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A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts

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A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Nov 2018, 05:10
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A
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A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers, the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions, because simultaneously with its new order, consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?


(A) Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

(B) The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

(C) Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

(D) Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.

(E) A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life.

Originally posted by reply2spg on 22 Feb 2009, 12:22.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Nov 2018, 05:10, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 06:22
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The correct answer A
Explanation :-
First find the premise and conclusion :-

Premise 1) AN airline named "Consolidate airline" ordered - 20 TX MODEL JETS from another aircraft maker called "Manto"
Premise 2) But "Consolidated airline" cancelled more expensive- 20 Z SERIES JETS from Manto. (in net effect Manto lost the expensive order and got a less expensive order)
Conclusion) Less order for Manto Aircrafts airliner means Manto will have fire employee

So Now we have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee. The option that shows that Manto will not fire employees will be correct

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

Which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
Keep it for later

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX
Wrong:- So employees cannot make Model TX . But now Manto have to produce model TX because order of model Z is cancelled. And these employees cannot make Model TX. Imagine even if Manto fires these employees, it will strengthen the conclusion and not weaken it. We have to show manto will not fire employee. This option suggests Manto will fire employee. Hence Wrong

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .
Wrong:- So what, Do they tell us that series Z needed more maintenance than TX model. May be TX model requires a lot of maintainance, may be not. What is the Amount of money that MANTO receives by maintenance . None of these is mentioned in question stem.

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.
Wrong:- So MANTO is a good company and rehire workers in the future. But Do we know for sure that Manto will receive subsequent new orders and will be able to rehire the fired workers. We can't say for sure .. so this option is wrong. Also the question is about firing the workers in current time. What happens in future is irrelevant.

E. A large number of the airliners in "consolidated fleet" are at the beginning of their expected service life.
Wrong:- A large number of planes of "CONSOLIDATED AIRLINES" will start to need maintenance. OK !! so what ! How does it affects MANTO. At worst this options make us assume that maintenance work will be done by other company and not Manto and thus Manto will not gain anything. At best this options tells us that Since CONSOLIDATED AIRLINE is already buying 20 TX model jet , it might not need to maintain its old aircrafts.

BAMM.. we are done and we don't have a clear answer except A.. SO by the process of elimination we found out that A id the answer.
NOW LETS SEE HOW OPTION A CAN BE THE CORRECT ANSWER

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
RIGHT :- Since now Manto does not have to make MODeL Z. It will not heavily use subcontractors from outside. Since it will not heavily use subcontractors from outside, it will not have to pay them lot of money. Since it will not pay outside people, that lot of money will be saved, since lot of mmoney will be saved,that money might be used to pay salaries of employees. Hence Monty will not fire employees. A is correct.


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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2015, 22:07
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Hi

A is the correct answer choice because it provides the reason which if true could potentially weaken the conclusion.
Since Manto relies on more outside sub-contractors to build Model Z than to build consolidated,the cancellation of the contract for Model Z does not provide a reason to sack it own employess.

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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2016, 03:31
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This is so in line with the real world around us. Companies actually hire workers on 'contract-basis' and not as full time company employees usually for short-term projects or for projects companies are not that confident about because contractors can be easily fired (or layed-off) without affecting the attrition rate of the company. They are not their employees at first place :)

This is exactly whats happening in this argument with the option A saying- Mostly contractors (and not company's own worker) were involved in the project 'model Z'. So even if it is scrapped, its the contractors that will be jobless, not the full time employees of Manto. Hmm.. Manto played it really safe here ;)

Option A
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 07:32
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

please help me understand why the above reasoning for B is wrong??
thanks
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 20:32
deepak268 wrote:
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

please help me understand why the above reasoning for B is wrong??
thanks


We have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee.

Your restaurant ( that is not making a lot of profit) is changing its menu from Chinese cuisine to Italian Cuisine. Half of your current chefs are Chinese and don't know how to make Italian cuisine. What is the most possible outcome. YOU MAY FIRE ALL THOSE CHINESE CHEFS BECAUSE A CHINESE CHEF HAS NO USE IN AN ITALIAN RESTAURANT.
Do the remaining italian chef need training. NO- they already know how to make Italian food.

Similarly some of the employee knows how to make model Z (Chinee food ) but they don't know how to make model TX (Italian). Now your contact is to make model TX.(restaurant to make Italian only) . Isn't there a high probability that those who don't know model Z will be fired.
Do you need to HIRE trainers. NO - because your other employees know how to make MODEL -TX. EVEN IF A TRAINER IS NEEDED, ONE OF THESE EMPLOYEES CAN BE MADE A TEMPORARY SUPERVISOR AND TRAINER

TO WEAKEN THE CONCLUSION WE HAVE TO SHOW MANTO AIRLINE WILL NOT FIRE THE EMPLOYEES.

B STILL HAS A POSSIBILITY OF FIRING.


Therefore B is not correct
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2018, 19:08
Hi!The reason I crossed out option E is that E talks about the consolidated airline's fleet which could have been ordered from other manufacturers and is not related to the employee lay off at Manto. Hope it helps.

Can we have some discussion on this one?...

I am not sure why E cannot be the answer?

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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 02:17
sandman13 wrote:
Please reformat the question. Here you go:

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft’s airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay off workers. The new order that Consolidated Airlines has just made for 20 of Manto’s Model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions, because simultaneously with its new order, Consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto’s larger, more expensive Model Z jets.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does for the Model TX.

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the Model Z are not proficient at manufacturing the Model TX.

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells.

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.

E. A large number of the airliners in Consolidated’s fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life.


Prediction - Shortage of orders will lead to lay offs in Manto
Consolidated airline has ordered 20 Model TX jets.
Consolidated has cancelled its previous order of 20 Model Z jets.

Conclusion: The new order by Consolidated Airlines does not provide a reason to revise the prediction.

Basically the argument says that with the new order, nothing has changed since a previous similar order has been cancelled. So people will still be laid off. We need to weaken this.

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does for the Model TX.
This says that making Model Tx is different from making Model Z. Model Z needs more outside subcontractors while Model TX uses more in-house workforce. In we need to make Model Tis now, we will need the in-house workforce and hence lay offs may not happen.
This does weaken our conclusion. The new order may provide a reason for revision of the prediction.

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the Model Z are not proficient at manufacturing the Model TX.

This gives us a reason why some current workforce may be laid off (and new people hired or subcontractors used). Hence it does not weaken our conclusion.

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells.

Irrelevant.

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.

Again, irrelevant. Will it lay off now or not is the question. Whether it will re-hire, is not relevant.

E. A large number of the airliners in Consolidated’s fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life.

Manto has got an order from Consolidated. Whether there will be more orders or not from Consolidated is irrelevant. We only have to judge the impact of this new order and cancelling of the old on our prediction.
If Consolidated's fleet is new and it is unlikely to give more orders, it doesn't matter. Manto can get orders from other airlines.
If Consolidated's fleet is old and it is likely to buy new planes, it again doesn't matter, It could buy from someone other than Manto.
All in all, the situation of Consolidated's fleet is irrelevant.

Answer (A)
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2018, 05:03
Kezia9 wrote:
Hi!The reason I crossed out option E is that E talks about the consolidated airline's fleet which could have been ordered from other manufacturers and is not related to the employee lay off at Manto. Hope it helps.

Can we have some discussion on this one?...

I am not sure why E cannot be the answer?

~M14[/color]
[/quote]

Maintenance can be done by some other company apart from Manto. Hence, Manto should still lose its employees.
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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts &nbs [#permalink] 09 Nov 2018, 05:03
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