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An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power

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An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 12:23
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An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power contained a significant amount of the deadly toxin T. When the test she performed for the presence of toxin T was negative, the anthropologist did not report the results. A chemist who nevertheless learned about the test results charged the anthropologist with fraud. The anthropologist, however, countered that those results were invalid because the power had inadvertently been test in acidic solution.

In the absence of the anthropologist’s reply, which one of the following principles, if established, would most support the chemist’s charge?

(A) Reporting results for an experiment that was not conducted and reporting a false result for an actual experiment are both instances of scientific fraud.
(B) Scientists can commit fraud and yet report some disconfirmations of their hypothesis.
(C) Scientists can neglect to report some disconfirmations of their hypotheses and yet be innocent of fraud.
(D) Scientists commit fraud whenever they report as valid any test result they know to be invalid.
(E) Scientists who neglect to report any experiment that could be interpreted as disconfirming their hypothesis have thereby committed fraud.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 21:41
An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power contained a significant amount of the deadly toxin T. When the test she performed for the presence of toxin T was negative, the anthropologist did not report the results. A chemist who nevertheless learned about the test results charged the anthropologist with fraud. The anthropologist, however, countered that those results were invalid because the power had inadvertently been test in acidic solution.

In the absence of the anthropologist’s reply, which one of the following principles, if established, would most support the chemist’s charge?

we need to find a answer choice that deals with non reporting of experiment (fraud - Non reporting)...

(A) Reporting results for an experiment that was not conducted and reporting a false result for an actual experiment are both instances of scientific fraud.---here the anthropologist conducted experiment , but she havn't reported that ...There is no false report as such , so not supporting the chemist charge
(B) Scientists can commit fraud and yet report some disconfirmations of their hypothesis.---No , nothing about non reporting.
(C) Scientists can neglect to report some disconfirmations of their hypotheses and yet be innocent of fraud.--strengthen scientists view
(D) Scientists commit fraud whenever they report as valid any test result they know to be invalid.--Its about validity of test--non reporting is not discussed here .
(E) Scientists who neglect to report any experiment that could be interpreted as disconfirming their hypothesis have thereby committed fraud.--Bingooo...
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Re: An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 04:10
the answer is straight E, non-reporting of experiments leads to fraud
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Re: An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 06:27
we need to identify why not reporting a test result is still a fraud. Only choice E tells us that.
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Re: An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2017, 08:26
An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power contained a significant amount of the deadly toxin T. When the test she performed for the presence of toxin T was negative, the anthropologist did not report the results. A chemist who nevertheless learned about the test results charged the anthropologist with fraud. The anthropologist, however, countered that those results were invalid because the power had inadvertently been test in acidic solution.

In the absence of the anthropologist’s reply, which one of the following principles, if established, would most support the chemist’s charge?

(A) Reporting results for an experiment that was not conducted and reporting a false result for an actual experiment are both instances of scientific fraud.
(B) Scientists can commit fraud and yet report some disconfirmations of their hypothesis.
(C) Scientists can neglect to report some disconfirmations of their hypotheses and yet be innocent of fraud.
(D) Scientists commit fraud whenever they report as valid any test result they know to be invalid.
(E) Scientists who neglect to report any experiment that could be interpreted as disconfirming their hypothesis have thereby committed fraud.
Re: An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2017, 08:26
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An anthropologist hypothesized that a certain medicinal power

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