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# A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century

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A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2015, 11:51
3
8
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:53) correct 35% (01:57) wrong based on 369 sessions

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A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century recording of someone reciting a poem written by Walt Whitman. During the nineteenth century,recordings of poetry were not made for wide commercial sale. Rather, they were made either as rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets or as publicity stunts in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the
public. Since the Whitman poem in the recording was never even published, it is likely that the voice in the recording is actually Whitman’s.

The argument proceeds by…
(A) offering several pieces of evidence, each of which independently points to the same conclusion.
(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.
(C) offering a general principle and then demonstrating that the general principle is violated in this particular case.
(D) showing that two apparently mutually exclusive alternatives are actually compatible with each other.
(E) explaining the historical context of an incident in order to demonstrate that each of the two possible scenarios involving the incident is as likely as the other.
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2015, 19:14
The argument talks about two different results of a recording:

1. The original recording is never made public
2. The duplicate recordings, which are done by actors are made public

Since this recording was not made public, hence this is the original poem recording by Walt Whitman.

This flow is best covered by option B.
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2015, 21:50
Quote:
The author concludes that since the poem in recording never got published (as a result of which the poem was publicly unavailable for actors to record) the probability of whitman recording the poem in his own voice could be very high. Earlier in the paragraph, he states that during 19th century people recorded mainly for two reasons out of which one is not possible.

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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2015, 22:45
Mechmeera wrote:
A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century recording of someone reciting a poem written by Walt Whitman. During the nineteenth century,recordings of poetry were not made for wide commercial sale. Rather, they were made either as rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets or as publicity stunts in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the
public. Since the Whitman poem in the recording was never even published, it is likely that the voice in the recording is actually Whitman’s.

The argument proceeds by…
(A) offering several pieces of evidence, each of which independently points to the same conclusion.
(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.
(C) offering a general principle and then demonstrating that the general principle is violated in this particular case.
(D) showing that two apparently mutually exclusive alternatives are actually compatible with each other.
(E) explaining the historical context of an incident in order to demonstrate that each of the two possible scenarios involving the incident is as likely as the other.

(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.

Phenomenon
Nineteenth century recordings of poetry.

Two subtypes
1) rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets
(The-only-thing-our-brain-needs-to-do 1: In this case, the voice in the recording has to be of the poet him/her self and since the recording is a private souvenir, it would never be published)
2) publicity stunts in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the public
(The-only-thing-our-brain-needs-to-do 2: In this case, the voice in the recording has to be of the actor and not the poet and since its a publicity stunt, the recording has to be published)

Particular case
Whitman poem in the recording.

Eliminating one of those subtypes
"Since the Whitman poem in the recording was never even published" (Eliminating subtype 2)

Hence B
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 12:19
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century recording of someone reciting a poem written by Walt Whitman. During the nineteenth century,recordings of poetry were not made for wide commercial sale. Rather, they were made either as rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets or as publicity stunts in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the
public. Since the Whitman poem in the recording was never even published, it is likely that the voice in the recording is actually Whitman’s.

The argument proceeds by…
(A) offering several pieces of evidence, each of which independently points to the same conclusion.
(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.
(C) offering a general principle and then demonstrating that the general principle is violated in this particular case.
(D) showing that two apparently mutually exclusive alternatives are actually compatible with each other.
(E) explaining the historical context of an incident in order to demonstrate that each of the two possible scenarios involving the incident is as likely as the other.

I got to B, because the author gives 2 possible explanations why W's poem were found:
1. private souvenir of the voice of the famous poet
2. actors recorded poems that were familiar to public.
the conclusion then states that it is likely to be W's voice. It might be the case that W's poems were not familiar to public. Thus, second explanation is not valid.

B exactly states the above said:
phenomenon - 2 sub types.
one eliminated because of the inference from the conclusion/premises.

this is the first time when I see such type of question.
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2017, 19:34
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century recording of someone reciting a poem written by Walt Whitman. During the nineteenth century,recordings of poetry were not made for wide commercial sale. Rather, they were made either as rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets or as publicity stunts in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the public. Since the Whitman poem in the recording was never even published, it is likely that the voice in the recording is actually Whitman’s.

The argument proceeds by

(A) offering several pieces of evidence, each of which independently points to the same conclusion.
(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.
(C) offering a general principle and then demonstrating that the general principle is violated in this particular case.
(D) showing that two apparently mutually exclusive alternatives are actually compatible with each other.
(E) explaining the historical context of an incident in order to demonstrate that each of the two possible scenarios involving the incident is as likely as the other.

General Description: This question asks you to find the description of the method by which the argument proceeds.

A. Incorrect. The argument does offer several pieces of evidence, but they do not point to the conclusion independently of one another. That is, taking any one of the argument's pieces of evidence alone does not support the conclusion; it is only together that the evidence supports the conclusion.

B. Correct. The "phenomenon" is the nineteenth century practice of recording poetry for noncommercial purposes. The "two subtypes" are

(i) "[those made as] rare private souvenirs of the voices of famous poets"
(ii) "[those made] as publicity stunts, in which actors recorded poems that were familiar to the public."

In the "particular case" of the recording in question, the argument eliminates the second subtype by pointing out that the poem on that recording "was never even published," that is, is not a poem that would likely have been familiar to the public. Since this response most completely and accurately describes the method of the argument in the passage, it is the best answer.

C. Incorrect. There are several statements in the passage that could be construed as "general principle," but the argument does not attempt to demonstrate that any of them is violated in the particular case in question

D. Incorrect. There are "two apparently mutually exclusive alternatives" presented- namely, that a certain recording of poetry made in the nineteenth century was made either as a souvenir of the voice of a famous poet, or else as a publicity stunt in which an actor recorded a well-known poem. But the argument does not attempt to show that these two alternatives are compatible with one another.

E. Incorrect. The argument can be construed as "explaining the historical context of an incident," though it may be debatable whether a recording counts as an "incident." But even if it does, this response is incorrect, because the argument does not attempt to demonstrate that two scenarios are equally likely. Can the contrary, the argument purports to show that one scenario is more likely than the other.

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Tips and Pitfalls: In answering questions about an argument's method, be careful to compare completely the methods of support described in the responses to the argument in the passage: If a response's method does not correspond exactly to that used in the argument, that response is not the best answer.
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2018, 10:43
(B) distinguishing a phenomenon into two subtypes and then for a particular case eliminating one of those subtypes.

B perfectly explains the passage. Right answer
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Re: A scholar discovered an unlabeled nineteenth-century   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2018, 10:43
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