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Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a

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Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 08:00
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Question Stats:

52% (01:25) correct 48% (01:29) wrong based on 262 sessions

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Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages was illegal, suffered for two main reasons: the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking with them the knowledge of how to create wine.

A) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking
B) because the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifice quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and because many winemakers emigrated and they took
C) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifices quality but are better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking
D) the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which are of a low quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking
E) because the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes—quality had been sacrificed but the grapes were better suited for long distance transport—and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages was illegal, suffered for two main reasons: the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking with them the knowledge of how to create wine.

A) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking --- The adverbial modifier modifies the action that the winemakers ‘were forced’. But the second part ‘but were better suited’ discordantly modifies thick skinned grape; Use of apposite modifiers or relative pronouns is a must here.

B) because the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifice quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and because many winemakers emigrated and they took --- because is redundant here, since the cause has already been mentioned in the use of the preposition ‘for’;


C) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifices quality but are better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking --‘ grapes which sacrifices’ is grammatically wrong.

D) the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which are of a low quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking—the best of the lot.


E) because the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes—quality had been sacrificed but the grapes were better suited for long distance transport—and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking -- cause and effect is redundant.

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Last edited by daagh on 18 Nov 2015, 00:27, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2015, 02:18
suited for idiom is better than suited to .
so option A and C are out.
only B, D and E left.
sentence first itself metions reasons, follow by because is redundant.
so option B and E are out.
Option D is correct.
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Re: Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2015, 18:43
Harley1980 wrote:
Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages was illegal, suffered for two main reasons: the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking with them the knowledge of how to create wine.


Great question, tests modifiers and parallelism, and why not even meaning.

Let's understand the meaning first:
Winemaking suffered for 2 main reasons:
a) few winemakers were forced to use thick-skinned grapes
b) many winemakers emigrated - they took with them knowledge of how to create wine.

The thick-skinned grapes were of a lower quality, but were better suited for long distance transport.


the rest are long modifiers that might confuse someone who believes that ing modifier might be appropriate in this case.

Error analysis:
ING modifier is not correct. Comma+ing modifier is used correctly to modify the preceding clause in 2 cases:
1. presents the result of the preceding clause
2. or gives more details

Nevertheless, when used, the modifier should associate with the subject and the verb of the preceding clause. Since we have "suited to long distance transport", we can clearly notice that saying that winemakers (subject of the preceding clause) are better suited to long distance transport is illogical.


A) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking
incorrect as mentioned above.

B) because the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifice quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and because many winemakers emigrated and they took
Because - not desirable after semi-colon. When we use because - we need to present the result as well.
But is used as a coordinating conjunction, yet it is not properly connected.
And - same mistake as with but => coordinating conjunction not properly connected.

C) the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which sacrifices quality but are better suited to long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking
first of all, relative pronoun refers to the grapes - thus the verb sacrifices should be sacrifice, since the subject is in plural form.
thereby taking - i'm not 100% sure, but this is almost the same as using present perfect, which is definitely not correct when discussing about events which took place in the past.

D) the few winemakers operating were forced to use thick-skinned grapes, which are of a low quality but are better suited for long distance transport, and many winemakers emigrated, taking
the modifier error is corrected.

E) because the few winemakers in operation were forced to use thick-skinned grapes—quality had been sacrificed but the grapes were better suited for long distance transport—and many winemakers emigrated, thereby taking
Because - as in B. Not clear why past perfect is used. But - coordinating conjunction not properly connected to the IC.
thereby taking - incorrect.


D for me.
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Re: Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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Re: Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 00:41
this "sacrificing quality but better suited to long distance transport" is tricky.
Why? It is because " better suited to long distance transport" must modify grapes, => Thus, A is illogical.
On the other hand, "sacrificing quality" modifies winemakers. -> C is wrong.
B and E are out b/c of "because"
Re: Winemaking during the Prohibition era, a period when the consumption a   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2018, 00:41
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