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# As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es

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Manager
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Jan 2019, 05:48
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

24% (01:37) correct 76% (01:45) wrong based on 697 sessions

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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and

(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore

(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet

(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,

(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Originally posted by sagarsabnis on 26 Sep 2009, 06:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Jan 2019, 05:48, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2016, 23:23
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Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?

However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 14:04
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gorupruthi wrote:
Why B is incorrect.
Yet in C is making contrast that is not required.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

*since these families can no longer afford to buy homes: In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date
*As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, since these families can no longer afford to buy homes
This is an entire clause. The next independent clause that follows after comma starts with furthermore, which is not a coordinating conjunction. Making the entire sentence a run-on.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit-Independent clause
, for these families can no longer afford to buy homes-Independent clause properly connected with coordinating conjunction "for". "for" here is used as because.

,yet rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing-Again two Independent clauses connected by coordinating conjunction
Also, "contrast" is very much needed.

Firstly, those middle class can't afford to buy homes due to the rising rate of the houses.
And to make matter worse(Yet), they have to pay >25% of the income in rent, this entire sequence of events is resulting in: "leaving(present participle is required to convey the effects of events previously described) them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures."
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 11:59
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sagarsabnis wrote:
140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

OA is C please any 1 explain

I think it should be either B or C, cuz we have to explain why they have been hard hit.

When it comes to choosing from B or C, I say it's C, since furthermore doesnt really fit there. I think yet is more proper.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 06:45
Why B is incorrect.
Yet in C is making contrast that is not required.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 16:30
Please explain why E is incorrect.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 01:09
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bidmanager wrote:
Please explain why E is incorrect.

The middle-class people are not able to buy homes because of the increased housing affordability gap, not because they have to pay high rent.

Increased housing affordability gap causes two main things:
1. Make the middle-class less likely to buy homes.
2. And also, make them pay high rents.

In E, the cause and effect are reversed.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2014, 23:43
sagarsabnis wrote:
140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

"and" is not the right usage in this context. " For" or " since" clarify the meaning. Left with choice B and C. "Yet" is better choice again to emphasize the contradiction in the two sentences.
I go with C
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 May 2018, 20:20
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140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Let’s revisit this thread from the meaning point of view. Choice A, C, D and E are all grammatically correct; Only B is a run-on.
The point here is that, since the middle-income group has to shell out a hell of a lot of money on rentals, they don’t have enough for the up-front payment to buy a house. In other words, high rents are the reason of their inability. One can see a thread of causation here and per se, we need to bring in a transitional conjunction such as 'for' or 'because, into the picture to draft the high rentals. ‘And’ in A is a mere same direction affirmative conjunction and is out. ‘Yet’ in C and ‘however’ in D introduce an unwarranted contrast; only E seeks to justify the causation by putting up the required causative conjunction ‘for’.

I cannot see how C could be good enough to merit the OA. It is evident from the serial No 140 that the question is from the not so authentic 1000 series, perhaps the reason for the wrong OA.
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Originally posted by daagh on 07 Aug 2016, 01:02.
Last edited by daagh on 05 May 2018, 20:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2016, 05:24
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 20:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?

However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.

Hi sayantanc2k

Can you elaborate on the usage of As at the beginning of this sentence (does As mean because? and does As function as a coordinating conjunction?) and the usage of two coordinating conjunctions for and yet in two adjacent clauses in C?

fluke said in his post that "In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date". Is fluke's reasoning right?

Many thanks!
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 11:30
leanhdung wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?

However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.

Hi sayantanc2k

Can you elaborate on the usage of As at the beginning of this sentence (does As mean because? and does As function as a coordinating conjunction?) and the usage of two coordinating conjunctions for and yet in two adjacent clauses in C?

fluke said in his post that "In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date". Is fluke's reasoning right?

Many thanks!

1. No, here "as" means "at the same time".
2. No, it is a subordinating conjunction (introduces a dependent clause).
3. I am not sure about your question - by the term "usage" do you like to know which clauses these conjunctions add? Please elaborate your third query.
4. Usage of "since": I have not found anything of this sort in any official guide.
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2019, 09:20
Hi
Really troubled with the OA.
Choice C has an awkward contrast that doesn't seem necessary
Choice E seems to decently convey the right meaning (Best possible)

Can somebody throw light on this...

B is wrong: because of conjunctive modifier (needs a semi colon), so true conjunctions (FANBOYS) or subordinators should follow the first main clause. We need one 'reasoning' conjunction (e.g. for). That is why I chose E
As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are es   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2019, 09:20
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