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# 1) An electric-power company gained greater profits and

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1) An electric-power company gained greater profits and [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2007, 13:22
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1) An electric-power company gained greater profits and provided electricity to consumers at lower rates per unit of electricity by building larger-capacity more efficient plants and by stimulating greater use of electricity within its area. To continue these financial trends, the company planned to replace an old plant by a plant with triple the capacity of its largest plant.
The company's plan as described above assumed each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Demand for electricity within the company's area of service would increase in the future.
B. Expenses would not rise beyond the level that could be compensated for by efficiency or volume of operation, or both.
C. The planned plant would be sufficiently reliable in service to contribute a net financial benefit to the company as a whole.
D. Safety measures to be instituted for the new plant would be the same as those for the plant it would replace.
E. The tripling of capacity would not result in insuperable technological obstacles to efficiency.

2) Of the countries that were the world's twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?
A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

3) Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.
The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?
A. Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase people's desire for that product.
B. Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
C. Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the expenditures of the tobacco companies.
D. Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
E. Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than younger people tend to be.
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2007, 14:42
bizpp07 wrote:
[b]2) Of the countries that were the world's twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?

A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

D. if you have stable rate of export of, lets say, 0.001% or 0.002%, it is not advisable to maintain such stability model.
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16 Sep 2007, 15:00
My answers are
1.D
2. B
3. A

If these are correct, I am willing to shed further light otherwise I wish to be enlightened.
Director
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2007, 17:42
bizpp07 wrote:
3) Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.

The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?

A. Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase people's desire for that product.
B. Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
C. Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the expenditures of the tobacco companies.
D. Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
E. Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than younger people tend to be.

I take A.
Director
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2007, 17:45
bizpp07 wrote:
1) An electric-power company gained greater profits and provided electricity to consumers at lower rates per unit of electricity by building larger-capacity more efficient plants and by stimulating greater use of electricity within its area. To continue these financial trends, the company planned to replace an old plant by a plant with triple the capacity of its largest plant.

The company's plan as described above assumed each of the following EXCEPT:

A. Demand for electricity within the company's area of service would increase in the future.
B. Expenses would not rise beyond the level that could be compensated for by efficiency or volume of operation, or both.
C. The planned plant would be sufficiently reliable in service to contribute a net financial benefit to the company as a whole.
D. Safety measures to be instituted for the new plant would be the same as those for the plant it would replace.
E. The tripling of capacity would not result in insuperable technological obstacles to efficiency.

D here.
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16 Sep 2007, 19:18
1. d
2.b
3.a
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16 Sep 2007, 19:20
1)d
2)d
3)e
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2007, 21:27
bizpp07 wrote:
1) An electric-power company gained greater profits and provided electricity to consumers at lower rates per unit of electricity by building larger-capacity more efficient plants and by stimulating greater use of electricity within its area. To continue these financial trends, the company planned to replace an old plant by a plant with triple the capacity of its largest plant.
The company's plan as described above assumed each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Demand for electricity within the company's area of service would increase in the future.
B. Expenses would not rise beyond the level that could be compensated for by efficiency or volume of operation, or both.
C. The planned plant would be sufficiently reliable in service to contribute a net financial benefit to the company as a whole.
D. Safety measures to be instituted for the new plant would be the same as those for the plant it would replace.
E. The tripling of capacity would not result in insuperable technological obstacles to efficiency.

Ans E : Company did not assumed that tripling the capacity might create tech. obstacles...Or it might solved this problem... Else it would have gone for some other options..

2) Of the countries that were the world's twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?
A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

Ans.D :

3) Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.
The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?
A. Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase people's desire for that product.
B. Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
C. Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the expenditures of the tobacco companies.
D. Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
E. Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than younger people tend to be.

-Ans A.
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17 Sep 2007, 01:23
Thanks for your answers.
Please explain how you got to 1) D 2) D and 3) A.
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17 Sep 2007, 13:13
bizpp07 wrote:
Thanks for your answers.
Please explain how you got to 1) D 2) D and 3) A.

I can not see anybody answering D, D, A.

Who are you referring to????
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17 Sep 2007, 13:36
Can some one explain how the answer to the first question is D?

I stll dont get it
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17 Sep 2007, 14:01
excelgmat wrote:
bizpp07 wrote:
Thanks for your answers.
Please explain how you got to 1) D 2) D and 3) A.

I can not see anybody answering D, D, A.

Who are you referring to????

Fistail got all the answers correct!! Please explain how you got to the answers
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2007, 15:02
Fistail wrote:
bizpp07 wrote:
[b]2) Of the countries that were the world's twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?

A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

D. if you have stable rate of export of, lets say, 0.001% or 0.002%, it is not advisable to maintain such stability model.

fistail, can you explain this please.
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Re: 3 CRs - Please help [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2007, 23:20
[quote]An electric-power company gained greater profits and provided electricity to consumers at lower rates per unit of electricity by building larger-capacity more efficient plants and by stimulating greater use of electricity within its area. To continue these financial trends, the company planned to replace an old plant by a plant with triple the capacity of its largest plant.
The company's plan as described above assumed each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Demand for electricity within the company's area of service would increase in the future.
B. Expenses would not rise beyond the level that could be compensated for by efficiency or volume of operation, or both.
C. The planned plant would be sufficiently reliable in service to contribute a net financial benefit to the company as a whole.
D. Safety measures to be instituted for the new plant would be the same as those for the plant it would replace.
E. The tripling of capacity would not result in insuperable technological obstacles to efficiency. [quote]

I say D.

A: explains that profits will increase. supports conclusion
B. says expenses will not exceed revenues. supports conclusion
C. says would be profitable. supports conclusion
D. safety measures... nothing about profits .
E. explains that the trippling will not seriously affect efficieny, which will affect profits.
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17 Sep 2007, 23:23
Quote:
2) Of the countries that were the world's twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?
A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

I had it down to D and E. I went against my gut and picked E. owell.[/quote]
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17 Sep 2007, 23:27
3) Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.
The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?
A. Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase people's desire for that product.
B. Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
C. Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the expenditures of the tobacco companies.
D. Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
E. Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than younger people tend to be.

This one actually took me 4 min cause I thought A was just too obvious. "Joe Bloggs" style answer.

We need to weaken the argument that banning ciggarettes will not curb young people from smoking.

B. If young ppl buy cigs from these places and they know where to get them, then this may increase or keep level the amount of smokers.
C.Irrelevant, doesnt weaken the argument.
D. Irrelevant, doesn't weaken the argument.
E. The passage is about young ppl, not about old ppl. irrelevant.

A. says that banning the advertisements will at least eliminate some of that desire, leading to a decrease.

Again, it seemed too obvious at first. Can't neglect the easy ones.
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17 Sep 2007, 23:38
Q1
Only D is irrelevant. It doesn't matter if safety measures are the same. Only costs and profits invovled here.
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17 Sep 2007, 23:50
Q2

A. - irrelevant
B. - irrelevant
C. supports the conclusion
E. - not important
I'll take D. D says that the model wouldn't work because two of the exporters had their market share shrunk down.
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17 Sep 2007, 23:52
Q3

B. irrelevant

C. irrelevant

D. irrelevant

E. out of scope

A is the best choice. If it increases the desire for cigarettes, then the advertisements should be taken off air.
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18 Sep 2007, 00:07
ywilfred wrote:
Q1
Only D is irrelevant. It doesn't matter if safety measures are the same. Only costs and profits invovled here.

I second that.. Safety issue is irrelevant here..
18 Sep 2007, 00:07

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