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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions

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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 10:50
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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.
A. with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

B. with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

C. and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

D. and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

E. and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Confused between A, B, E..."to produce" sounds better but I am not sure which one is better in this case: "and" or "with".

Kudos [?]: 144 [0], given: 0

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Re: SC1000: Q56 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:05
D.

At first it appears that there are more than 2 items in the chemical reaction and "between" would be incorrect, but upon closer inspection, the reaction is between just two things..1) industrial emissions and 2) water vapor.

Because there are 2 things here, "with" is incorrect regardless of how it is used. A & B are out.


balboa wrote:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.
A. with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acidsout because of the use of "with"
B. with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids
out because of the use of "with"
C. and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids
Out because the subject used to determine "has" or "have" is reactions. At the point of the sentence where "which have" or "which has" is used, we are still modifying "chemical reactions". Because "reactions" is plural, we need to use "have" as in "reactions have produced.
D. and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive
Because "reactions" is plural, we need to use "have" as in "reactions have produced.
E. and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids
"to produce" is not correct. We're still modifying "chemical reactions". Look at this written out completely but stripped down to only the necessary parts (remove adjectives and adverbs):

Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

We don't really even need "between industrial emissions and atmospheric water vapor" because this just modifies "chemical reactions". So

Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

"to produce" is incorrect here. The chemical reactions do something, they produce highly corrosive acid. The proper form would be "chemical reactions produce highly..." or "chemical reactions which produce..."


Confused between A, B, E..."to produce" sounds better but I am not sure which one is better in this case: "and" or "with".

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Re: SC1000: Q56 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:10
OA is E.

"to produce" I think is correct. Your explanation for the usage of "between" makes perfect sense otherwise if it was more than 2 things being compared, "among" should have been used. Thanks!

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Re: SC1000: Q56 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2008, 11:14
balboa wrote:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.
A. with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

B. with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

C. and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

D. and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

E. and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Confused between A, B, E..."to produce" sounds better but I am not sure which one is better in this case: "and" or "with".



between X and Y
A, B are out.

E looks better for me.

chemical reactions between X and Y to produce Z.

Sounds perfect to..me...

What is OA.
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Re: SC1000: Q56   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2008, 11:14
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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions

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