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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev

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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2013, 11:27
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A
B
C
D
E

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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2013, 11:54
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nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2013, 11:33
Eminating A, C and E was easy, but I could not nail down to one between B and D

OA has an explanation "After “subjunctive” verbs such as demand, insist, mandate, etc. (and in this case of course “stipulate”) you must use the subjunctive mood, which means that you do not conjugate the verb (leave the verb in its base form)." :shock: :roll:

Could someone (perhaps from GMATPill / E-Gmat) please explain in Plain English what is the difference between B and D?

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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2013, 11:53
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nave81 wrote:
Eminating A, C and E was easy, but I could not nail down to one between B and D

OA has an explanation "After “subjunctive” verbs such as demand, insist, mandate, etc. (and in this case of course “stipulate”) you must use the subjunctive mood, which means that you do not conjugate the verb (leave the verb in its base form)." :shock: :roll:

Could someone (perhaps from GMATPill / E-Gmat) please explain in Plain English what is the difference between B and D?

Cheers



As you rightly said, "stipulate" is a "Bossy Verb", i.e. a fancy word for verbs which instruct someone to do something. In plain english , whenever you come across bossy verb(keep the context in mind, there are some verbs which may/may not take the comman subjunctive form all the time), the structure to be followed is :

Bossy Verb+That+Subject+(Infinitive form of the verb sans the "to")

Ex: I insist that you wash your hands--> insist - bossy verb, "to wash" sans the "to" is the bare verb

In case of B/D, the correct form of the infinitive "to shut" is shut. That eliminates B.

Hope this helps.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 00:23
blueseas wrote:
nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.


If the sentence uses "will" instead of "would", would the sentence be incorrect?
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 08:26
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hello registerincog

this sentence is about use of conditional would , we need would to express uncertainty. it is used on 1. expectation about future, 2. hypothetical situation 3. assumption for a future event.

will is used to express certainty,

Since we are not sure regarding details of the bill as it will be introduced next month ( notice use of will , we are sure it will be introduced) so we need would here to express anything regarding its details (as the details are uncertain).
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 22:00
1
blueseas wrote:
nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.


Hi,

I have a few doubts betwen B and D.

Firstly, When it is already known that the bill is to be passed next month, why again emphasize with "would"? Redundancy.

Secondly, " A bill " is singular why use "stipulate" there instead of "stipulates"? Where is Subject-Verb agreement??

Thirdly, "every parking meter" should be followed by "shuts off" and not "shut off". Where is Subject-Verb agreement??

Please help with this.. :roll:

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 02:06
Subjunctive needs base form of verb. - only C and D are left. In c we see that the meter is singular but THEY is used . Hence out. Answer is D. :)
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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 07:14
dominicraj wrote:
blueseas wrote:
nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.


Hi,

I have a few doubts betwen B and D.

Firstly, When it is already known that the bill is to be passed next month, why again emphasize with "would"? Redundancy.

Secondly, " A bill " is singular why use "stipulate" there instead of "stipulates"? Where is Subject-Verb agreement??

Thirdly, "every parking meter" should be followed by "shuts off" and not "shut off". Where is Subject-Verb agreement??

Please help with this.. :roll:

Regards,
Dom.


I agree with Dom, so I could use some clarification as well!

Also, S-V agreement, shouldn't it be, if plural, Shut off - They dispense? Not shut off - It?
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 10:17
Could GMATNinja , mikemcgarry or any other expert please explain why we require a 'would' in the correct option.
I always get confused when it comes to the usage of would/will for future events :(
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 20:23
antecedent of "it" is not clear here.
Please throw light on this.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2019, 00:15
nave wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.





Hi


I can understand the other errors in this question. But can can someone please explain to me why the usage of would is correct in this sentence.

A bill, to be introduced next month,......

A would is used when we have uncertainty or some expectations. It is also used when we are referring to a future event from the past.

IMO, this sentence does not have any of these usages.
Can someone please throw some light on the usage of would and that usage in this question.

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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2019, 05:35
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I do not think the problem is the use of the connector 'that'. After all, it does a neat job of connecting two ICs and turns the entire sentence into a complex sentence.

While it is agreeable that 'stipulate' is certainly a subjunctive mood verb, there is still no need to use the modal.

The verb 'stipulate' per se is any time a command subjunctive because of the element of mandating inherent within. When a date has been fixed and announced publicly for the eventual introduction, there is no second thought about its eventuality. One can simply dispense with the modal 'would' and still carry the subjunctive mood in the given context.

I have my doubts about the utility of the word 'would'. However, the author may have her own reasons.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2019, 06:58
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nitesh50 wrote:
Hi


I can understand the other errors in this question. But can can someone please explain to me why the usage of would is correct in this sentence.

A bill, to be introduced next month,......

A would is used when we have uncertainty or some expectations. It is also used when we are referring to a future event from the past.

IMO, this sentence does not have any of these usages.
Can someone please throw some light on the usage of would and that usage in this question.

Your assessment is accurate. There is no clear reason to use "would" in this sentence. The author may have felt that the use of "would" results in the sentence's conveying that there is some uncertainty regarding whether the bill will stipulate what's described. However, seeking to use "would" without other related wording to convey such a meaning does not make sense.

It has been suggested that the reason that choice (C) is incorrect is that it does not include "would." That assessment is not accurate. (C) is incorrect only because of the pronoun agreement issue associated with the use of "they," which may seem to refer to parking meters but does not, since "parking meters" does not appear in the sentence. Rather the sentence uses "every ... parking meter" which is singular. So, the only antecedent that agrees with "they" is "people," which does not work as the antecedent of "they," since the meaning conveyed were "people" the antecedent of "they" would be that people run out of meter receipts, which meaning is illogical. The use of "stipulates" in (C) is fine, and, in fact, better than the use of "would stipulate."
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2019, 06:58
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