the Argument

A. overlooks the fact that something can have the reputation for being of poor quality without being of poor quality
B. bases a general claim on a few exceptional instances
C. assumes that because an action was followed by a change, the action was undertaken to bring about that change
D. fails to distinguish between a decline in quantity and a decline in qualitY
E. presupposes what it purports to establish
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The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the Argument [#permalink]

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Like Vs. As Question [#permalink]

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Like Vs. As Question [#permalink]

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Verbs Question [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 22:12
When the first nuclear device was detonated in the desert of New Mexico, a new military era can be said to have begun, as both the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence take their places in the world arsenal.

A. as both the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence take their places in the world arsenal
B. as both the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence took their places in the world arsenal
C. as the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence both take their place in the world arsenal
D. as a result of the fact that both the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence took their respective places in the world arsenal
E. as a consequence of the fact that both the physical power of the atom and the psychological power of deterrence take their places in the world arsenal
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Verbs Question [#permalink]

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Parallelism Question [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 22:23
The rise in the demand for wild animal meat has resulted in increased hunting of certain species, to lead to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey, and prompts fears among biologists that other species will soon be eliminated.

A. to lead to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey, and prompts
B. to lead to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey and prompting
C. to lead to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey and to prompt
D. leading to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey and is prompting
E. leading to the extinction of the Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey and prompting
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Parallelism Question [#permalink]

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California Psychological Inventory (Parallelism Question) [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 22:57
Though the California Psychological Inventory assessment test is considered fairly reliable, any standardized effort to determine mental health will occasionally overlook or misdiagnose a disorder that exists and indicate that there is the presence of one that does not.

A. a disorder that exists and indicate that there is the presence of one that does not
B. that a disorder exists and indicate that there is the presence of one that does not
C. a disorder that exists and indicate the presence of one that does not
D. that a disorder exists and indicate its presence when it does not
E. the presence of a disorder and indicate its presence when it is not there
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California Psychological Inventory (Parallelism Question)   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2017, 22:57

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