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# As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income

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Intern
Joined: 17 Jun 2009
Posts: 26
As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 12:49
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Thanks

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Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2008
Posts: 285
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 14:23
Ans must be B

Two different problems have been discussed - 1) middle income families cannot afford to buy homes

2) high rents of rental homes leave them with little money for other expenses.

C and D are out cause they end with "yet" and "however" suggesting a solution to the problem is going to be discussed.

"furthermore" in B correctly joins the two problems, the second one arising from the first one.

E is wrong because "for" cannot be used, the second half of passage doesnt give a reason why they cannot buy homes. It gives a problem arising out of the first one.

A is definitely wrong, too many "and"s make it sound awkward right away.
Director
Joined: 01 Apr 2008
Posts: 846
Name: Ronak Amin
Schools: IIM Lucknow (IPMX) - Class of 2014
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 21:30
I go with E. OA?
Second part of the sentence is a reason why they cannot afford to buy homes.

If we go with B, we say that families are hard hit since(because) they cannot afford homes.
rashminet84 wrote:
Ans must be B

Two different problems have been discussed - 1) middle income families cannot afford to buy homes

2) high rents of rental homes leave them with little money for other expenses.

C and D are out cause they end with "yet" and "however" suggesting a solution to the problem is going to be discussed.

"furthermore" in B correctly joins the two problems, the second one arising from the first one.

E is wrong because "for" cannot be used, the second half of passage doesnt give a reason why they cannot buy homes. It gives a problem arising out of the first one.

A is definitely wrong, too many "and"s make it sound awkward right away.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
Posts: 197
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 22:18
I would vote for D.

(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,------- best, because:
- semi-colon (;) indicates that the same idea is being conveyed on either sides.
-The first part conveys that families are hard hit and they cannot afford to buy homes.
-'however' in the second part is separated by a comma, which indicates stress on the word.
-'however' changes the direction of the first sentence and states that in spite of the fact that people are not able to buy homes, rising rental rates force them to do so.

(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and----incorrect
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore ---- 'since' here means because, so the sentence can be interpreted as ' middle-income families are especially hard hit, because they can no longer buy homes,...' this is not what the original sentence means. Secondly, we need to stress on 'furthermore' so it should be separated by a comma from 'rising'.
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet (comma should be there because we are changing the direction and the word should be stressed upon).
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for------- 'for' at the end of this sentence changes the meaning.
_________________

"Always....Read between the lines"

Intern
Joined: 17 Jun 2009
Posts: 26
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2009, 23:03
OA is C. I have no idea why C. Therefore I post the question here so that people may come in and respond.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2008
Posts: 285
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2009, 11:07
After seeing that the OA is C, i tried to search other forums, and found this answer which justifies C

For those who don't want to read the detailed answer, in jist, the statement implies that families that cannot buy homes should have been better off renting, But even then (YET), they are facing difficulties.

Even if I look at this statement not just technically, but along with the implied meaning (which i did previously), i don't see how C is better off than B. Its just the way one looks at the meaning. They should have probably added a few other errors in B to make C a better choice.
Despite doing this question, if im faced with a similar dilemma again, im not sure if i will be able to make out a difference between such close choices.
Intern
Joined: 17 Jun 2009
Posts: 26
Re: As the housing affordability ... [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2009, 12:40
rashminet84 wrote:
After seeing that the OA is C, i tried to search other forums, and found this answer which justifies C

For those who don't want to read the detailed answer, in jist, the statement implies that families that cannot buy homes should have been better off renting, But even then (YET), they are facing difficulties.

Even if I look at this statement not just technically, but along with the implied meaning (which i did previously), i don't see how C is better off than B. Its just the way one looks at the meaning. They should have probably added a few other errors in B to make C a better choice.
Despite doing this question, if im faced with a similar dilemma again, im not sure if i will be able to make out a difference between such close choices.

Very much appreciate for your help rashminet84. I think this kind of question is not very popular in atual GMAT. Just posted on here if anyone might have a clear explaination for this.

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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Re: As the housing affordability ...   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2009, 12:40
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# As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income

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