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After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the

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After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 19:12
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A
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D
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 12
Page: 639

After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down

(B) Following a gradual declension down

(C) After gradual declining down

(D) After gradually declining

(E) Following gradually declining

Originally posted by sirrock on 24 Oct 2008, 02:20.
Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Nov 2017, 19:12, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2008, 04:00
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sirrock wrote:
After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down
(B) Following a gradual declension down
(C) After gradual declining down
(D) After gradually declining
(E) Following gradually declining

gradual declining seems to be best for me but not exist in the answer sheet.
gradually declining is little bit awkawrd so can someone explain?


First, we can eliminate options A,B and C declining down/ declension down is redundant usage. decline means down.

Following gradually declining in option E is wrong usage.

So that leaves us with D.

------------------------------------------------

gradual declining is wrong .. because "gradual" is an adjective and it cannot modify verb "declining".
"gradually" is the adverb and it can correctly modify the verb "declining".

Hope this helps :)
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2008, 04:16
Declension and decline are not the same thing.

I'm going with D.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2008, 23:30
After gradual declension down [/u]to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down - Redundant
(B) Following a gradual declension down - Redundant
(C) After gradual declining down- Redundant
(D) After gradually declining - IMO D
(E) Following gradually declining - doesnt fit into the original sentence, which says:"......has steadily increased to the point...." doesn't go with following
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After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Jul 2016, 11:28
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After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down
(B) Following a gradual declension down
(C) After gradual declining down
(D) After gradually declining
(E) Following gradually declining

in og 11th, the explanation for E says "phrase must be introduced by a preposition(after), not a participle (following)"

can anyone explain in detail about choice E compared to D? I do not even understand what the answer choice intends.

Originally posted by lys8207 on 20 Jan 2010, 19:09.
Last edited by Abhishek009 on 03 Jul 2016, 11:28, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2010, 03:34
lys8207 wrote:
After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down
(B) Following a gradual declension down
(C) After gradual declining down
(D) After gradually declining
(E) Following gradually declining

in og 11th, the explanation for E says "phrase must be introduced by a preposition(after), not a participle (following)"

can anyone explain in detail about choice E compared to D? I do not even understand what the answer choice intends.



following is a participle that modifies the workweek in the United states. This seems to indicate that the workweek followed sth.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2010, 21:46
this is pretty clearly D... you have a similar question in OG11
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 08:27
D.. Declining down is wordy.. that leaves us with D and E. and D is a way better choice than E..
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 09:06
It should be D .
Declining itself converys the meaning so no need of another word down there!
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2010, 10:57
(A) After gradual declension down
(B) Following a gradual declension down
(C) After gradual declining down
(D) After gradually declining
(E) Following gradually declining

You can rule out A, B & C for redundant expression. Both declension and declining don't need directional word down.

E would have been better if it was written, 'following a gradual declension', but 'Following gradually declining to about 39 hours in 1970' sounds very awkward.

D is the best choice.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Nov 2010, 10:52
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Sirrock-

Just a quick note about your comment below:

"gradual declining seems to be best for me but not exist in the answer sheet."

A common error on SC is looking for your ideal answer. The GMAT will rarely give you your ideal answer as a choice. As a result, we need to focus on figuring out why four answer choices are wrong rather than searching for our correct answer. If you understand the other comments about why the other answers are wrong, you're in great shape. If you don't, go ahead and reply and we'll work through them together.

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Originally posted by BKimball on 18 Nov 2010, 16:20.
Last edited by BKimball on 21 Nov 2010, 10:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2015, 11:17
I understand D is correct , but I could not understand what is wrong in E
Following in E ,I believe is working as a preposition in this sentence.

Anybody

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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 04:40
mikeCoolBoy

declension down redundant
ABC out

(D) After gradually declining
(E) Following gradually declining

Can I choose D saying, After is preferred to Following?
Both mean the same no??
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 05:59
What is the OA? Is it really E? For me E sound awkward. I think that gerund can't be after adverb). Looks like D is correct
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 11:29
Konstantin1983 wrote:
What is the OA? Is it really E? For me E sound awkward. I think that gerund can't be after adverb). Looks like D is correct


UPdated OA , correct answer is indeed (D), here is more discussion on the topic -

after-gradual-declension-down-to-about-39-hours-in-1970-the-72013.html
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2017, 20:15
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After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the workweek in the United States has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

(A) After gradual declension down
-Redundunt - Declension means decline, which means moving down.

(B) Following a gradual declension down
- Same as A

(C) After gradual declining down
Same as A & B

(D) After gradually declining
Gradually- Adverb, declining- Verb, adverb modifies verb - Correct

(E) Following gradually declining
Following used as Noun ing.
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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the  [#permalink]

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Re: After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the &nbs [#permalink] 21 Sep 2018, 10:46
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