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At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C

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At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 09:15
2
21
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

67% (01:43) correct 33% (02:02) wrong based on 1425 sessions

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At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning Committee of a certain company each had n members, and no one was a member of both committees. At the end of the year, 5 members left the Finance Committee and 3 members left the Planning Committee. How many members did the Finance Committee have at the beginning of the year?

(1) The ratio of the total number of members who left at the end of the year to the total number of members at the beginning of the year was 1:6.
(2) At the end of the year, 21 members remained on the Planning Committee.


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At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 10:43
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1
Bunuel wrote:
At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning Committee of a certain company each had n members, and no one was a member of both committees. At the end of the year, 5 members left the Finance Committee and 3 members left the Planning Committee. How many members did the Finance Committee have at the beginning of the year?

(1) The ratio of the total number of members who left at the end of the year to the total number of members at the beginning of the year was 1:6.
(2) At the end of the year, 21 members remained on the Planning Committee.


Kudos for a correct solution.


Will go with D

Given: Planning Committee (P) has 'n' members.
Finance Committee (F) has 'n' members.
Total members = n = n = 2n
Total members left (L) = 5 + 3 = 8

Find: n = ?

Statement 1:
Given that L/2n =1/6 . This implies 8/2n = k/6k (consider the ratio has multiplied by constant k). Now, 'k' value will be only 8 as it has directly given L = 8. So it will be 8/2n = 1/6. Hence, 2n = 48. ==> n=24. Hence sufficient.

Statement 2:
Given that n-3 = 21 ===> n = 24. Hence sufficient.
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 09:46
2
Bunuel wrote:
At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning Committee of a certain company each had n members, and no one was a member of both committees. At the end of the year, 5 members left the Finance Committee and 3 members left the Planning Committee. How many members did the Finance Committee have at the beginning of the year?

(1) The ratio of the total number of members who left at the end of the year to the total number of members at the beginning of the year was 1:6.
(2) At the end of the year, 21 members remained on the Planning Committee.


Kudos for a correct solution.


(1) The ratio of the total number of members who left at the end of the year to the total number of members at the beginning of the year was 1:6.

=> total number of members leaving at the end of the year: 5+3 = 8
=> Total number of members in the beginning of year: 8*6 = 48
But we do not know the number of members of Planning => do not know the number of Finance

Insufficient
(2) At the end of the year, 21 members remained on the Planning Committee.

=> The number of members on the Planning: 21 + 3 = 24
=> We do not know the number of members so do not know the number of members in Finance
Sufficient

1+2 => Know the number of members in Finance => Sufficient

=> Ans: C
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2015, 10:59
2
1
At the beginning of year
Number of people in Finance committee = n
Number of people in Planning committee = n

At the end of year
Number of people in Finance committee= n-5
Number of people in Planning committee = n-3

1.
(5+3)/2n = 1/6
=>n = 48

Sufficient

2.
Number of people in Planning committee = n-3 = 21
=>n = 24

At the beginning of year ,number of people in Finance committee = 24
Sufficient

Answer D
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2015, 03:22
For me also, it is D.

St 1: 8/2n = 1/6, so we can find the value of n.

St2: n-5+n-3=21 , Sufficient.

Hence the answer is D.
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2015, 05:34
1
1) 8/2n = 1/6, so n = 24 sufficient

2) n-3=21 so n = 24 sufficient

Hence D is the correct answer
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2016, 15:37
1
Skywalker18 wrote:
At the beginning of year
Number of people in Finance committee = n
Number of people in Planning committee = n

At the end of year
Number of people in Finance committee= n-5
Number of people in Planning committee = n-3

1.
(5+3)/2n = 1/6
=>n = 48

Sufficient

2.
Number of people in Planning committee = n-3 = 21
=>n = 24

At the beginning of year ,number of people in Finance committee = 24
Sufficient

Answer D

Hi Skywalker18! in statement 1 n=24 not 48. Please correct a typo))
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At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 22:36
Bunuel wrote:
At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning Committee of a certain company each had n members, and no one was a member of both committees. At the end of the year, 5 members left the Finance Committee and 3 members left the Planning Committee. How many members did the Finance Committee have at the beginning of the year?

(1) The ratio of the total number of members who left at the end of the year to the total number of members at the beginning of the year was 1:6.
(2) At the end of the year, 21 members remained on the Planning Committee.


Kudos for a correct solution.


Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.

Condition (1)
\(5 + 3 : 2n = 1: 6\)
\(2n = 48\)
Since we have 1 equation of \(n\), this is sufficient.

Condition (2)
\(n - 3 = 21\)
Since we have 1 equation of \(n\), this is also sufficient.

Therefore, D is the answer.

For cases where we need 1 more equation, such as original conditions with “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 59 % chance that D is the answer, while A or B has 38% chance and C or E has 3% chance. Since D is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition. Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or E.
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 09:56
F has n employees,5 left . P has n employees 3 left
1. employees left/ total employees = 1/6
8/2n=1/6 so, n=24

2 n-3=21 so n = 24
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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C  [#permalink]

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Re: At the beginning of the year, the Finance Committee and the Planning C   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2019, 08:44
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