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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in

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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2020, 13:45
1
8
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A
B
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D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:27) correct 38% (01:32) wrong based on 305 sessions

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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.


A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have



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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 04:45
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A, B, & C are incorrect because with greater we need "than". So the use of "as" makes the options incorrect. The construction in option D is awkward and too wordy. Hence, option E is the correct choice as it fixes the idiom error by using " greater than".
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 05:49
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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.


A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as
-->Incorrect: the correct idiom is : greater rates of xyz than

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to
-->Incorrect: the correct idiom is : greater rates of xyz than

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to
-->Incorrect: the correct idiom is : greater in xyz than

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did
-->Incorrect: Okay so idiom usage seems fine. However, the clause is in past tense. However, the sentence intends to convey a situation whose cause(early education programs) started in the past and the effect is seen in the present(usage of have achieved). However, this clause does not convey so.

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have
-->Correct: the correct idiom: greater rates of xyz than is utilized here. Moreover, the sentence does in fact convey a situation whose cause(early education programs) started in the past and effect is seen in the present(usage of have achieved).

If you go by idiom usage and meaning , answers from (A) to (D) can be eliminated.
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 07:11
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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.

As we know the correct comparison is given by greater....than
So, A,B, and C are out.
In D, verb were is wrongly used for singular noun success
Ans-E


A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 08:44
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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.

Note: There is comparator "greater rates" here and that should be followed up with "than". Thus, A, B and C are out right-off-the-bat.



A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as -- fore reason mentioned above

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to -- same as A

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to -- same as A

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did -- Small issue with the tense parallelism here (have achieved... did achieve)

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have -- CORRECT, fixed the tense parallelism issue in E

So, the answer is E
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 12:59
E

Correct Comparison: greater ...than..

A,B, C gone
D. distorts meaning from the original sentence.
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 21:58
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Correct answer E

A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as
We need to use a comparison X greater than Y, but here "as" is not used as a comparison. Hence eliminate

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to
as compared to - is not correct idiom usage - Hence eliminate

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to
when compared to - is not correct idiom usage - Hence eliminate

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did
Comparison is wrong - Hence eliminate

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have
Here the sentence correctly compares the children with preschool education and children without preschool education
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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2020, 18:06
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Bunuel wrote:
A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.


A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have



SC16502


Comparison, correct use of comparative greater.

A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as : " as" is incorrect, greater should be followed by than.INCORRECT.

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to : same as in option a , we need "than".INCORRECT.

C.rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to : "rates of success that are markedly greater" is passive and not as good as " markedly greater rates of success", also we need "than".INCORRECT.

D.rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did: same as in c additionally"did" is inappropriate here. INCORRECT.

E.markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have : Here "markedly greater rates of success " is in active voice, also " greater " is followed by " than" additionally " have " is parallel with earlier use of have. CORRECT
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2020, 16:46
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A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.

In the above sentence , all the subject verb pair exists, used the correct tense form, no pronoun ambiguity & no modifier error.
Only Idiomatic usage " greater than" & comparison error are there.

A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as

1. The idiomatic phase " greater than" is missing
2. using "as" is not appropriate , so comparison error.

- Incorrect


B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to

1. The idiomatic phase " greater than" is missing

- Incorrect

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to

1. The idiomatic phase " greater than" is missing
2. "when compared to" is incorrect usage.

- Incorrect

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did

- usage of " did" is inappropriate - Incorrect


E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have

1. usage of "greater than " removes the idiomatic error.
2. " have " removes the comparison error.

- Correct



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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2020, 16:55
YuvarajUmapathi wrote:
Correct answer E

A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as
We need to use a comparison X greater than Y, but here "as" is not used as a comparison. Hence eliminate

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to
as compared to - is not correct idiom usage - Hence eliminate

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to
when compared to - is not correct idiom usage - Hence eliminate

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did
Comparison is wrong - Hence eliminate

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have
Here the sentence correctly compares the children with preschool education and children without preschool education





I just want to add that

" As compared to" is correct idiomatic usage
"when compared to" is incorrect


CORRECT USAGE : -
1. In comparison/Contrast With/To
2. Compared / Contrasted With/To
3. As compared/Contrasted To


INCORRECT USAGE :-

1. When Compared /Contrasted To
2. When Compared/Contrasted With
3. As Compared/Contrasted With



If any further queries, please let me know.
Thank you :)
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2020, 03:06
Bunuel wrote:
A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in preschool education programs during the early 1970's have achieved markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as children who were not part of such programs.


SC16502

IMO E.

A. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as
'Greater .... than' is the correct usage, 'Greater... as' is wrong

B. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market as compared to
'Compared to' is used to compare two dissimilar object. 'Compared with' is the right usage.

C. rates of success that are markedly greater in school and later in the job market when compared to

'Compared to' is used to compare two dissimilar object. 'Compared with' is the right usage.

D. rates of success that were markedly greater in school and later in the job market than did
tense error, the uage of 'have' in the non underline portion and then 'did' in the underline portion is wrong.

E. markedly greater rates of success in school and later in the job market than have
Correct option, 'greater.... than' , 'have' are correct.
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Re: A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2020, 03:06

A recent study indicates that inner-city children who participated in

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