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According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti

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According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.


A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are



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New post Updated on: 07 May 2019, 12:56
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Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a look at this question, one issue at a time, and figure out which option is correct.

According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as
B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them
C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than
D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

After doing a quick scan over the options, there are a couple glaring differences between each option than we can focus on:

1. How they begin: “…retirees in the United States…” vs. “…it is four times more likely…”
2. How they end: “as” / “as it is” / “than” / “than they are” / “as they are”


Since #1 on our list will knock out 2-3 options immediately, let’s start by figuring out how the phrase should start. Right away, we notice that options D and E use vague pronouns:

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

What is "it" referring to here? We don't know - and that is a MAJOR problem. All pronouns need clear antecedents! Options D and E can be tossed out as INCORRECT because they include pronouns without antecedents.

That leaves us with options A, B, and C. Let’s take a closer look at how each option ends. Each one needs to use parallel structure and follow idiomatic rules, so let’s focus on how well each accomplishes these tasks:

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

This is INCORRECT because it doesn’t follow the proper idiomatic structure “more likely to X than Y.” It says "more likely to X as Y," which is wrong.

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

This is INCORRECT because of pronoun agreement issues. The singular pronoun “it” is referring back to the plural “retirees,” which doesn’t match up in number.

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

This is CORRECT because it uses the correct idiomatic structure “X is more likely to…than Y.” Also, all pronouns are in agreement!


There you go - option C is the right answer!


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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 23 Jun 2018, 21:32.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 07 May 2019, 12:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 03:21
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Answer C.

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than - Correct

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are


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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 04:10
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According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.

Correct Usage - more X than Y. X and Y should be parallel.

A. retirees in the United States are four times morelikely to give regular financial aid to their children as -> Incorrect

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

as it is for them to receive it from them. Illogical construction - Incorrect

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

more to give than to receive. This is correct and logical conclusion.

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
four times more for retirees than they are..... Illogical comparison. Incorrect.

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are
Here again it is illogical comparison. Incorrect.

Hence Ans - C
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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 15:15
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EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a look at this question, one issue at a time, and figure out which option is correct.

According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as
B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them
C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than
D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

After doing a quick scan over the options, there are a couple glaring differences between each option than we can focus on:

1. How they begin: “…retirees in the United States…” vs. “…it is four times more likely…”
2. How they end: “as” / “as it is” / “than” / “than they are” / “as they are”

Since #1 on our list will knock out 2-3 options immediately, let’s start by figuring out how the phrase should start. Right away, we notice that options D and E use vague pronouns:

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

What is "it" referring to here? We don't know - and that is a MAJOR problem. All pronouns need clear antecedents! Options D and E can be tossed out as INCORRECT because they include pronouns without antecedents.

That leaves us with options A, B, and C. Let’s take a closer look at how each option ends. Each one needs to use parallel structure and follow idiomatic rules, so let’s focus on how well each accomplishes these tasks:

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

This is INCORRECT because it doesn’t follow the proper idiomatic structure “more likely to X than Y.” It says "more likely to X as Y," which is wrong.

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

This is INCORRECT because of pronoun agreement issues. The singular pronoun “it” is referring back to the plural “retirees,” which doesn’t match up in number.

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

This is CORRECT because it uses the correct idiomatic structure “X is more likely to…than Y.” Also, all pronouns are in agreement!


There you go - option C is the right answer!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Thank you EMPOWERgmatVerbal , my question is : do we have an idiom "four times as likely" (not "four times MORE likely") , as in the answer B? Can we just leave B because of this wrong idiom?
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According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 15:00
In Manhattan SC book Chapter 11, the author mentioned that " times should be followed by as ... as rather than more". The example it gives is " right: The man is 5 times as old as his grandson vs wrong: The man is 5 times older than his grandson". I am confused now because the correct sentence here combines times with more. Obviously, the OG answer is definitely correct. should I ignore the statement in Manhattan SC book or is there a better way to interpret that statement (times should go with "as.. as.. "and shouldn't go with "more"?)
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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 00:40
yangfrank wrote:
In Manhattan SC book Chapter 11, the author mentioned that " times should be followed by as ... as rather than more". The example it gives is " right: The man is 5 times as old as his grandson vs wrong: The man is 5 times older than his grandson". I am confused now because the correct sentence here combines times with more. Obviously, the OG answer is definitely correct. should I ignore the statement in Manhattan SC book or is there a better way to interpret that statement (times should go with "as.. as.. "and shouldn't go with "more"?)


I have the same question with yangfrank. Besides, it's not incorrect to say "it's likely that .." The Pronounce usage of "It" is correct, I think. If not, experts, please help to explain why.

Thanks
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New post 09 Dec 2018, 16:39
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Correct idiom is "more x than y" or "as likely as"

Must maintain parallelism throughout.

According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.
A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as (should be than)

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them (Correct idiom but this isn't parallel).

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than (to receive it from them)

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are (should be "than it is")

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they (should be "as it is") are
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New post 09 Dec 2018, 16:43
kencool wrote:
yangfrank wrote:
In Manhattan SC book Chapter 11, the author mentioned that " times should be followed by as ... as rather than more". The example it gives is " right: The man is 5 times as old as his grandson vs wrong: The man is 5 times older than his grandson". I am confused now because the correct sentence here combines times with more. Obviously, the OG answer is definitely correct. should I ignore the statement in Manhattan SC book or is there a better way to interpret that statement (times should go with "as.. as.. "and shouldn't go with "more"?)


I have the same question with yangfrank. Besides, it's not incorrect to say "it's likely that .." The Pronounce usage of "It" is correct, I think. If not, experts, please help to explain why.

Thanks


Think about it mathematically.
Say the grandson's age is 10 years old.

5 times as old means 5x10 years as old = 50 years old

5 times older than means (to me at least) = 10 + 5*10 = 60
Work backwards to verify:
(60-10)/10
= 50/10
= 5 ...

See the difference more clearly?

So I believe both are correct, but it depends on the context.
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New post 16 Dec 2018, 04:07
Bunuel wrote:
According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.


A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are



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I see that IT placeholder is wrong. What cases is it right then?
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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:52
A. Incorrect
B. Illogical construction - Incorrect
C. This is correct and logical conclusion.
D. Illogical comparison. Incorrect.
E. Illogical comparison. Incorrect.Hence (c).
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New post 01 Apr 2019, 09:28
According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.


A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as
UNIDIOMATIC

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them
NOT PARALLEL

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than
CONCISE, PRECISE, PARALLEL, LOGICAL, CORRECT

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
NOT PARALLEL

E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are
PREPOSITION PHRASE AND NOUN PHRASE NOT PARALLEL, ALSO "THEY" CAN REFER TO UNITED STATES, CHILDREN AND RETIREES; INTERESTING TURN OF EVENTS, NO?
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New post 28 Jul 2019, 10:06
I saw in another post someone said that if there is a multiple (x times) we should not use more or less. Is it true for this sentence?
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New post 28 Jul 2019, 10:08
fudetra wrote:
I saw in another post someone said that if there is a multiple (x times) we should not use more or less. Is it true for this sentence?

Check my solution just above your posts for a detailed explanation. To answer your question, no, it is countable v non countable. Check for that. You'll be good to go
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New post 31 Jul 2019, 17:42
septwibowo wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a look at this question, one issue at a time, and figure out which option is correct.

According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as to receive it from them.

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as
B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them
C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than
D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

After doing a quick scan over the options, there are a couple glaring differences between each option than we can focus on:

1. How they begin: “…retirees in the United States…” vs. “…it is four times more likely…”
2. How they end: “as” / “as it is” / “than” / “than they are” / “as they are”

Since #1 on our list will knock out 2-3 options immediately, let’s start by figuring out how the phrase should start. Right away, we notice that options D and E use vague pronouns:

D. it is four times more likely for retirees in the United States to give regular financial aid to their children than they are
E. it is four times as likely that retirees in the United States will give their children regular financial aid as they are

What is "it" referring to here? We don't know - and that is a MAJOR problem. All pronouns need clear antecedents! Options D and E can be tossed out as INCORRECT because they include pronouns without antecedents.

That leaves us with options A, B, and C. Let’s take a closer look at how each option ends. Each one needs to use parallel structure and follow idiomatic rules, so let’s focus on how well each accomplishes these tasks:

A. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children as

This is INCORRECT because it doesn’t follow the proper idiomatic structure “more likely to X than Y.” It says "more likely to X as Y," which is wrong.

B. retirees in the United States are four times as likely to give regular financial aid to their children as it is for them

This is INCORRECT because of pronoun agreement issues. The singular pronoun “it” is referring back to the plural “retirees,” which doesn’t match up in number.

C. retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

This is CORRECT because it uses the correct idiomatic structure “X is more likely to…than Y.” Also, all pronouns are in agreement!


There you go - option C is the right answer!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Thank you EMPOWERgmatVerbal , my question is : do we have an idiom "four times as likely" (not "four times MORE likely") , as in the answer B? Can we just leave B because of this wrong idiom?


Hello septwibowo!

You could absolutely rule out option B because the phrase "4 times as likely" doesn't make sense here. Good catch! Often with the incorrect options, there are multiple problems you can easily spot, depending on which grammar rules you're most familiar with. I saw the pronoun-antecedent agreement problem first, but you saw the idiom problem - and that's okay! As long as you come to the correct choice, HOW you do it isn't an issue. :) :thumbup:

I hope that helps!
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New post 02 Aug 2019, 01:33
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+1 for C

retirees in the United States are four times more likely to give regular financial aid to their children than

This is CORRECT because it uses the correct idiomatic structure “X is more likely to…than Y.” Additionally, all pronouns agree with the subject.
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New post 12 Oct 2019, 04:07
Hi EMPOWERgmatVerbal
in options D and E "it" can act as a placeholder noun right?
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Re: According to a recent study, retirees in the United States are four ti   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2019, 04:07
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