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A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a

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A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2007, 09:24
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A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?

(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.
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Re: Bacteria -  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2007, 09:41
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beatgmat wrote:
8. A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?

(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


little tricky: A

now = x/2
full = x
1/8 full = x/8
so: (x/8) (4n) = x/2
n = 1 hour

it was 9:00 am.
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New post 13 Sep 2007, 10:31
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beatgmat wrote:
8. A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?
(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


A .
Its 1/2 . So what was it at 9 am. Since quadrupled one hour back it was 1/8. So the answer.
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Re: Bacteria -  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2011, 16:36
Fistail wrote:
beatgmat wrote:
8. A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?

(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


little tricky: A

now = x/2
full = x
1/8 full = x/8
so: (x/8) (4n) = x/2
n = 1 hour

it was 9:00 am.





Could u please explain why 4n?
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Re: Bacteria -  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2011, 00:56
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Sol:

Method1:
*******
We know the bacteria quadruples every hour: i.e. if at x hrs, the count is 100, at time x+1 hrs, the count will be 400, x+2: 1600 and so on;
Reverse is also true; if at x hours the count is 1600, x-1 hrs, it would have been 1600/4=400; x-2:400/4=100 and so on...

Same way:
@ 10:00 am: The count was 1/2(Half)
@ 9:00 am: The count would have been (1/2)/4 = 1/8
Thus the bacteria count was 1/8 @ 9:00 AM.
******************************************

Method2:
*******
A more mathematical and little cumbersome approach would be the Geometric Progression:

To find the nth term in a GP;
\(A_n=a*r^{(n-1)}\)


We know
\(a=1/2\); This is the first term and represents the count of bacteria at time 10:00AM
\(r=1/4\)
\(A_n=1/8\); This is the \(n^{th}\) term and represents the count of bacteria (n-1) hours before 10
\(n=?\)

\(A_n=a*r^{(n-1)}\)
\(\frac{1}{8}=\frac{1}{2}*(\frac{1}{4})^{(n-1)}\)
\(\frac{1}{4}=\frac{1}{4^{(n-1)}}\)

Equating the denominator:
n-1=1
n=2;

So; we know the bacteria reached 1/8 @ n=2; Time = 2-1=1 hour before 10:00AM=9:00AM

The latter method may be little subtle but is a generalized way to deal with such questions. The former should be your first choice to solve such questions and latter may be used only as a fall back method.

Ans: "A"
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A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2011, 02:37
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beatgmat wrote:
8. A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?
(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


You certainly don't need that much thinking on this one.

To go from one-eighth (1/8) full to half (1/2) full culture of bacteria should quadruple: 1/8*4=1/2, as it quadruples every hour then container was one-eighth full at 10:00 a.m -1 hour = 9:00 a.m.

Answer: A.
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New post 21 Jul 2014, 09:53
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Re: A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 10:48
beatgmat wrote:
A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?

(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


This problem is easily solved if you work it forwards, starting from the time the container was ⅛ full. Let’s start there:

1/8 x 4 = 1/2

So we see it took 1 hour to go from 1/8 full to 1/2 full. So at 9 am it was 1/8 full.

Alternate Solution:

Since the number of bacteria quadruple every hour, let’s go backwards in time from the point where the container was ½ full:

(½)/4 = (½)/(4/1) = (½) x (¼) = ⅛.

We see that one hour earlier, the container was ⅛ full of bacteria. This was at 9 am.

Answer: A
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Re: A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:33
mastergmat1 wrote:
A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a container with these bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at what time was it one-eighth full?

(A) 9:00 a.m.
(B) 7:00 a.m.
(C) 6:00 a.m.
(D) 4:00 a.m.
(E) 2:00 a.m.


I solved the question using numbers, which makes it more easier.

Total bacteria when container is full=80
At 10:00 am when container is half full=40
\(\frac{1}{8}\) of full = \(\frac{1}{8}\) * 80 = 10

Since the bacteria quadruples every hour,
10 * \(4^n\)=40
\(4^n\)=4
=> n=1 (hr)

So it took 1 hr to fill half(40) from 10. Hence, 10:00 am minus 1 hr=9:00 am (Option A)
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Re: A certain culture of bacteria quadruples every hour. If a   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2019, 23:33
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