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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp

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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2019, 09:14
I came across with this second question about the same passage, and here we go:

According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

Which of the following, if true, would provide the authority with the strongest counter to the objection that its plan is unfair?

(A) Even with the proposed toll increase, the average bridge toll in the tristate region would remain less than the trolls changed in neighboring states.

(B) An attempt to finance the improvements by raising rail fares would result in a decrease in ridership and so would be self-defeating.

(C) Automobile commuters benefit from well-maintained bridges, and in the tristate region bridge maintenance is funded out of general income ta revenues to which both automobile and rail commuters contribute.

(D) The roads along the route served by the rail line and highly congested and drivers benefit when commuters are diverted from congested roadways to mass transit.

(E) The only alternative way of funding the proposed improvements now being considered is through a regional income tax surcharge, which would affect automobile commuters and rail commuters alike.

I don not have any official answer for this one so I leave the rest to verbal experts.
:) Don't panic and keep on studying! ;)
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 06:21
kanthaliya wrote:
VeritasKarishma wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…


"would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan...?"

We need to find a reason the plan will not be effective i.e. a reason why once the plan is brought into action, it will fail to provide the required collection. Taking small numbers, say if 100 people cross that bridge everyday and if the toll is increased by $20, the plan expects to collect $2000 per day for the rail line improvements.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

If many people switch their routes, the toll collected will not be according to expectations. Hence the plan may not be effective.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

The authority has proposed this plan. We are not concerned with who is supporting it and who is opposing it. What we need to do is find why the plan may not work once it is brought into action. A reason why it may not be effective. We are not concerned with whether it will actually be brought into action.



Hi Karishma,

Option D says almost 20% will switch. But the revenue will be generated by rest 80%. this may result in the decreased rate of the progress, but certainly can't stop.
So option C and D looks alike to me.
Please help me know my error in reasoning.


Correct choice will cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan.... Let's see~

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised. [No tie to the arguement]


(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines. [Yes.. maybe the authority has to pay from its pocket, but we are concerned about raising funds from people's(the ones using the tolls) pocket]

(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase. [They may buy as much as they want, but in the stem the author says its for 5 yrs.. So, ask urself will they do that for 5yrs(so long) and stall the process indefinitely??(I don't think so!); Also, its given many commuters(which means >2 ,and not most which means >50%) compare it with 20% of choice D]

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.[Bingo! maybe like last time, this time as well people can switch to another route.. thus, the toll collection will be affected and thus, conclusion gets hurt!!]


(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase. [Ok fine! but we were to cast doubt on the authority's plan by making people pay more for toll and this amount is gonna be diverted towards rail improvement. So, Chairman can go to hell !!]

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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2019, 10:15
Premise: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically.

Premise: The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves.

Counter Premise Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed,

Conclusion: …the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected

Premise: …. because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

How does the author feel about the proposal? Sounds like he agrees that improved are “needed” BUT “should be rejected”. Why? Because it’s unfair. And drivers shouldn’t have to pay for things they don’t get benefit for. Sounds like a pretty logical argument. We’re basically looking for an answer that tell us that there’s an obstacle that would stop the authority’s ability to get funds from the tolls. Maybe people won’t use the bridge anymore because they don’t want to pay?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
This is trying to tell us that we must give public a voice first…this doesn’t affect the conclusion. Even if this were true, the public hearings would just lengthen the time needed to execute the increased bridge tolls. Longer period doesn’t equate to lack of “effectiveness to finance”!

(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
Hm, if we increase tolls authority has to pay contractor to adjust machines. This would eat into the cost…. to be correct, the author would have to present information that adjusting the cost of tolls is WAY higher than the tolls can make up in return. Affects implementation, not getting funding.

(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
If all the commuters buy more tokens, it’ll take way longer than 5 years to get the funding…doesn’t mean the plan won’t be effective. Also we’re talking about TOLLS, not tokens.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
If the tolls cause people to switch routes, then we have a problem! Hence, they’ll be collecting way less than expecting.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.
Does the chairman’s authority affect the effectiveness of the proposal to get funding from tolls? No.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 23:30
AjiteshArun Can't we infer from option C that authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years may take more than 5 years because many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 21:06
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Bishal123456789 wrote:
AjiteshArun Can't we infer from option C that authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years may take more than 5 years because many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase?
Perhaps, but just how many tokens are commuters likely to buy?

Keep in mind that we need to mark the best option out of the 5 given to us. Option D does far more damage to the plan than option C does.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 03:26
hi,
i agree that option d is correct, but it is suggesting something that happened in past.
how can we be sure that same will occur this time. Please throw some light on how to deal
with such options.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 19:09
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Priyanka2018 wrote:
hi,
i agree that option d is correct, but it is suggesting something that happened in past.
how can we be sure that same will occur this time. Please throw some light on how to deal
with such options.

We don't have to be SURE about anything! The questions asks, "Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?"

The example described in (D) suggests that something similar could happen if bridge tolls are raised again. The fact that this might happen is enough to cast doubt on the plan.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 05:26
VeritasKarishma wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)


Hi Karishma,

But neither C nor D mention that the toll increase hasn't accounted for such factor in the increase.

I went with C because there is an element of uncertainty here while D was very clear that this is amount of decrease expected and therefore, a possibility of prediction could have been accounted for in the toll increase

Thanks,
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2020, 22:02
1
Please any one help:
I chose C.
D: Lost 20% doesn't mean that total revenue lost. And 'last time" doesn't mean that it happens again "this time".
There are many concern about D.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 17:43
DavidDinh wrote:
Please any one help:
I chose C.
D: Lost 20% doesn't mean that total revenue lost. And 'last time" doesn't mean that it happens again "this time".
There are many concern about D.

Quote:
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.

As VeritasKarishma has pointed out, postponing the effects of a toll increase does not negate those effects.

In addition, Choice (C) does not provide any information regarding the amount of time between announcing a toll increase and implementing the increase. It's possible that the Tristate Transportation Authority could simply shorten the amount of time between announcement and implementation, thus minimizing the amount of toll fare that is lost due to commuters buying more tokens than usual.

If (C) were true, the Authority's financing plan may not be fully realized in the optimal amount of time. But the plan is still ultimately effective, and leaves us little to no reason to doubt it.

Now let's compare this to the impact of Choice (D):

Quote:
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

As I've mentioned earlier, we should select the answer choice that casts more doubt on the effectiveness of this financing plan than any other answer choice. So if you're going to challenge choice (D), you have to explain how it casts LESS doubt than EVERY other answer choice.

  • This is not the same as PROVING that 20% of bridge commuters account for 20% of revenue. We know that 1 of 5 paying commuters took a different route, which logically would result in some loss of toll revenue for that bridge. Even if we don't know the degree of loss, we know that loss of revenue is possible, and that's sufficient to cast doubt on the financing plan.
  • This is also not the same as PROVING that bridge commuters will definitely behave the same way in this particular. We know that commuters switched to the alternate route before any improvements to that route were made; this further narrows down the cause of this change to the bridge toll itself. This raises our expectation that increasing tolls in the future could lead to similar behavior, and this is sufficient to cast doubt on the financing plan.

And again, the doubts raised by (D) are greater than anything else raised by the other 4 answer choices. That's why we keep (D) and move on.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2020, 17:43

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