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While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are

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While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 11:00
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (00:50) correct 43% (00:53) wrong based on 447 sessions

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While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are potentially devastating for individual investors, whose nest eggs—in many cases representing the sole source of retirement funds—can plummet or even vanish entirely.

(A) they are potentially devastating for individual investors, whose

(B) they can potentially devastate individual investors in that their

(C) for individual investors they are potentially devastating, because their

(D) for individual investors, it is potentially devastating in that their

(E) it can potentially devastate individual investors, whose
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Re: While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 05:20
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this one tests you on pronouns --

Option B - Incorrect

"they can potentially devastate individual investors in that their" -- the first "they" refers to "bear markets".
the second pronoun "their" should logically refer to "institutional investors". Incorrect.

Option C - Incorrect

"for individual investors they are potentially devastating, because their" -- the same form of the pronoun should logically refer to two different things "bear markets" and "individual investors".

Option D - Incorrect

the pronoun "it" does not have a logical antecedent.

Option E - Incorrect

Same thing -- the pronoun "it" does not have a logical antecedent.
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Re: While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 17:57
aurobindomahanty wrote:
While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are potentially devastating for individual investors, whose nest eggs - in many cases representing the sole source of retirement funds - can plummet or even vanish entirely.

A. they are potentially devastating for individual investors, whose
B. they can potentially devastate individual investors in that their
C. for individual investors they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for individual investors, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate individual investors, whose


I got the answer right by different approach.

A. they are potentially devastating for individual investors, whose
B. they can potentially devastate individual investors in that their - Meaning Issue. Original sentence bear markets are devasting individula investors it doesn't talks about capability. While option B talks about capability.
C. for individual investors they are potentially devastating, because their Meaning Issue - In Original sentence whose describes institutional investors and we dont know whether nest eggs bla bla is reason for this.

In D and E pronoun-antecedent error. It cannot refer to plural Bear Markets.
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Re: While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2018, 04:47
The most actionable decision point on this problem is the end-of-choice difference between "whose" in (A) and (E) and "their" in (B), (C), and (D). Note that each of those choices is a commonly tested concept: "whose" sets up a relative modifier and "their" is a pronoun.

"Whose" in (A) and (E) directly modifies "investors" and provides a logical meaning to the sentence. Investors have nest eggs and retirement funds, so this modifier is appropriate. It also shows why relative modifiers can be so important: in (B), (C), and (D), "their" adds ambiguity at best and an illogical meaning at worst. Does "their" apply to "investors" or to "bear markets"? Note that in (B) a plural pronoun "they" has already been set to apply to "bear markets" while in (C) and (D) at best it's unclear which plural noun "their" applies to. So the answer must be (A) or (E), each of which provides a clear, logical meaning: it's the investors whose nest eggs may be affected.

Between (A) and (E) lies another pronoun issue: (E) uses the singular "it" to refer to the plural "bear markets," creating a pronoun agreement error. (A) commits neither error - it uses appropriate pronouns along with the crystal clear "whose" to modify "investors." Accordingly, (A) is correct.
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Re: While bear markets certainly hurt institutional investors, they are &nbs [#permalink] 02 Sep 2018, 04:47
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