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Before the printing press, books could be purchased only

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Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 01:19
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A
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Question Stats:

87% (03:41) correct 13% (01:44) wrong based on 779 sessions

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Before the printing press, books could be purchased only in expensive manuscript copies. The printing press produced books that were significantly less expensive than the manuscript editions. The public's demand for printed books in the first years after the invention of the printing press was many times greater than demand had been for manuscript copies. This increase demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

Which one of the following statements, if true, casts doubt on the argument?

(A) During the first years after the invention of the printing press, letter writing by people who wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks exhibited a dramatic increase.

(B) Books produced on the printing press are often found with written comments in the margins in the handwriting of the people who owned the books.

(C) In the first years after the printing press was invented, printed books were purchased primarily by people who had always bought and read expensive manuscripts but could afford a greater number of printed books for the same money.

(D) Books that were printed on the printing press in the first years after its invention often circulated among friends in informal reading clubs or libraries.

(E) The first printed books published after the invention of the printing press would have been useless to illiterate people, since the books had virtually no illustrations.

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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 08:43
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This is a weaken question.
We have to weaken the conclusion that there was an increase in the number of people who could read in intial years of printing.

(A) During the first years after the invention of the printing press, letter writing by people who wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks exhibited a dramatic increase.
This strengthens the conclusion by saying that letter writing without assistance of scribes/clerks increased.

(B) Books produced on the printing press are often found with written comments in the margins in the handwriting of the people who owned the books.
Irrelevant. Does not affect the conclusion in any way.

(C) In the first years after the printing press was invented, printed books were purchased primarily by people who had always bought and read expensive manuscripts but could afford a greater number of printed books for the same money.
It provides another reason to the dramatic increase in the demand. If the people who could read started buying more books then it explains the increased demand is not due to the increase in the number of people who could read. Hence WEAKENS the conclusion.

(D) Books that were printed on the printing press in the first years after its invention often circulated among friends in informal reading clubs or libraries.
If books were circulated in reading clubs or libraries, it might strengthen the argument that the no of readers has increased.

(E) The first printed books published after the invention of the printing press would have been useless to illiterate people, since the books had virtually no illustrations.
Irrelevant.

Hence C.
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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 10:22
+C.
Conclusion is that the increase in the no. of books purchased is because of the increase in the number of people who learned to read.

Anything that weaken this causal relationship that is some other factor is responsible for the increase will be the valid contender for the answer.

C states that increase is due to the purchasing power of the people.
Hence undermines the conclusion.
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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 17:45
Before the printing press, books could be purchased only in expensive manuscript copies. The printing press produced books that were significantly less expensive than the manuscript editions. The public's demand for printed books in the first years after the invention of the printing press was many times greater than demand had been for manuscript copies. This increase demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

Analysis:

Concln: Increase in Demand for Printed Book demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

We have to weaken the Arguments,hence we have to find an option indicate Demand increase --> Increase in number of people learning how to read. Such as 1) same people who were reading expensive manuscript copies bought books or 2) People were just stoking those books so to resale them at higher price to those who were reading expensive manuscript copies :

So now with that though lets go for Ans Choice:

(A) During the first years after the invention of the printing press, letter writing by people who wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks exhibited a dramatic increase. Irrelevant

(B) Books produced on the printing press are often found with written comments in the margins in the handwriting of the people who owned the books. Irrelevant So What????

(C) In the first years after the printing press was invented, printed books were purchased primarily by people who had always bought and read expensive manuscripts but could afford a greater number of printed books for the same money. Ok Hold THIS

(D) Books that were printed on the printing press in the first years after its invention often circulated among friends in informal reading clubs or libraries. Strengthener So Opposite of what we are asked to find.

(E) The first printed books published after the invention of the printing press would have been useless to illiterate people, since the books had virtually no illustrations. OFC. Not know what these illiterate people did whether they learned to read or remained illiterate.

So Clearly Ans is Option C
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Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 08:33
Before the printing press, books could be purchased only in expensive manuscript copies. The printing press produced books that were significantly less expensive than the manuscript editions. The public's demand for printed books in the first years after the invention of the printing press was many times greater than demand had been for manuscript copies. This increase demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

Which one of the following statements, if true, casts doubt on the argument?

(A) During the first years after the invention of the printing press, letter writing by people who wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks exhibited a dramatic increase.

(B) Books produced on the printing press are often found with written comments in the margins in the handwriting of the people who owned the books.

(C) In the first years after the printing press was invented, printed books were purchased primarily by people who had always bought and read expensive manuscripts but could afford a greater number of printed books for the same money.

(D) Books that were printed on the printing press in the first years after its invention often circulated among friends in informal reading clubs or libraries.

(E) The first printed books published after the invention of the printing press would have been useless to illiterate people, since the books had virtually no illustrations.
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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 09:31
The conclusion is that more people are able to read because of the invention of printing press.

How does the author arrive to the conclusion? By noticing there is an increase in demand of such books.

We need to weaken the conclusion.

Are there other ways to explain the increase in demand?

Answer choice C addresses a gap.

It basically says a person could buy 2 books for 10 dollars but now is able to buy 20 books for 10 dollars.

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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 22:44
Before the printing press, books could be purchased only in expensive manuscript copies. The printing press produced books that were significantly less expensive than the manuscript editions. The public's demand for printed books in the first years after the invention of the printing press was many times greater than demand had been for manuscript copies. This increase demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

Type- weaken
Boil it down- there was a dramatic jump in the number of people who learned how to read in the years after publishers first started producing books on the printing press.

(A) During the first years after the invention of the printing press, letter writing by people who wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks exhibited a dramatic increase. - Incorrect - If at all this option is a mild strengthener if we assume that reading and writing skills are aspects of literacy and thus move in tandem.

(B) Books produced on the printing press are often found with written comments in the margins in the handwriting of the people who owned the books. - Irrelevant

(C) In the first years after the printing press was invented, printed books were purchased primarily by people who had always bought and read expensive manuscripts but could afford a greater number of printed books for the same money. - Correct ; the increase in books sold didn't come from an increase in readers but from an increase in the number of books read by the same readers as before.

(D) Books that were printed on the printing press in the first years after its invention often circulated among friends in informal reading clubs or libraries. - Incorrect ; strengthener People are sharing the books
, so the number of people who can read are more

(E) The first printed books published after the invention of the printing press would have been useless to illiterate people, since the books had virtually no illustrations. - Incorrect - ONLY people who know how to read are likely to buy these printed books

Answer C
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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2018, 04:15
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This question has already been discussed here https://gmatclub.com/forum/before-the-p ... fl=similar

Merged posts.

Please search before posting Questions

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Re: Before the printing press, books could be purchased only &nbs [#permalink] 09 Nov 2018, 04:15
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