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Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several

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Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2010, 14:34
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Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several distant, planet-like objects orbiting the sun, which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving the classification "planet."

a) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

b) leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

c) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects should deserve

d) leading to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

e) which is now leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve


Would you guys please provide explanation for your answer choice? I really appreciate your input! OA will follow
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Re: Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2010, 15:13
which cannot refer to the discovery, and deserve cannot be used in a continuous tense. Choose B
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Re: Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2010, 15:35
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GMATFIGHTER wrote:
Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several distant, planet-like objects orbiting the sun, which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving the classification "planet."

a) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

b) leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

c) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects should deserve

d) leading to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

e) which is now leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve


Would you guys please provide explanation for your answer choice? I really appreciate your input! OA will follow



a comma followed by "which" refers to the word directly in front of the comma but it's not correct since the discovery of the objects orbiting the sun is leading to heated debates not the sun itself.

so you can cross out (a), (c), and (e)

this leaves "are deserving" vs. "deserve". "Are deserving" is awkward construction.
also, present progressive tense describes an ongoing action that is happening at the same time the statement is written. This tense is formed by using am/is/are with the verb form ending in -ing. These debates didn't start when this statement was written but started in the past and are continuing. The debates have always been over the objects' classification.

It is better to use the simple form "deserve" in the present tense as the present tense expresses an unchanging, repeated, or reoccurring action.

(b) is the answer.
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Re: Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2010, 17:12
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firasath wrote:
GMATFIGHTER wrote:
Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several distant, planet-like objects orbiting the sun, which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving the classification "planet."

a) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

b) leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

c) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects should deserve

d) leading to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

e) which is now leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve


Would you guys please provide explanation for your answer choice? I really appreciate your input! OA will follow



a comma followed by "which" refers to the word directly in front of the comma but it's not correct since the discovery of the objects orbiting the sun is leading to heated debates not the sun itself.

so you can cross out (a), (c), and (e)

this leaves "are deserving" vs. "deserve". "Are deserving" is awkward construction.
also, present progressive tense describes an ongoing action that is happening at the same time the statement is written. This tense is formed by using am/is/are with the verb form ending in -ing. These debates didn't start when this statement was written but started in the past and are continuing. The debates have always been over the objects' classification.

It is better to use the simple form "deserve" in the present tense as the present tense expresses an unchanging, repeated, or reoccurring action.

(b) is the answer.


awesome explanation! thanks to you and to kevincan. The OA is indeed B.
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Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 11:34
Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several distant, planet-like objects orbiting the sun, which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving the classification "planet."

a) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

- which modifies "sun" and it is incorrect here as the sun has not led to heated debates, it is several distant planets, hence A is Out

b) leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

- CORRECT - removes "which" error and correctly uses "deserve"


c) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects should deserve

- which modifies "sun" and it is incorrect here as the sun has not led to heated debates, it is several distant planets, hence C is Out

d) leading to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

- "are deserving" is incorrect here. “Are deserving” is temporary, but these planets are objects that will hold their properties for millions of years. Accordingly, the more timeless tense “deserve” is more logical. Hence, D is Out

e) which is now leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

- which modifies "sun" and it is incorrect here as the sun has not led to heated debates, it is several distant planets, hence A is Out

Hence, Answer is B

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Re: Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 22:36
GMATFIGHTER wrote:
Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several distant, planet-like objects orbiting the sun, which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving the classification "planet."

a) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

b) leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve

c) which has led to heated debates over which of these objects should deserve

d) leading to heated debates over which of these objects are deserving

e) which is now leading to heated debates over which of these objects deserve


Would you guys please provide explanation for your answer choice? I really appreciate your input! OA will follow


if we see according to the meaning then we find that not the objects orbiting the sun led to heated debates but the discovery made it .

so now option A/C and E are out left with B and C
c is wrong as using unnecessary modal should and also changes of tense hence out

hence option B wins

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Re: Astronomers of the late twentieth century discovered several   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2017, 22:36
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