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# A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as

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Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2018
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2020, 02:10
chetan2u wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
rest wrote:
A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

why a is wrong
indicated modify subject of main clause
A is
structure was a church as structure is indicated. no logic

Hi,

lets see why A is wrong and E is the correct choice..

A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site....

1) indicated in" is not the correct usage indicated by.. is correct..
indicated in would be better used in a sentence like..
the route was indicated on the paper..
the war was imminent as per the news indicated in various newspaper..

2) 'by the ' is missing before the artifacts, so there is a parallelism issue...
if I remove other parallel issues, it would read..
]A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicatedin its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well asartifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site...
as indicated artifacts, such as,... does not make sense..

Hello chetan2u could you please elaborate on the last part of your explanation, I haven't understood the "test" that you conduct, the part that you say that "if i remove other parallel issues..."
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2020, 02:35
MikeScarn wrote:
schak2rhyme wrote:
(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

Eliminated due to the parallelism error in red. We need parallelism around our "and" construction.

schak2rhyme wrote:
(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

Meaning error. The intended meaning is that the eastward orientation and overall plan are indicators that the structure used to be a church.

schak2rhyme wrote:
(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

"but also" should jump out at us. If we have a "but also," we need a "not only" beforehand.

The verb tenses are also a hot mess. "Indicating" "was" "were"

Even without the technical errors, I would say this sentence is in a wacky construction, which should be taken with a grain of salt.

schak2rhyme wrote:
(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

"indicates" is not in the correct verb tense.

schak2rhyme wrote:
(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

We're starting our sentence with "That." Just beautiful (said with sarcasm)... let's keep reading.

"was a church is indicated by its X and Y, as well as by the A, such as B, C"

This is sentence is "wacky" in my opinion, but all of the idioms and parallelisms are in order... So we won't eliminate it.

Hello MikeScarn I'm having some difficulties on option A regarding the parallelism issue, speifically aren't in and by both prepositions ? so why can't they be parallel I thought the issue we had was with artifact, thanks in advance for your time.
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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2020, 07:44
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UNSTOPPABLE12 wrote:
Hello MikeScarn I'm having some difficulties on option A regarding the parallelism issue, speifically aren't in and by both prepositions ? so why can't they be parallel I thought the issue we had was with artifact, thanks in advance for your time.

Hi UNSTOPPABLE12, I'm happy to help.

Yes, "in" and "by" are both prepositions. Let's look at the highlighted portion of option (A):

as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan,

When we see the word and, that should jump out at us as a parallelism marker. After our verb (indicated), we are listing two items:

1. eastward orientation
2. overall plan

When we list these items, they must be parallel, which means that the preposition that introduces them (by or in) must be in similar form.

In the case of (A), we use two different prepositions, so parallel structure is broken.

Here are some examples of broken parallelism and correct parallelism:

Not Parallel: as indicated in its eastward orientation and in the overall plan
Not Parallel: as indicated by the eastward orientation and its overall plan
Not Parallel: as indicated by its eastward orientation and in its overall plan
Parallel: as indicated by its eastward orientation and by its overall plan.
Parallel: as indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan.

I hope this is helpful? Does this make sense? I suggest reading more about parallelism in whichever Prep book you have. Parallelism is a major subject in SC.

Also, this is a notoriously difficult question

Mike
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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Apr 2020, 09:37
schak2rhyme wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 136
Page: 699

A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

Is the option A wrong because there are two different prepositions i.e in and by separated by a conjunction ?
Is it wrong to have two different prepositions generally speaking ?

or

because the preposition by cannot be shared by a noun which appears after the word as well as ?
I assumed that the this construction i.e by its overall plan, as well as (by) artifacts. is alright and acceptable in GMAT.

Originally posted by Abhishekrao12 on 08 Apr 2020, 08:54.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 09 Apr 2020, 09:37, edited 1 time in total.
fixed quotation formatting
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2020, 23:39
2
Abhishekrao12 wrote:
schak2rhyme wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 136
Page: 699

A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

Is the option A wrong because there are two different prepositions i.e in and by separated by a conjunction ?
Is it wrong to have two different prepositions generally speaking ?

or

because the preposition by cannot be shared by a noun which appears after the word as well as ?
I assumed that the this construction i.e by its overall plan, as well as (by) artifacts. is alright and acceptable in GMAT.

No problem with multiple prepositions -
e.g. I ran up the slope, through the tunnel and onto the platform.

In our question, there are three things mentioned:
- its eastward orientation
- overall plan
- the artefacts

Since 'the artefacts' is connecting with 'as well as', it doesn't have the same importance as the other two. It is an aside, just additional. So the three are not equally important members of a list.

The first two members can share the preposition since they are equal members of a list.
Correct - by A and B, as well as by C
Incorrect - by A and by B, as well as C
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2020, 00:33
if we see
X and Y as well as Z
then, both X and Y are 1 element, which is parallel with Z.
remember, Z is not parallel with Y, and X is not parallel with Y and Z.

this parallelism is special and is indicated by choice E.

do you think so?
Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2020, 00:33

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