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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method

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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

(A) Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
(B) Private health insurance will no longer be available.
(C) Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
(D) Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
(E) The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.

Originally posted by gmatnub on 29 Jun 2008, 18:10.
Last edited by hazelnut on 27 Aug 2017, 00:17, edited 2 times in total.
Topic Renamed - Please use the first sentence of the question to name the topic
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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2015, 01:07
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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

A. Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
B. Private health insurance will no longer be available.
C. Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
D. Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
E. The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.


OE:



The passage states that health savings accounts will undermine the health of the public because people will not use them for preventive care. Furthermore, people who cannot afford them will not be able to receive even basic care such as vaccinations. The correct answer will be a conclusion that can be supported solely by the facts stated in the argument, without relying on outside information or additional assumptions.

(A) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts. The argument never specifically mentions wealthy individuals, just people in general.

(B) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that private health insurance will no longer be available. In fact, private health insurance is never mentioned.

(C) The author argues that people will not get regular preventive examinations, and will therefore not receive medical attention until diseases are advanced. This logic, even if true, does not allow us to conclude that most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.

(D) CORRECT. The argument states that "poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations". Based on this statement, it is reasonable to conclude that some people without health savings are likely to contract infectious diseases.

(E) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that the causal relationship between an individual's health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented. In fact, neither the link between medical care and health nor documentation of such a link is directly discussed.
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2008, 18:22
1
IMO D.
passage says "poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases"
Maybe likely that Some of them might receive the infectious disease.
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2010, 12:48
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OA: D

This is an inference question, the correct answer choice will be based only on facts stated in the stimulus. We should not infer too much.

a) Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts. While the argument talks about poor people, it does not necessarily differentiate between average and wealthy - OUT OF SCOPE
b) Private health insurance will no longer be available. Never talks about private health insurance - OUT OF SCOPE
c) Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations. The argument says that if no preventive test are run, some serious illness will not be detected early enough, but we cannot infer with this information that most disease are detected during regular regular preventive examinations - TOO STRONG
d) Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases. The argument states that poor people will not have a health savings account and will not get vaccinations against infectious diseases, therefore SOME people are likely to contract infectious diseases as they are not protected against it - CORRECT ANSWER
e) The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented. Never refers to documentation of one's medical care - OUT OF SCOPE
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2013, 06:41
Hi,

Need expert's attention:

The conclusion states that widespread adoption will undermine public health. However, how is the 2nd premise(poor people not being able to afford health savings accounts related to the conclusion? Not being able to afford is the opposite of adoption.

I would have been convinced if the conclusion stated that widespread dependence(instead of adoption) on health savings accounts will undermine public health.

Look forward to some explanation.



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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2013, 10:51
Hi Argha,

Interesting question you raise, and not sure if I qualify as expert, but this is what I think:

The key is that widespread does not mean all

The second premise (about the poor people being unable to afford vacinations) is still valid, because as more (wealthy) people pay into their own savings accounts, rather than the alternative (public health care), then there is less money to cover the poor.

So many people taking up (widespread) will affect those unable to pay themselves.

So it all works...

Does that make sense...

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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2013, 20:18
Quote:
Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.


Type: inference

Claim (later disputed): Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses.
Conclusion: Widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health.
Premise 1: Most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced.
Premise 2: Poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

(A) Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
(B) Private health insurance will no longer be available.
(C) Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
(D) Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
(E) The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.

I chose D because it is supported by the argument, which states: "Either because they will not want to use their account, or they cannot afford it, many people will not take preventative exams or vaccinations. Both preventative exams and vaccinations help stop illnesses from occurring. Thus, public health is undermined."

Most people seem torn between C and D.

I believe C is incorrect because it is making an unwarranted assumption, like many before me have stated -- nothing in the argument tells us that most diseases are detected during preventative examinations, just that many serious illnesses may go undetected. Even if C said "most serious illnesses are detected during exams", it would still be an assumption.

argha wrote:
The conclusion states that widespread adoption will undermine public health. However, how is the 2nd premise(poor people not being able to afford health savings accounts related to the conclusion? Not being able to afford is the opposite of adoption. I would have been convinced if the conclusion stated that widespread dependence(instead of adoption) on health savings accounts will undermine public health. Look forward to some explanation...
However, my objection still remains valid. Wealthy people paying into their own savings accounts, rather than the alternative (public health care) thereby making it less difficult to cover the poor(then there is less money to cover the poor) seems too far fetched and out of scope(strictly IMO).

If you don't mind me commenting: I agree with you. We cannot infer about what wealthy people are doing and how that affects others. Nothing in the argument sheds light on this.

The argument is just saying "adoption" to mean that many places will now use this type of health provision, and thus, people will end up using it. I don't think it means to say that people will be adopting it, as if they are choosing to; just that it will be adopted, and many people will end up having to use it -- we must accept that people are using the account (regardless of adoption or dependance), simply because this is given in the argument.

The 2nd premise is used to support the conclusion to say that if this account is adopted, then poor people will not be able to afford it, and thus, cannot pay for vaccinations -- if they cannot be vaccinated, they are more susceptible to disease, and thus, public health has been undermined in this way. Why poor people cannot afford it is not stated; all we know is that many people will have trouble financing medical procedures based on the way this account works. Hope that clears things up!
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2014, 00:25
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gmatnub wrote:
Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

(A) Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
(B) Private health insurance will no longer be available.
(C) Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
(D) Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
(E) The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.


Between C and D. C is wrong because it is said a serious illness will go undetected without preventive exams, it does not necessarily infer that most diseases ( regular not serious illness) will be detected during those exams. Causation: not A --> not B , we cannot assume A --> B
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2015, 01:52
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Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

A. Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
B. Private health insurance will no longer be available.
C. Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
D. Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
E. The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.

Most support is indicating of inference question, something that must be true from the given passage
A> No mention of wealthy individuals. So out of scope answer
B> Cannot comment on private health insurance as no information is given about it. So out of scope answer.
C> Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examination.
Mentioned that in many cases a serious illness wil go undetected until it is far advanced. Many cases doesnot justifies the statement related to most diseases, hence this option is discarded.
D>Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious disease.
Mentioned that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious disease.
States that poor people will not be able to afford health savings account==>> hence not receive vaccinations against infectious disease==>> likely to contract infectious disease
Correct
E>The casual relationship has been properly documented: This cannot be verified through the information present in the passage
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 10:51
OA:

The passage states that health savings accounts will undermine the health of the public because people will not use them for preventive care. Furthermore, people who cannot afford them will not be able to receive even basic care such as vaccinations. The correct answer will be a conclusion that can be supported solely by the facts stated in the argument, without relying on outside information or additional assumptions.

(A) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts. The argument never specifically mentions wealthy individuals, just people in general.

(B) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that private health insurance will no longer be available. In fact, private health insurance is never mentioned.

(C) The author argues that people will not get regular preventive examinations, and will therefore not receive medical attention until diseases are advanced. This logic, even if true, does not allow us to conclude that most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.

(D) CORRECT. The argument states that "poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations". Based on this statement, it is reasonable to conclude that some people without health savings are likely to contract infectious diseases.

(E) The argument does not provide enough information to conclude that the causal relationship between an individual's health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented. In fact, neither the link between medical care and health nor documentation of such a link is directly discussed.
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 04:37
Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

Type - Inference

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

A. Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts. - May be true but need not be true
B. Private health insurance will no longer be available. - Out of scope
C. Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations. - Most is too strong a word here . At least one or some will be better
D. Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases. - poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.
E. The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented. - Irrelevant

Answer D
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2018, 19:11
this is a rare inference question, because the question has the argument structure.
Except D, all options are out of scope, and D quite connects with the argument.
"reluctant to deplete their (saving) accounts for their medical expenses" = no saving accounts in D
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2018, 19:15
[quote="alpha_plus_gamma"][quote="gmatnub"]Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method to reduce medical expenses. However, widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health. One reason for this is that most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations, so that in many cases a serious illness will go undetected until it is far advanced. Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases.

The statements above, if true, most support which of the following?

a) Wealthy individuals will not be affected negatively by health savings accounts.
("most people will be reluctant to deplete their accounts to pay for regular preventive examinations" : points to the fact that this claim is not true)

b) Private health insurance will no longer be available.
("widespread adoption of these accounts will soon undermine the public’s health": this makes the claim in b false)

c) Most diseases are detected during regular preventive examinations.
Thugh passage states that "in many cases a serious illness will go undetected" it does not support this as a fact

d) Some people without health savings accounts are likely to contract infectious diseases.
Another reason is that poor people, who will not be able to afford health savings accounts, will no longer receive vaccinations against infectious diseases. Sounds correct .

e) The causal relationship between an individual’s health and that person’s medical care has been adequately documented.
(I think this is out of scope for the passage)


Hi,

I eliminated C as I felt it was extreme....Most diseases....Is my reasonong correct???
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Re: Advocates insist that health savings accounts are an efficient method &nbs [#permalink] 25 Feb 2018, 19:15
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