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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s

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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 00:32
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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 00:41
I really think the answer is C. using negation technique
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 00:49
Option D makes more sense than rest of them.

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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 02:34
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I go for C, the option D was not mentioned anywhere in the passage

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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 06:12
broall wrote:
A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same. => and that means that people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not - this is no longer valid.

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not. => negate more or equal. In case of equal, it doesn't invalidate the conclusion.

B. The people living in low income areas can afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is less likely to convert into a sentence. => it does the reverse effect.

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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 11:16
broall wrote:
A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

negating C breaks the conclusion..

ans C
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 10:03
Answere C talks about the sentencing of crime, whereas the conclusion says about commiting a crime. Negation of option D breaks the conclusion
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2017, 11:32
can someone help me with the option B because if you see it states that it was not the area of living or the low income level that caused them to sentence rather the affordable court expenses that led them for the sentence.Why is this option incorrect??
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 00:34
I also go with option B as in option C it only restates the mentioned premise .
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 13:08
longhaul123

Quote:
can someone help me with the option B because if you see it states that it was not the area of living or the low income level that caused them to sentence rather the affordable court expenses that led them for the sentence.Why is this option incorrect??

Option B is incorrect because it provides a different explanation for the high incidence of crime in low income areas than what the author argues.

To simplify this further:

Argument concludes that 'people in low income areas are more likely to commit crimes'

Option B says: It's not that they are more likely to commit crimes rather they cannot afford litigation expense and hence get sentenced which makes it appear that they more likely to commit crimes.

Option B is contradicting the stance taken by the original argument.

Assumption questions require us to strengthen the argument in some way. Option C does this very well because it plugs a hole in a possible contention to this argument. This contention could be that 'it's not that people are more likely to commit crimes but they are more likely to get sentenced, hence the high rate of sentencing'. Option C closes this door by saying these people are NOT more likely to be sentenced than other people.

Hope you got it.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 03:57

Argument says: Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

But B says The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.
Maybe more criminals from high-income areas than low-income area criminals are able to afford the costly litigation expenses and not convert into sentence. So this weakens the argument that people living in low income areas are more likely to commit criminial activities.

B would have been a perfect answer, had this question been a weakening argument question.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2019, 07:48
Commiting a crime and getting sentenced for the same are quite different. Went for D with one.

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Re: A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2019, 08:22
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ShankSouljaBoi, Let us break down the argument -

A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

So, the argument is clearly making a jump from "getting sentenced" to "committing a crime" and we need to find the information to plug this gap.

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not. Again, it is about sentencing and not prosecution - also, this goes 180 opposite to what is being said in argument

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence. This explain the apparent paradox, but we are trying to find the assumption - so this goes against the argument

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same. Perfect - this plugs the gap brilliantly. If the author does not assume this than the argument falls (on similar lines of option B)

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas. This is not related to the assumption. This is completely new information and hence it does not fill the gap between "sentences" and "crimes"

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report Could be true for both sides and hence does not fill the gap

Hope this helps.
ShankSouljaBoi wrote:
Commiting a crime and getting sentenced for the same are quite different. Went for D with one.

Regards

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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2019, 03:27
Gladiator59 ; your logic is correct of putting this sentence into gap ; but in assumption question to get an answer correct most of us apply negation technique , it seems like that the answer option should have had been :

On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

which upon doing the negation would had been the correct answer ..

where as if you do the negation of the given C option ; it does not break the conclusion....

ShankSouljaBoi, Let us break down the argument -

A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

So, the argument is clearly making a jump from "getting sentenced" to "committing a crime" and we need to find the information to plug this gap.

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not. Again, it is about sentencing and not prosecution - also, this goes 180 opposite to what is being said in argument

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence. This explain the apparent paradox, but we are trying to find the assumption - so this goes against the argument

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same. Perfect - this plugs the gap brilliantly. If the author does not assume this than the argument falls (on similar lines of option B)

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas. This is not related to the assumption. This is completely new information and hence it does not fill the gap between "sentences" and "crimes"

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report Could be true for both sides and hence does not fill the gap

Hope this helps.
ShankSouljaBoi wrote:
Commiting a crime and getting sentenced for the same are quite different. Went for D with one.

Regards

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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 03:27
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