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With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods

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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2018, 08:18
If you do not only take sentence structure into account, they are all wrong. The fact is though that only C has the correct sentence structure. In all the other answers the "with no natural predators" could refer to "the wildlife officials" or in the case of D "New Jersey".

A. Officials could be prey.
B. Officials could be prey.
C. Right sentence structure and coherence.
D. Jersey could be prey.
E. Officials could be prey.

Why is C wrong? It changes the meaning. No hunting allowed does not imply that there is no hunting. One can suggest the other, but that is making your own assumptions, which you should always avoid on GMAT.

The question should be tossed.
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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 22:21
With no natural predators and expanses of green suburban neighborhoods that allow no hunting, wildlife officials estimate the New Jersey deer population to have grown to exceed 175,000.

Ask yourself this question, who or what has no natural predators
Wildlife officials? Wildlife official's estimate? or the deer population.

(C) is the correct answer, focus on the correct subject the modifier is describing
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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2019, 10:19
For C it seems like " and with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods where there is no hunting" is referring to the Deer Population. Is there a specific rule for this because all of the answers seem wrong here to me as I don't see how that makes sense.
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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2019, 12:27
dreamgmat1 wrote:
Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

With no natural predators and expanses of green suburban neighborhoods that allow no hunting, wildlife officials estimate the New Jersey deer population to have grown to exceed 175,000.

(A) With no natural predators and expanses of green suburban neighborhoods that allow no hunting, wildlife officials estimate the New Jersey deer population to have

(B) With no natural predators and with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods that do not allow hunting, wildlife officials' estimate of deer population in New Jersey has

(C) With no natural predators and with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods where there is no hunting, the deer population in New Jersey, wildlife officials estimate, has

(D) Without natural predators and no hunting allowed in expanses of green suburban neighborhoods, New Jersey has a deer population that wildlife officials estimate to have

(E) Without natural predators and with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods where there is no hunting, wildlife officials in New Jersey estimate a deer population that has

Marger wrote:
For C it seems like " and with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods where there is no hunting" is referring to the Deer Population. Is there a specific rule for this because all of the answers seem wrong here to me as I don't see how that makes sense.

Marger , I do not understand exactly what you are asking.

You write that with expanses of green suburban neighborhoods where there is no hunting "seems" as if it is referring to the deer population.
That phrase indeed refers to the deer population.

What do you mean by "this" in "Is there a specific rule for this?" This what?
I wrote a post about introductory phrases that begin with prepositions here.
In that instance the preposition was in. In this instance the preposition is with.
That post contains guidelines. Introductory prepositional phrases differ from five other kinds of introductory phrases.
Stricter rules govern the latter.

And what part, logically, does not "make sense"?

In this statement, both prepositional phrases (with + phrase) modify the subject of the sentence.

Both of the with phrases give us information that helps to unravel the meaning of the sentence.

• Meaning: The deer population in New Jersey does not contend with forces such as natural predators or hunters in hunting areas that might curb the deer population's growth, and officials estimate that the population has grown to exceed 175,000.

• WITH + phrase is a prepositional modifier

The target noun deer population in New Jersey is preceded by its prepositional descriptors (the "with" statements).

What is true of the deer population in New Jersey?
-- The deer population in New Jersey has no natural predators that would curb deer population growth.
-- The deer population in New Jersey has expanses of suburban neighborhoods in which to roam. Hunting is not allowed
in those neighborhoods, hunting that also would curb deer population growth.
-- Without curbs, the deer population has grown. Officials estimate . . .

• WITH?

Oxford Online U.S. Dictionary, here, defines with as possessing (something) as a feature or accompaniment.

Cambridge Online Dictionary, here, defines with as having or possessing (someone or something).

In this official question, here, just as is the case in this question, an introductory phrase headed by the preposition with modifies a sensible noun.

The deer population in New Jersey has no curbs on its growth; the population has no natural predators and has roaming areas in which hunting is not allowed.

-- Awkward rewrite: Wildlife officials estimate that the deer population in New Jersey, with no natural predators [that might curb population growth] and with habitats in which to roam where no hunting is allowed [hunting that might curb population growth], has grown to exceed 175,000.
-- The with-clauses are up front to avoid splitting two different subjects: wildlife officials (estimate that . . . ) and the deer population (which has grown . . .).

Sometimes "with" modification is easier to understand if the with phrase follows the subject.

Example from Oxford dictionary cited above:
After all, people with money and status employ other people to clean up after them.
After all, people who have money and status employ other people to clean up after them.

In the official question cited above, the first part of the sentence, not underlined, is:
With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Cleveland is but one of a large number of communities . . .
Cleveland has a plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land . . . .

• No other subject makes sense
Whose population is growing?
What noun has no natural predators in New Jersey?

Wildlife officials, as in options A, B, and E?
No.

New Jersey, as in option D?
No.

The deer population in New Jersey has no natural predators (and has areas in which to roam where hunting is not allowed).
The deer population has grown because it has no or few curbs on its growth.

Hope that explanation helps.
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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2019, 04:43
generis wrote:

And what part, logically, does not "make sense"?

In this statement, both prepositional phrases (with + phrase) modify the subject of the sentence.

Both of the with phrases give us information that helps to unravel the meaning of the sentence.

• Meaning: The deer population in New Jersey does not contend with forces such as natural predators or hunters in hunting areas that might curb the deer population's growth, and officials estimate that the population has grown to exceed 175,000.

• WITH + phrase is a prepositional modifier

The target noun deer population in New Jersey is preceded by its prepositional descriptors (the "with" statements).

What is true of the deer population in New Jersey?
-- The deer population in New Jersey has no natural predators that would curb deer population growth.
-- The deer population in New Jersey has expanses of suburban neighborhoods in which to roam. Hunting is not allowed
in those neighborhoods, hunting that also would curb deer population growth.
-- Without curbs, the deer population has grown. Officials estimate . . .



Thanks for taking the time to respond to my post. I shortened your quote to clarify which part I am referring to.

My question surrounds the "expanses of suburban neighborhoods". If we add in "in which to roam" then I agree it makes perfect sense but without that I don't see how we can infer that is the authors intention. "With expanses of suburban neighborhoods" seems to me that it is referring to a location that has expanses of suburban neighborhoods, a deer population cannot have suburban neighborhoods. I expect this phrase to need to refer to a location such as New Jersey. To me for it to be clear that the intention is for the sentence to mean "suburban neighborhoods in which to roam" the "in which to roam" part must be included, otherwise I feel this is not clear and is poor English.
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Re: With no natural predators and expenses of green suburban neighborhoods   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2019, 04:43

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