GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Aug 2018, 12:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 486
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2009, 13:22
29
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

67% (01:34) correct 33% (01:53) wrong based on 1192 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers, the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions, because simultaneously with its new order, consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets.

Which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

(B) The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

(C) Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

(D) Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.

(E) A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 603
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2016, 07:22
13
3
The correct answer A
Explanation :-
First find the premise and conclusion :-

Premise 1) AN airline named "Consolidate airline" ordered - 20 TX MODEL JETS from another aircraft maker called "Manto"
Premise 2) But "Consolidated airline" cancelled more expensive- 20 Z SERIES JETS from Manto. (in net effect Manto lost the expensive order and got a less expensive order)
Conclusion) Less order for Manto Aircrafts airliner means Manto will have fire employee

So Now we have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee. The option that shows that Manto will not fire employees will be correct

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

Which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
Keep it for later

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX
Wrong:- So employees cannot make Model TX . But now Manto have to produce model TX because order of model Z is cancelled. And these employees cannot make Model TX. Imagine even if Manto fires these employees, it will strengthen the conclusion and not weaken it. We have to show manto will not fire employee. This option suggests Manto will fire employee. Hence Wrong

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .
Wrong:- So what, Do they tell us that series Z needed more maintenance than TX model. May be TX model requires a lot of maintainance, may be not. What is the Amount of money that MANTO receives by maintenance . None of these is mentioned in question stem.

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.
Wrong:- So MANTO is a good company and rehire workers in the future. But Do we know for sure that Manto will receive subsequent new orders and will be able to rehire the fired workers. We can't say for sure .. so this option is wrong. Also the question is about firing the workers in current time. What happens in future is irrelevant.

E. A large number of the airliners in "consolidated fleet" are at the beginning of their expected service life.
Wrong:- A large number of planes of "CONSOLIDATED AIRLINES" will start to need maintenance. OK !! so what ! How does it affects MANTO. At worst this options make us assume that maintenance work will be done by other company and not Manto and thus Manto will not gain anything. At best this options tells us that Since CONSOLIDATED AIRLINE is already buying 20 TX model jet , it might not need to maintain its old aircrafts.

BAMM.. we are done and we don't have a clear answer except A.. SO by the process of elimination we found out that A id the answer.
NOW LETS SEE HOW OPTION A CAN BE THE CORRECT ANSWER

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
RIGHT :- Since now Manto does not have to make MODeL Z. It will not heavily use subcontractors from outside. Since it will not heavily use subcontractors from outside, it will not have to pay them lot of money. Since it will not pay outside people, that lot of money will be saved, since lot of mmoney will be saved,that money might be used to pay salaries of employees. Hence Monty will not fire employees. A is correct.


_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

General Discussion
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1328
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2009, 13:50
The argument is that the number of workers that need to be laid off does NOT need to be revised.

The underlying reason is there was order for X units of A (big ones) that is now cancelled and now X units of B(small ones) is ordered.

To me (B) stands out because if people who are on board for A dont know how to make B, company will need to fire and hire again. It is very well possible that they might need fewer/more people than they currently have depending on the business requirement/intricacies in making B. But the number needs to be revised. We cannot just say that replacement will be one to one.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 14 Jan 2013
Posts: 148
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT Date: 08-01-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Apr 2014, 02:24
1
Guys,

Can we have some discussion on this one?...

I am not sure why E cannot be the answer?

~M14

_________________

"Where are my Kudos" ............ Good Question = kudos

"Start enjoying all phases" & all Sections

__________________________________________________________________
http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-of-articles-on-critical-reasoning-159959.html

http://gmatclub.com/forum/percentages-700-800-level-questions-130588.html

http://gmatclub.com/forum/700-to-800-level-quant-question-with-detail-soluition-143321.html

Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3690
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2015, 02:49
Can some one please explain why E is not the correct answer?
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!



Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Apr 2015
Posts: 38
Premium Member
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2015, 21:34
[quote="abhimahna"]Can some one please explain why E is not the correct

I went with A
In this case the only time company wouldn't have to layoff anyone would be in following
1. The canceled order had lower profit margin and were too expensive to build for any reason such as low expertise, expensive labor or expensive component
2. Company didn't have large workforce or had higher adhoc labor

Hope this helps

E. A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life
even if this is true, this actually support analyst. Newer fleet low wear and tear this in turn means lows calls for services and hence company will not get more revenue
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 15 May 2015
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2015, 23:07
1
Hi

A is the correct answer choice because it provides the reason which if true could potentially weaken the conclusion.
Since Manto relies on more outside sub-contractors to build Model Z than to build consolidated,the cancellation of the contract for Model Z does not provide a reason to sack it own employess.

Cheers!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Status: One Last Shot !!!
Joined: 04 May 2014
Posts: 245
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V32
GMAT 2: 680 Q47 V35
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2016, 04:31
3
This is so in line with the real world around us. Companies actually hire workers on 'contract-basis' and not as full time company employees usually for short-term projects or for projects companies are not that confident about because contractors can be easily fired (or layed-off) without affecting the attrition rate of the company. They are not their employees at first place :)

This is exactly whats happening in this argument with the option A saying- Mostly contractors (and not company's own worker) were involved in the project 'model Z'. So even if it is scrapped, its the contractors that will be jobless, not the full time employees of Manto. Hmm.. Manto played it really safe here ;)

Option A
_________________

One Kudos for an everlasting piece of knowledge is not a bad deal at all... :thanks

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.
-Mark Twain

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Feb 2015
Posts: 52
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 630 Q42 V34
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2016, 08:32
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

please help me understand why the above reasoning for B is wrong??
thanks
Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 603
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2016, 21:32
deepak268 wrote:
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

please help me understand why the above reasoning for B is wrong??
thanks


We have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee.

Your restaurant ( that is not making a lot of profit) is changing its menu from Chinese cuisine to Italian Cuisine. Half of your current chefs are Chinese and don't know how to make Italian cuisine. What is the most possible outcome. YOU MAY FIRE ALL THOSE CHINESE CHEFS BECAUSE A CHINESE CHEF HAS NO USE IN AN ITALIAN RESTAURANT.
Do the remaining italian chef need training. NO- they already know how to make Italian food.

Similarly some of the employee knows how to make model Z (Chinee food ) but they don't know how to make model TX (Italian). Now your contact is to make model TX.(restaurant to make Italian only) . Isn't there a high probability that those who don't know model Z will be fired.
Do you need to HIRE trainers. NO - because your other employees know how to make MODEL -TX. EVEN IF A TRAINER IS NEEDED, ONE OF THESE EMPLOYEES CAN BE MADE A TEMPORARY SUPERVISOR AND TRAINER

TO WEAKEN THE CONCLUSION WE HAVE TO SHOW MANTO AIRLINE WILL NOT FIRE THE EMPLOYEES.

B STILL HAS A POSSIBILITY OF FIRING.


Therefore B is not correct
_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3188
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jan 2017, 19:53
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – closing this request.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 473
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2017, 15:18
I Support A since the workers requried for the manufacturing of the planes are also hired from the outside partiesand may vary on the type of plane manufactured.
Retired Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 564
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Premium Member
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2017, 23:24
A. Since they outsource the work for a particular (more expensive) model type, there is no need to lay off workers.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 06 Jun 2013
Posts: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Tuck
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2017, 11:54
we need to weaken the conclusion by stating that there will not be any layoff.
Option A weakens the conclusion by stating that manufacturing work is outsourced for model Z. so there will not be any impact on workers, who are involved in the manufacturing of model TX.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jan 2017
Posts: 58
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2017, 07:23
reply2spg wrote:
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

E. A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life

not satisfied with OA.....wht would be the OA


Hi

I understand "A" is the correct answer, but what is wrong with "C"?
Since the company has already taken price for maintenance for 5 years, they would need workers and hence would not lay them off.
Senior CR Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Long way to go!
Joined: 10 Oct 2016
Posts: 1394
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2017, 08:45
ravi11 wrote:
reply2spg wrote:
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

E. A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life

not satisfied with OA.....wht would be the OA


Hi

I understand "A" is the correct answer, but what is wrong with "C"?
Since the company has already taken price for maintenance for 5 years, they would need workers and hence would not lay them off.


You could have a look at this post
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-shortage-o ... l#p1698142
_________________

Actual LSAT CR bank by Broall

How to solve quadratic equations - Factor quadratic equations
Factor table with sign: The useful tool to solve polynomial inequalities
Applying AM-GM inequality into finding extreme/absolute value

New Error Log with Timer

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Jan 2017
Posts: 367
CAT Tests
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2017, 10:59
Can this question be re-written? I am not able to distinguish what is Consolidated, 'lay' and commas-only sentences. It took a while to understand what is being said. I do understand its been already discussed with proper terminology; but it would be helpful to practice upon
Thank you :)
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 472
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
CAT Tests
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2017, 05:50
Hello Experts,

I chose A for the below reasoning. can you let me know if it is correct?

As Manto subtcontracts the work for Model Z, it would mean that manto's workforce might not know how to build model TX because the subcontracted labor always do the work for Model Z. This would mean Manto's workforce works on other models such as Model TZ. Hence there if Manto layoffs employees, it will probably affect the 20 orders for Model TX

Please let me know your thoughts. Thanks
_________________

My journey From 410 to 700 :-)
Here's my experience when I faced a glitch in my GMAT Exam
Don't do this mistake when you give your GMATPrep Mock!
NEW GMATPrep software analysis by Bunuel

SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1851
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Dec 2017, 19:29
yes, A is the answer. The question structure is really confusing.
Premise 1: shortage of orders of model TX -> conclusion 1: lay woff workers
premise 2: new orders for model TX -> conclusion 2: not lay off = against conclusion 1
premise 3: cancel orders for model Z -> conclusion 3: still lay off = against conclusion 2, but side with the conclusion 1.

weaken, no negative word, no question stem (which argument? -> probably the conclusion 3, and the only prime conclusion)
A is the answer b/c model Z uses outside workers while model TX use workers of the company -> no lay off.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 41
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2018, 20:08
Hi!The reason I crossed out option E is that E talks about the consolidated airline's fleet which could have been ordered from other manufacturers and is not related to the employee lay off at Manto. Hope it helps.

Can we have some discussion on this one?...

I am not sure why E cannot be the answer?

~M14[/color][/quote]
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts &nbs [#permalink] 02 Jan 2018, 20:08

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.