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# Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after

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sobby wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja
Need little clarification here
Verb-ing modifiers must make sense with the subject , but here Ruben itself is not causing the deterioration in grade rather deterioration is due to painting classes

sobby

You right that Verb-ing modifiers must make sense with the subject but it also modifies the action of that same subject in the previous clause.

Here Ruben had painting classes and that action is being modified by verb-ing modifier causing.
https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/sen ... ers-gmat-1

Originally posted by techiesam on 14 Jan 2018, 08:33.
Last edited by techiesam on 14 Jan 2018, 08:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after [#permalink]
sobby wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja
Need little clarification here
Verb-ing modifiers must make sense with the subject , but here Ruben itself is not causing the deterioration in grade rather deterioration is due to painting classes

Imo, Verb-ing is modifying clause here not Ruben.
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Re: Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after [#permalink]
devikeerthansr wrote:
Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after college, which caused his grades to drop drastically.

A which caused his grades to drop drastically
B causing his grades to drop drastically.
C causing his grades, which dropped drastically.
D which caused a drastic drop in his grades.
E which, causing his grades to drop drastically.

Source: Crackverbal

comma + ing = Modifies the previous clause

Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after [#permalink]
sobby wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja
Need little clarification here
Verb-ing modifiers must make sense with the subject , but here Ruben itself is not causing the deterioration in grade rather deterioration is due to painting classes

V-ing modifier modifies subject as well it also describes results..

Here because of painting classes daily result is his grades drops....so correct answer is b.

Sent from my BND-AL10 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Re: Almost throughout his freshman year, Ruben had painting classes after [#permalink]
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