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# While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were

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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
AnirudhaS Could you help me in Q6. (A) and (C)
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
I would be grateful if anyone give a detailed explanation of the 2nd question?
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
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Lamiya1029 wrote:
I would be grateful if anyone give a detailed explanation of the 2nd question?

Explanation

2. Which one of the following most completely and accurately describes the author’s attitude toward Vernon’s study?

Difficulty Level: Hard

Explanation

To say one is “intrigued” (line 22) means that one is interested, willing to listen. “Receptive” is therefore a perfect description here of the author’s attitude toward Vernon’s theories. Calling Vernon’s discovery “compelling” (line 12) also matches up well with (B)’s “admiring of its accomplishments.” (B) best describes the author’s attitude here.

(A) Half right, half wrong: “Respectful” is fine, but “skeptical” is unwarranted. Nowhere in the passage does the author state or imply that he questions the validity of Vernon’s theories.

(C) The author does seem to applaud Vernon’s effort, but again, the words “compelling” and “intriguing” have to rule out “neutral” as the attitude toward her findings.

(D) Same as (A)—“skeptical” is uncalled for here.

(E) Motives are never discussed, but “overtly dismissive” is really the main culprit in this one. There’s not one negative word about Vernon’s theories in the whole piece.

Explanation Credit: Kaplan LSAT
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
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AnirudhaS wrote:
kamalTheFriend wrote:
Can someone please explain question 2 and 4?

Certainly my friend.
2. Which one of the following most completely and accurately describes the author’s attitude toward Vernon’s study?
(B) admiring of its accomplishments and generally receptive to its theories
(C) appreciative of the effort it required and neutral toward its theories

Let us zoom into the two possible answers.
Author agrees to Vernon, so the second part of B - generally receptive to its theories - is right. The first part - admiring - is a bit tricky. The usage of the word "intrigue" does exaclty that in the second paragraph.
"She proposes two intriguing answers, depending on whether the time is before of after the end of slavery. "

4. Which one of the following most completely and accurately describes the organization of the passage?
(A) A historical phenomenon is presented, several competing theories about the phenomenon are described, and one theory having the most support is settled upon.
(B) A historical discovery is presented, the method leading to the discovery is provided, and two questions left unanswered by the discovery are identified.
(C) A historical fact is presented, a question raised by the fact is described, and two answers to the question are given.
(D) A historical question is raised, possible answers to the question are speculated upon, and two reasons for difficulty in answering the question are given.
(E) A historical question is raised, a study is described that answers the question, and a number of issues surrounding the study are discussed.

Let us quickly write the paragraph summaries
I: rice + rice methods --> USA
II: why rice?
III: After slavery ended --> difficult to explain
IV: Answer to why After? land = self's extension + political motive

Here the second paragraph poses the question, not the first. The first paragraph just presents a fact. So we can easily eliminate options (D) and (E) because they start with "a question is raised". After that it is fairly straight-forward to get to (C) as it simple follows. Fatal flaws in (A) & (B) is everything is not correct after the first part - a fact is presented.

Hope this helps.

First, regarding the idea that the author 'admired' Vernon...are we supposed to derive that conclusion based merely on a few words like 'intrigued' and 'compelled'? Is this normal for the LSAT? The overall tone of the passage suggests neutrality...the author was being purely descriptive about the works of Vernon. I don't know that 'admired' is necessarily the same as intrigued/compelled...they are in the same neighbourhood but do not mean the same thing.

My bigger issue is with 4. The very first sentence of the passage says 'myth'. A myth IS NOT a fact. So I did not like the use of 'fact' in the answer.

Thoughts?
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
hey !
can you please provide OE for question no.3 ?
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
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Anshuman0902 wrote:
hey !
can you please provide OE for question no.3 ?

Explanation

3. As described in the last paragraph of the passage, rice cultivation after slavery is most analogous to which one of the following?

Difficulty Level: 650

Explanation

This Application question narrows our focus to the final Paragraph and the post-slavery explanation. Refresh your memory if you need to: Although not economically practical, these African Americans engaged in growing rice for cultural and political reasons. We’re therefore looking for another situation in which people engage in an activity as an “end in itself” with more than just economic considerations in mind. The situation in (D) relates perfectly to the African Americans’ motivation cited in lines 47-50; they viewed the land as “an extension of self and home” and desired to “make it their own.” The neighborhood folks tend to the vacant lot out of a similar sense of ownership, and their protest of the city’s neglect of the lot corresponds nicely to the political explanation given in lines 50-55.

(A) The activity here does not fall into the category of “an end in itself”: Beautifying is a goal that extends beyond the mere act of planting, and creating borders qualifies as a practical consideration.

(B) The activity here certainly involves a practical economic motivation unlike any underlying the rice cultivation of the African Americans in question.

(C) “A sense of civic duty” runs counter to the symbolic political protest of the post-slavery African American rice growers. Also, this activity is intended to “forestall” a city action, whereas the African Americans’ activity was in protest of the lack of a promised government action. Not analogous.

(E) More practical considerations abound in (E). The African Americans and the neighbors in correct choice (D) transformed space for no practical economic reason but rather out of a sense of ownership and protest. This group in (E) is transforming space with a specific practical goal in mind.

Note: This is not OE rather it belongs to Kaplan LSAT.
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]

Thanks!
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
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mSKR wrote:

Thanks!

It’s not impossible, but probably difficult to precisely rephrase the correct answer for this Global "organization of the passage" question, but we should at least review in our minds the major elements of the passage before hitting the choices. There's a discovery, a major question posed, and two possible theories to answer the question. Lets take that with us into the choices.
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
Lamiya1029 wrote:
I would be grateful if anyone give a detailed explanation of the 2nd question?

Explanation

2. Which one of the following most completely and accurately describes the author’s attitude toward Vernon’s study?

Difficulty Level: Hard

Explanation

To say one is “intrigued” (line 22) means that one is interested, willing to listen. “Receptive” is therefore a perfect description here of the author’s attitude toward Vernon’s theories. Calling Vernon’s discovery “compelling” (line 12) also matches up well with (B)’s “admiring of its accomplishments.” (B) best describes the author’s attitude here.

(A) Half right, half wrong: “Respectful” is fine, but “skeptical” is unwarranted. Nowhere in the passage does the author state or imply that he questions the validity of Vernon’s theories.

(C) The author does seem to applaud Vernon’s effort, but again, the words “compelling” and “intriguing” have to rule out “neutral” as the attitude toward her findings.

(D) Same as (A)—“skeptical” is uncalled for here.

(E) Motives are never discussed, but “overtly dismissive” is really the main culprit in this one. There’s not one negative word about Vernon’s theories in the whole piece.

Explanation Credit: Kaplan LSAT

­ "In addition to this cultural explanation, Vernon
speculates that rice cultivation might also have been a
political act, "

Why are you ignoring this line for speculation and going for acceptance?
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Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
KarishmaB, MartyMurray OE for Q6 (option A vs C)?­  And why is it "puzzling"?
Re: While historians once propagated the myth that Africans who were [#permalink]
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