GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 26 Aug 2019, 02:35

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Jun 2011
Posts: 51
Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 07 Aug 2019, 09:41
1
21
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:45) correct 49% (01:39) wrong based on 686 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.


(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills


Project SC Butler: Day 28 Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Originally posted by jitgoel on 05 Sep 2012, 06:16.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Aug 2019, 09:41, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
User avatar
V
Status: Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2018
Posts: 560
Location: Egypt
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.67
WE: Pharmaceuticals (Health Care)
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 11:27
5
2
By analyzing each statement:

(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills
This option seems ok.

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

'Although' should be followed by a noun, not a preposition 'in'; or there should be a comma (Although, in films about the American West, coyotes ... )
'depicted to be' is not idiomatic. It should be 'depicted as'.
Passive voice 'depicted' is unnecessarily used instead of the active voice.

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

'hills in films' has different meaning as if talking about certain hills in the films, not hills in general.
Passive voice 'depicted' is unnecessarily used instead of the active voice.


(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills
unnecessary comma which lead to misunderstanding as if 'mournfully howling animals' is modifying 'solitary' not the 'coyotes'

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills
'depict coyotes to be' is not idiomatic. It should be 'depict coyotes as' as in the original statement A.

so The answer could be A
_________________
Thanks for KUDOS
General Discussion
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 331
Location: San Francisco
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Sep 2012, 16:54
1
I was asked in a PM to take on just this question, which everyone here seems to have answered incorrectly:

Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.

(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills
ANSWER: Correct idiom, correct construction.

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills
PROBLEM: "Depict to be" is incorrect, even though "in films" and "in reality" are very nicely paralleled.

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West
PROBLEM: This totally wrecks the meaning. Most of you seemed to interpret this correctly (using logic from previous answer choices). One possible meaning is that "coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills WHEN THEY ARE in films about the American West". But the way this reads is that "coyotes are depicted (BY SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE, SOMETIME) as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West". See? It's as if they're depicted elsewhere as if they were in films. The modifiers here are modifying all the wrong stuff.

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills
PROBLEM: Depict "as if" is also incorrect. Also reversing "mournfully howling" is awkward (though probably not grammatically incorrect).

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills
PROBLEM: Depict "to be" is wrong.

Voila!

-tommy
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 28 May 2018
Posts: 73
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2018, 04:26
Hi Experts,
In this question , i am confused with option C. Can you please tell me why my reasoning is wrong,
In second IC , we have "these gregarious creature as a subject" so in first clause we should have " coyotes " as the subject but instead we have films as the subject
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2776
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2018, 12:25
guptakashish02 wrote:
Hi Experts,
In this question , i am confused with option C. Can you please tell me why my reasoning is wrong,
In second IC , we have "these gregarious creature as a subject" so in first clause we should have " coyotes " as the subject but instead we have films as the subject

I'm not quite sure that I understand your question, but I'll give it a shot!

Are you suggesting that in a sentence with two clauses, the subjects of the two clauses must match? If so, that certainly isn't true. There's absolutely nothing with having two different subjects of two different clauses in the same sentence.

As others have mentioned above, there are all sorts of other problems with (C). For starters, the phrase "coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films..." seems to be saying that the coyotes actually howl in the films themselves. And that's not the point: the sentence is trying to say that the films depict the coyotes as howling mournfully in general -- not that the coyotes actually howl in the films. And there's no good reason to use passive voice in (C) when there's a better, more active alternative in (A).

I hope this helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Nov 2018
Posts: 81
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.88
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 11:16
Picked A first, then changed to C. Need a logical comparison. Coyotes as X in films and coyotes as Y in reality.
Although coyotes are depicted as X in films..... in reality, coyotes are Y... For A to work, the second part of the sentence needs to add a different type of movie to make the compare/contrast appropriate. Just my thinking!
Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 08 Oct 2018
Posts: 64
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Brand Management (Health Care)
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 11:55
2
Here's my take:

generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 28 Sentence Correction (SC2)



Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.


(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills



Meaning Analysis


In films about American West, coyotes are shown as solitary animals who howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills. But in reality, they live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.

Correct Idiom


Depict "X" as "Y".

Wrong Answer elimination


Eliminate B and E as it uses incorrect idiom ("Depicted" X "to be" Y)
Eliminate D because of tense error. The non-underlined portion is in simple present tense. Option D says "as if they WERE" (simple past tense).
Also there are only 2 thoughts in option D (coyotes are solitary and mournfully howling animals) and therefore, no comma required.

Option C sounds enticing but there are 2 reasons why I am eliminating it --> 1) coyotes....on tops of distant hills in films about the American West. The "in films" seems to modify "distant hills". We want "films" to modify the entire clause from "coyotes" to "distant hills", and not just "distant hills".
2) The non-underlined part is in active voice, whereas option C seems to be passive voice. I reckon I'll need some expert insights here though. Is option C correct if we consider "voice"?

IMO, option A is the right answer because "on the tops of distant hills" correctly modifies the "solitary animals", and the idiomatic usage of "Depict X as Y" is correct.

Some thoughts on Option C would be nice.
_________________
We learn permanently when we teach,
We grow infinitely when we share.
LBS Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Jun 2018
Posts: 610
Location: Germany
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 730 Q47 V44
GPA: 3.4
WE: Analyst (Transportation)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 12:34
gmatconqueror2018 wrote:
Picked A first, then changed to C. Need a logical comparison. Coyotes as X in films and coyotes as Y in reality.
Although coyotes are depicted as X in films..... in reality, coyotes are Y... For A to work, the second part of the sentence needs to add a different type of movie to make the compare/contrast appropriate. Just my thinking!
Posted from my mobile device


I would go with A on this one as C makes it sound like the coyotes howl something like;

"auuuuuuu Who shot the sheriff?" :-D

Regards,
Chris
_________________
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 09 Mar 2016
Posts: 1254
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 13:07
gmatconqueror2018 wrote:
Picked A first, then changed to C. Need a logical comparison. Coyotes as X in films and coyotes as Y in reality.
Although coyotes are depicted as X in films..... in reality, coyotes are Y... For A to work, the second part of the sentence needs to add a different type of movie to make the compare/contrast appropriate. Just my thinking!
Posted from my mobile device


gmatconqueror2018
why you want different type of movie? first part states that cayotes are X, but in reality they are X. thats it :) What type of movie would you like to compare with :grin:

this is how i understand this sentence:

Although films about the American Wild Wild West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, but in reality these creatues are party animals, and they are howling to join some party. :)


(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills

this option looks totally fine:) here you emphasize that films DO depict coyotes as solitary animals, whereas option C

changes the meaning. In C it sounds as if coyotes are on the top of distant hills in films .... (but the "films" are the doers/ executors )


(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 05 Mar 2015
Posts: 1005
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 13:30
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 28 Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.


(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.

PLEASE REWRITE THE SENTENCE IN YOUR OWN WORDS.



(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills.Clear meaning and correctly used "as" and "howling mournfully" correctly modifies solitary animals.CORRECT
(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West .modifier error

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills . meaning changed

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills. meaning changed.it implies "coyotes are different sort of species ,depicted as solitary and mournfully howling animals living on tops of distant hills" but the original intent is they houl on top of hills.INCORRECT

Ans A
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Nov 2018
Posts: 81
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.88
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 13:55
I see why it's A now. Have to stop second guessing myself. The modifier error with C is still quite subtle. The question isn't hard but rather choosing between A and C is the biggest challenge!
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3285
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2018, 13:52
1
Arro44 wrote:
as C makes it sound like the coyotes howl something like;

"auuuuuuu Who shot the sheriff?" :-D

Regards,
Chris

Arro44 , :lol: :lol: :lol: :lol:
Well, whoever shot the sheriff did not shoot the deputy.
Thanks for the laugh.

These SC threads are exactly the kind that help people learn.
No kidding. Studies I have cited elsewhere demonstrate that humor is a potent catalyst of learning.

Among other tidbits, my threads include

-- drunken snails whose intoxication regrettably slows them down

-- and coyotes who howl iconic Bob Marley [reggae] songs, an image that
becomes irreverently funnier every time I think about Marley's voice.

I may have to start awarding kudos for hilarity. Laughter is good.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

At the still point, there the dance is. — T.S. Eliot
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3285
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2018, 13:52
4
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 28 Sentence Correction (SC2)



Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.

(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills
(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills
(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West
(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills
(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION
My comments are in blue typeface. Or red.

• Choice A is best

• In choice B, depicted to be is unidiomatic.
The correct idiom is depicted as.
In visual mediums, to depict means to portray, to illustrate, or to represent.
In written mediums, to depict means to describe or to portray.
All of those verbs take "as," not "to be."


• The phrase in films about the American West is misplaced in choice C
so that one cannot tell whether it indicates where the distant hills are,
where the animals howl, or where coyotes are depicted as solitary creatures;
the phrase should appear next to the word it is meant to modify.
That word is coyote.

• Choice D is wordy and awkward :thumbdown:

• Choice E contains the faulty and unidiomatic construction depict . . . to be
COMMENTS
Welcome to GMAT Club, gmatconqueror2018 , Mahmoudfawzy83 , and Darshi04 :)

The official explanation for option (C) is excellent.
In general, look for splits; in particular, look for different placement of a prepositional phrase such as that in (A) and (C)
(in films about the American West)
GMAC is moving the prepositional phrase around for a reason. That reason almost always
is connected to correct placement of a modifier and its modified word.

If ever someone has the urge to eliminate an answer immediately because it seems "awkward" or "wordy" or both,
I urge that this someone resist that urge.
Find another error, or keep the option until there are only two answers that remain.

(D) creates meaning issues and a lot of confusion
... coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

We put commas between "coordinate adjectives."
Are "solitary" and "[mournfully] howling" coordinate adjectives?

"Mournfully" modifies "howling." Occasionally we are allowed to insert a comma in such a case IF
we can put an "and" between the descriptors without a meaning change.
... depict coyotes as if they were solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills :| (Not great. Not horrible.)
... coyotes as if they were mournfully howling and solitary animals on the tops of distant hills :x (Are they the ONLY animals on the tops of the hills?)

(D) is awkward. If we want to call something "awkward," however, we had better be able to explain why.
The string solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills creates
a halting effect.
Nor is that phrase as clear or concise as that in (A) solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills.

One more item to notice about (D)
We can use "as if they were" in the present tense.
Using "as if they were" emphasizes the counterfactual or hyperbolic aspect of a film's inaccurate depiction of coyotes.

The use is similar to the idiom:
Not only X but also Y
The "also" adds emphasis to the thrust of the logic.
The phrase "as if they were" is similar.
Takeaway: Do not automatically choose "depict as" over "depict as if they were." Give the two options some thought.
(We do not have to think in this case. The other part of the sentence is stylistically and rhetorically inferior to other options.)

Answers are very good!
Mahmoudfawzy83 has very good analysis but fails to write the meaning of the sentence.
Darshi04 has one error in otherwise very clear analysis but lays out the meaning of the sentence.

It's a tie. Kudos to both.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

At the still point, there the dance is. — T.S. Eliot
Director
Director
User avatar
V
Status: Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2018
Posts: 560
Location: Egypt
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.67
WE: Pharmaceuticals (Health Care)
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2018, 04:09
Thanks generis , your highlight on the coordinate adjectives was so new and beneficial to me, and the article your referred to had an excellent explanation.
_________________
Thanks for KUDOS
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Jul 2017
Posts: 119
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2018, 06:03
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 28 Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills, in reality these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods.


(A) films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(B) in films about the American West coyotes are depicted to be solitary animals that howl mournfully on the tops of distant hills

(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

(D) films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

(E) films about the American West depict coyotes to be solitary and mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.

PLEASE REWRITE THE SENTENCE IN YOUR OWN WORDS.


Though i understand why A is incorrect,but i have one query.In case of comparisons,say when we use like /unlike etc, we have to compare two similar entities,is it true for case of Although too.
See in case of C we are correctly comparing coyotes but in A
is it comparison of Films vs reality
or comparison of Coyotes.
Is this comparison necessary in Although,
If yes,then how is A correct?
If it is comparison of films vs reality so isn't in films required?
daagh GMATNinja VeritasKarishma generis
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4793
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2018, 08:56
1
Top Contributor
@vanam

Quote:
Though i understand why A is incorrect, but i have one query. In case of comparisons, say when we use like /unlike etc, we have to compare two similar entities, is it true for case of Although too.

See in case of C we are correctly comparing coyotes but in A

is it comparison of Films vs reality
or comparison of Coyotes.
Is this comparison necessary in Although,
If yes, then how is A correct?
If it is comparison of films vs reality

so isn't in films required?

First thing is that 'although' is not a comparison marker; it is only a contrast marker. The question is not asking us to compare the coyotes of now with the coyotes of the past nor compare the perception of the films vs. the reality. The question only wants to emphasize that we are sometimes wrong in our judgment.

Therefore, in A, there is no need to use 'in films and maintain parallelism in line with 'in reality'. It may be also seen that if we insert the preposition 'in' for the sake of apparent parallelism, then the whole structure of the clause turns a fragment without a legal subject. If there is no subject then it is no more a clause. By the insertion of a preposition, we will be burning the house for the sake of killing a bug.

The observation that choice C correctly compares may not be true.

(C) Although coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West, in reality, these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods

Can we say for sure, who is comparing the coyotes with what? There is no answer.

In addition, one clause is in passive voice and the other is in the active voice. In other words, can we justify the use of passive voice for the subordinate clause? Are there no other genuine means of rewriting that clause in a more forthright and dynamic active voice? This shift of voice is a grave error as far as parallelism goes.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4793
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 06 Dec 2018, 23:53
1
Top Contributor
Quote:
D)films about the American West depict coyotes as if they were solitary, mournfully howling animals on the tops of distant hills


Let me delve into two aspects of this choice.

Point 1.
Please note that the use of "as they were" is not just a past tense. This is a special kind of past subjunctive, using the past tense verb 'were' instead of the normal 'are'.

Subjunctive mood sentences are special types of sentences, which violate the normal rules that apply to the subject-verb agreement in number and tense but are still considered grammatical. In the case of the past subjunctive, the grammatical form of the verb will be - I were, you were, he were, and they were- instead of the - I was, you were, he was or they were - forms.
Correct Examples:
The HOD thinks as if the staff were his errand boys
Some peons behave as though they were the GMs of the company.
Kusela spends as if he were Bill Gates.

We can note the differential but grammatically correct use of the present tense and the past tense within the same clause. , thanks to the past subjunctive mood.

Point 2. Reg: coordinate adjectives.
Co-ordinate adjectives are so called because they are parallel elements. Each of the coordinate adjectives modifies the common noun with equal weight. They can be seamlessly either separated by a comma between them or joined with a coordinate conjunction such as 'and'. In addition, one can exchange the order of the adjectives without loss of meaning.

Even if we say -- solitary, mournfully howling animals -- as --mournfully howling, solitary animals -- the meaning stays the same. Therefore, the takeaway is that one doesn't have to split hears whether there has to be an 'and' between these adjectives, and rest assured that a comma between the coordinate adjectives is good enough, a rare case of where a comma equals a coordinate conjunction

This not an opportune time to go into another diametrical contrast concept known as cumulative adjectives which are far more meaning-based. Good Luck
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest

Originally posted by daagh on 06 Dec 2018, 10:32.
Last edited by daagh on 06 Dec 2018, 23:53, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Jul 2017
Posts: 119
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2018, 10:44
daagh wrote:
@vanam

Quote:
Though i understand why A is incorrect, but i have one query. In case of comparisons, say when we use like /unlike etc, we have to compare two similar entities, is it true for case of Although too.

See in case of C we are correctly comparing coyotes but in A

is it comparison of Films vs reality
or comparison of Coyotes.
Is this comparison necessary in Although,
If yes, then how is A correct?
If it is comparison of films vs reality

so isn't in films required?

First thing is that 'although' is not a comparison marker; it is only a contrast marker. The question is not asking us to compare the coyotes of now with the coyotes of the past nor compare the perception of the films vs. the reality. The question only wants to emphasize that we are sometimes wrong in our judgment.

Therefore, in A, there is no need to use 'in films and maintain parallelism in line with 'in reality'. It may be also seen that if we insert the preposition 'in' for the sake of apparent parallelism, then the whole structure of the clause turns a fragment without a legal subject. If there is no subject then it is no more a clause. By the insertion of a preposition, we will be burning the house for the sake of killing a bug.

The observation that choice C correctly compares may not be true.

(C) Although coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West, in reality, these gregarious creatures live in stable groups that occupy the same territory for long periods

Can we say for sure, who is comparing the coyotes with what? There is no answer.

In addition, one clause is in passive voice and the other is in the active voice. In other words, can we justify the use of passive voice for the subordinate clause? Are there no other genuine means of rewriting that clause in a more forthright and dynamic active voice? This shift of voice is a grave error as far as parallelism goes.


Thanks a lot sir ,you are always there for help:) much appreciated
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 151
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GPA: 3.34
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2018, 04:47
(C) coyotes are depicted as solitary animals howling mournfully on the tops of distant hills in films about the American West

(C) is incorrect because "in the films about the American West" is misplaced. It seems like the "distant hills" are in films about the American West. This is illogical meaning.

Ans: (A)
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5234
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2019, 09:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2019, 09:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Although films about the American West depict coyotes as solitary

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne