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Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years

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Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 23:40
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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:09) correct 41% (01:45) wrong based on 142 sessions

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Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years ago, probably preserved meat by smoking it. Burnt lichen and grass have been found in many Neanderthal fireplaces. A fire of lichen and grass produces a lot of smoke but does not produce nearly as much heat or light as a wood fire.

Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the archaeologist's argument?

(A) In close proximity to the fireplaces with lichen and grass are other fireplaces that, evidence suggests, burned material that produced more heat than smoke.

(B) In the region containing the Neanderthal fireplaces in which lichen and grass were burnt, no plants that could be burned more effectively to produce heat or light were available 60,000 years ago.

(C) Some of the fireplaces containing burnt lichen are in regions in which lichen is not believed to have been plentiful and so would have had to have been brought in from some distance.

(D) There is clear evidence that at least some groups of Neanderthals living more recently than 60,000 years ago developed methods of preserving meat other than smoking it.

(E) The ability to preserve meat through smoking would have made the Neanderthal humans less vulnerable to poor periods of hunting.

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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 00:21
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I pick B. If there were no other plants that could be used to produce heat or light, then lichen and grass would've been used for it. Hence, it goes against the conclusion that it was not just used to smoke meat.


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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 04:15
I doubt with the official answer and the whole question.

Conclusion: Neanderthals 60,000 years ago, probably preserved meat by smoking it.

B) In the region containing the Neanderthal fireplaces in which lichen and grass were burnt, no plants that could be burned more effectively to produce heat or light were available 60,000 years ago - In my opinion it says that there were no better alternatives to the lichen and grass in order to receive heat and light. But the statement doesn't say anything regarding preserve of meat.

I chose D) even though it is not very strong too.
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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 04:59
I am not convinced with the option B
For me it strengthens the argument
From B we are sure they used lichen and from argument we know it produces lot of smoke

And conclusion is that they used smoking to preserve

Someone please provide detailed explanation

Thanks in advance

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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 05:16
I choose A. It suggests the burned material that produced more heat than smoke- weakens the argument of preserving meat using smoke.


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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 03:10
I think B strengthens the argument more than weakening it. I'm not entirely convinced with the OA either.
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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 07:34
Is it A? It suggests an alternate cause that heat might have been responsible for preservation.

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Re: Archaeologist: Neanderthals, a human-like species living 60,000 years   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 07:34
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