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# As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp

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As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2012, 19:51
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As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a campaign to reduce lethal errors, thousands of hospitals introduced six key changes, including rapid-response teams, re-checks of patient medication, and new guidelines for preventing infection. The campaign estimated that, over an 18-month period, more than 100,000 lives were saved as a direct result of the program.

Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements?

A. Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.

B. The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.

C. In the future, no one will die because of medical error.

D. If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.

E. The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future.

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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2012, 05:27
2
A) Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
b) The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in
that time period - "All" is stringent, get rid of it

c) In the future, no one will die because of medical error - "No" is stringent, get rid of it
d) If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died
during the 18-month period due to medical error.
e) The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future - We dont know whether it'll continue, get rid of it

Between A and D we cant say for sure if doctors and nurses were not careful..moreover "should be more careful" indicate as if fatalities arose as a result of carelessness only..we are not sure for this as well.

Left with D - it rightly says that 100,000 might have died" which is mild in its tone, and hence the answer.

HTH
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2012, 06:56
jaiswalamrita wrote:
A) Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
b) The campaign saved all of the people who [color=#ec008c]otherwise would have died due to medical error in
that time period - "All" is stringent, get rid of it[/color]
c) [color=#ed145b]In the future, no one will die because of medical error - "No" is stringent, get rid of it[/color]
d) If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died
during the 18-month period due to medical error.
e) The key changes initiated by the [color=#ed145b]campaign will continue to be implemented in the future - We dont know whether it'll continue, get rid of it[/color]

Between A and D we cant say for sure if doctors and nurses were not careful..moreover "should be more careful" indicate as if fatalities arose as a result of carelessness only..we are not sure for this as well.

Left with D - it rightly says that 100,000 might have died" which is mild in its tone, and hence the answer.

HTH

all are forecasted from out of the stimulus or externally, in must be true or inference questions, we can not go beyound the stimulus boundary. Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements? tell us to choose the one basend on the above stimulus not on our judgments or considerations.

thanks for jaiswalamrita
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 01:52
only B and D seem close enough to be the answer.
B is incorrect in that it says, ".....ALL OF THE PEOPLE". There is no way to infer that the changes saved all of the people who would otherwise have died due to medical error in that time period.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 16:41
mun23 wrote:
As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a campaign to reduce lethal errors, thousands of hospitals introduced six key changes, including rapid-response teams, re-checks of patient medication, and new guidelines for preventing infection. The campaign estimated that, over an 18-month period, more than 100,000 lives were saved as a direct result of the program.

Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements?
(A)Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
(B)The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.
(C)In the future, no one will die because of medical error.
(D)If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.
(E)The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future.

Need help............

Nothing seems to be apt other than D.

Statement : X no of ppls died due to some error. So to reduce it, Plan A is implemented in t span of time which resulted in saving Y no of ppls. (where Y>X)
If you dont understand above statement, will translate below
Because of the campaign's six key changes, 100,000 lives were saved.

This also states that if at all not this plan around 100,000 would have died ( simple negative relation)

A- Doctors have nothing to do with this statement
B - "saved all of the people" -- too extreme , we dont have solid grounds to prove this
C - "No one will die" --- Too extreme, same as B but opposite
D - Correct (as explained above)
E - Will not be implemented -- we dont have any info abt this

Hope i helped you ...

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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2014, 04:27
Hi E-Gmat,

Basic Doubt here is ,in the inference question If X cause Y. Then Not X cause Not Y. Would be a possible inference?

i consider this case to be out of scope. because argument dosent say anything about what will happen if X dosent happen.

Thanks
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 03:58
2
As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a campaign to reduce lethal errors, thousands of hospitals introduced six key changes, including rapid-response teams, re-checks of patient medication, and new guidelines for preventing infection. The campaign estimated that, over an 18-month period, more than 100,000 lives were saved as a direct result of the program. Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements?

A. Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
What if error was not caused by doctors and nurses But patients (in taking doses) etc.

B. The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.
Seems Right

C. In the future, no one will die because of medical error.
Can't Predict

D. If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.
Not necessarily

E. The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future.
They can be improved or new steps better than these can be implemented. You never know.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 05:10
1
A,C< E are out of question as they deal with other issues or are extremes remaining B and D B seems possible.. problem with D is that it is telling specifically about 18 months what if the patients would have died due to some other reason in those 18 months despite taking precautions...hence B seems more apt.. My take.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 02:10
2
D is my take,

A. Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.--No. Medical error can also be caused in patient's negligence.(Initially I thought it could be a contender, but now)

B. The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.
This could not be said. "All people"? In 1 year if it is 98,000, in 18 months it could be 1,47,000. So saved were 1,00,000 only. and other 47,000? Also what if atleast 1 who survived would have had no medical error during his medication?

C. In the future, no one will die because of medical error.--> No evidence.

D. If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.---> As I explained in B, if this campaign is not implemented, 1,47,000 would have died.

E. The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future. --> No evidence.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 05:07
1
sanket1991 wrote:
As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a campaign to reduce lethal errors, thousands of hospitals introduced six key changes, including rapid-response teams, re-checks of patient medication, and new guidelines for preventing infection. The campaign estimated that, over an 18-month period, more than 100,000 lives were saved as a direct result of the program. Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements?

A. Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
What if error was not caused by doctors and nurses But patients (in taking doses) etc.

B. The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.
Seems Right

C. In the future, no one will die because of medical error.
Can't Predict

D. If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.
Not necessarily

E. The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future.
They can be improved or new steps better than these can be implemented. You never know.

hi,
B can not be the answer.
because B is talking of a time period of 18 months that is 1 and a half year... and question stem talks of one year
that is in one year 98000, so if you take average 98000(1yr)+49000(1/2 year)=147000, out of which only 100000 are saved.. so B does not tell the correct picture..
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 05:17
1
mridupawandas wrote:
A,C< E are out of question as they deal with other issues or are extremes remaining B and D B seems possible.. problem with D is that it is telling specifically about 18 months what if the patients would have died due to some other reason in those 18 months despite taking precautions...hence B seems more apt.. My take.

hi mridupawan..
there is a shift in number of year talked of one year in question stem to 1 and 1/2 year in choice B....
Be careful on these shifts..

A. Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
there various improvement due to which lifes have been saved so we cannot say negligence was the reason

B. The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period.
Subtle shift in number of years.. one year in question stem to 1 and 1/2 yr in this inference.

C. In the future, no one will die because of medical error.
this is too extreme a sentence and cannot be inferred

D. If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error.
It is clearly given that more than 100000 lives were saved so it can be clearly inferred that had it been not for the campaign, these lives would have been lost.. correct

E. The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future.
again a very extreme sentence.. there may still be even better and more useful changes deviced in future..
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 05:45
1
chetan2u wrote:
hi,
B can not be the answer.
because B is talking of a time period of 18 months that is 1 and a half year... and question stem talks of one year
that is in one year 98000, so if you take average 98000(1yr)+49000(1/2 year)=147000, out of which only 100000 are saved.. so B does not tell the correct picture..

The maths part....I should have read more carefully, But the timer ticks
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 14:24
As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error.
I thought "due to" could only be used to modify noun.. Noun phrase..

The death of as many as 98000 people is due to .....

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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2015, 21:54
This is an inference question. So we have to find out what must be true from the given statements. For example- If I make a statement that " It has been raining since the last three days". The inference would be "The last three days have not been dry". The goal here is to reduce lethal errors. Doing so 100,000 lives would be saved during an 18 month period. So the only statement that can be inferred is mentioned in answer choice "D". As for your question, this is CR - a different section; hence do not apply the SC rules here.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2016, 12:45
it is sort of a reverse inference question .if a,then b implies if not b, then not a.
Therefore correct answer is option D
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2017, 01:30
its straight D as if the plan has been not implemented then those, whose life have been saved due to campaign could have died due to medical errors , so as it is an inference que. we must need to conclude from the stimulus which only option D provides in different way .
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 09:03
A is wrong because "Re-check" is not necessary done by doctors and nurses.
D is correct because of "estimated" and "were saved"; it is past tense. I know this sounds unbelievable, but D is correct.
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 22:47
[quote="GetThisDone"]As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a campaign to reduce lethal errors, thousands of hospitals introduced six key changes, including rapid-response teams, re-checks of patient medication, and new guidelines for preventing infection. The campaign estimated that, over an 18-month period, more than 100,000 lives were saved as a direct result of the program.

Which of the following can be most properly inferred from the above statements?

A) Doctors and nurses should be more careful when doing their jobs.
[color=#ed1c24][/color]b) The campaign saved all of the people who otherwise would have died due to medical error in that time period. This is too ambitious
c) In the future, no one will die because of medical error. [color=#ff0000]this is clearly too ambitious[/color]
d) If the campaign had not been implemented, more than 100,000 people might have died during the 18-month period due to medical error. [color=#00a651]they key word here is might- this answer does not say those people were inarguably saved by the campaign but rather that the campaign was probably why they were saved[/color]
e) The key changes initiated by the campaign will continue to be implemented in the future. they could but the stimulus is trying to get us to infer something about the effect of the campaign, which there is far greater evidence to make an inference for
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Re: As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2018, 09:56
there is a similar question with the same argument structure, and the same content, but with different question.
That question is weaken question.
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As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2019, 09:47
OFFICIAL EXPALANTION
The argument presents data about deaths due to medical errors. A campaign designed to reduce these deaths due to lethal errors does indeed reduce the number of deaths over an 18-month period. No conclusion is presented in the body of the argument; in fact, the question asks us to "infer" or draw a conclusion from the given statements. The conclusion, therefore, will be found in the answer
choices; our task is to find a statement that follows directly from the given statements without introducing any new information or assumptions.
(A) While this might generally be true in the real world, the given information does not address whether doctors and nurses are too careless in conducting their jobs.
(B) While the campaign did save a large number of people, we cannot say that every single person who would have died was saved; this answer choice is too extreme.
(C) The argument does not provide information to make predictions about the future; in addition, this answer choice is extreme. Common sense tells us that we cannot prevent every single medical error in the future.
(D) CORRECT. This statement can be inferred from the original argument. If the campaign saved the lives of people who otherwise would have died of medical error, then the absence of the campaign would have meant that many of those people might not have been saved. Notice that this answer choice is more of a restatement of the given information, rather than what we would consider a true conclusion in the real world; this is typical of correct answer choices on GMAT inference questions.
(E) While this sounds like a good idea, given the evidence, the argument does not provide information to make predictions about the future.
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As many as 98,000 people die each year due to medical error. In a camp   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2019, 09:47
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