A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan,

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan,as well as artifacts,such as glass-oil lamp fragments,found at the site

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church,as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan,as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,once probably being a church,was indicated by its eastward orientation,overall plan,and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan,but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church,as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as the

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as by the
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by HKD1710 on 19 Aug 2016, 12:03, edited 1 time in total.
corrected choice B
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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The prepositional parallelism should be maintained in all the arms of a list.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as --- The correct parallelism is 'by its eastward orientation, by its overall plan as well as by artifacts' – wrong

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a probably a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and --- meaning totally changed; the structure was not indicated; that the structure was a church was indicated by several factors. Wrong

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the--- If we intend to use ‘but also', then we must also have used ‘not only’ prior to it.

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was, was probably a church, ‘as indicates’ its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the --- ‘as indicates’; we must either say ‘as indicated by ’ or simply say ‘as it indicates’ – Per se, this is a fragment

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the --- The best of the constructions
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan,as well as artifacts,such as glass-oil lamp fragments,found at the site

A ruined.... phrase correctly modifies the structure Jordan.
The fact that it may be a church is indicated by 3 factors
    its eastward direction
    by its overall plan and
    as well as artifacts
These 3 are found at site.

Now in given sentence all these 3 do not follow parallel construction with only one by for 2nd item. Hence A is wrong.

now going for other options

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,once probably being a church,was indicated by its eastward orientation,overall plan,and
once probably being a church............[color=#ff0000]gives a meaning error spoiled by once and being(for past tense).


(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan,but also the
Using Present continuous tense Indicating for past event is wrong. Also Jordan is a structure and it is not indicating sth. This is wrong meaning wise because of wrong modifier.
not only...........but also......... is also used wrongly


(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church,as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as the
present tense indicates changes the whole meaning of the sentence.

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as by the
even though, Use of That in modifier part seems somewhat awkward to me, parallel structure in this sentence is well written without error.

That a ruined.... phrase correctly modifies the structure Jordan.
The fact that it may be a church is indicated by 3 factors
    by its eastward direction and its overall plan
    by artifacts

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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2015, 12:49
Can some1 please explain the OA ?
Thanks in advance.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as
(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and
(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the
(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the
(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

In (A) indicated by --in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as are not parallel.
In (B)once probably being -- incorrect
IN (C) Indicating that a ruined and but also ( the introduction of but also doesnt make sense) -- incorrect
IN (D) indicates is present
In(E) best
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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A: as indicated
Here, it is not crystal clear WHAT is indicated.
Eliminate A.

B: A ruined structure...was indicated by its orientation.
This meaning is nonsensical:
An ORIENTATION cannot indicate a STRUCTURE.
Eliminate B.

but must serve to connect CONTRASTING IDEAS.
C: its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the artifacts
Here, the usage of but is inappropriate, since the orientation, the plan and the artifacts are NOT contrasting ideas.
Rather, all three serve THE SAME FUNCTION: they indicate that the ruined structure was probably a church.
Eliminate C.

D: as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan
Here, indicates (singular) does not agree with its eastward orientation and overall plan (plural subject).
Eliminate D.

The correct answer is E.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 06:16
(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the-correct
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 09:50
Parallelism also has a role to play here. E is more parallel than A: indicated by something as well as by something else.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 01:34
this question test parallelism, which is indicated by the last sentence "artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site".
Only E makes the correct parallelism and hence is the right answer
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 15:52
Could someone please help me with the strange structure: "That .... is indicated...". I found it so strange and was reluctant to choose choice E, although it sounds the best.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2015, 09:02
A “indicated in” is wrong. That it is a church is not "indicated in" its orientation... , it is "indicated by" its orientation.
B “being a church” is wrong, this should be past tense – once was a church... And what is " was" referring to?
C Passive and parallelism of “ x, as well as y” is not correct...
D "indicates... as well as... found"... not // tenses
E. OA!
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2015, 02:45
...was just too fast and eliminated choice E, although have found mistakes in all other answer choices.
Actually That clause here contains full subjects and verbs and thus can function as a noun --> It's not a sentence fragment
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2016, 09:35
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 01:23
kevinyuan136 wrote:
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!



That may be okay too but "indicated BY x and y, as well as BY Z" is just as parallel...
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 01:58
kevinyuan136 wrote:
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!


The statement in the given form talks about two different list of things, hence the given construction.
It talks about the "something related to architecture", as well as the "artifacts"

Does this help?
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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kevinyuan136 wrote:
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!


Hi kevinyuan136 and gibbet,

It will not be ok to replace or add 'as well as' or 'and'...
the role of 'as well as' is to lay extra emphasis on the preceding term, whereas 'and' lays equal emphasis..

now if you look at the Q
it lays emphasis on 'eastward orientation and overall plan' and less emphasis on 'artifacts'....
so you have to keep the original meaning..


Quote:
The statement in the given form talks about two different list of things, hence the given construction.
It talks about the "something related to architecture", as well as the "artifacts"

Does this help?

TeamGMATIFY, the emphasis is the main reason and not to list out different things...
the different things would actually be mentioned as such..

That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, and by the artifacts..."

Hope it helped
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 02:52
kevinyuan136 did not replace "as well as" to start with!
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 03:00
gibbet wrote:
kevinyuan136 did not replace "as well as" to start with!



Hi,
I think I have used the sentence
Quote:
It will not be ok to replace or add 'as well as' or 'and'...
the role of 'as well as' is to lay extra emphasis on the preceding term, whereas 'and' lays equal emphasis..
..

so difficult to understand what you meant by ...
kevinyuan136[/url] did not replace "as well as" to start with!...

But to start with or to end with, it is not correct to say..
Quote:
That may be okay too but "indicated BY x and y, as well as BY Z" is just as parallel...
..

because it changes the meaning and 'as well as' and 'and' have a different role and removing 'and' from a sentence changes the meaning..
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 03:18
Nevermind I didn't notice he dropped the "and".. I thought he was just preferring "as well as BY" to "as well as"... That would certainly effect the meaning of the sentence:

Anyway, this is the first time I'm coming across "as well as" giving more emphasis to the preceding term. Thanks!

Meaning aside, would you say this is grammatically correct?

"...was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, and by the artifacts, such as.... found at the site"
Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan,   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2016, 03:18

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