Last visit was: 12 Sep 2024, 22:02 It is currently 12 Sep 2024, 22:02
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2015
Posts: 67
Own Kudos [?]: 733 [137]
Given Kudos: 155
RC & DI Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Status:Math and DI Expert
Posts: 11510
Own Kudos [?]: 35970 [54]
Given Kudos: 333
SVP
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2401
Own Kudos [?]: 15348 [22]
Given Kudos: 26
Location: Germany
Schools:
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE:Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
General Discussion
Current Student
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1422
Own Kudos [?]: 4646 [7]
Given Kudos: 1228
Location: India
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
3
Kudos
4
Bookmarks
A) of several hundred that often have many queens as well as - Correct - 'that' refers to colonies

B) of several hundred, often with many of them being queens as well as having - Incorrect - Awkward

C) having several hundred, and often many of them are queens as well as - Incorrect - Pronoun error - them can refer to colonies or bumblebees

D) that have several hundred of them, often with many queens as well as - Incorrect - Pronoun error

E) with several hundred that often have many queens as well as having - Incorrect - Parallelism error

Intern
Joined: 19 Jan 2014
Posts: 16
Own Kudos [?]: 1 [0]
Given Kudos: 68
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V34
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
in D, what does 'often with many queens as well as large number of workers' modify? please explain.
Director
Joined: 28 Nov 2014
Posts: 747
Own Kudos [?]: 1287 [2]
Given Kudos: 86
Concentration: Strategy
GPA: 3.71
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
DeepikaV
in D, what does 'often with many queens as well as large number of workers' modify? please explain.

It refer to 'colonies'
The sentence is conveying that
a) The bumblebees live in colonies.
b) Each colony comprises of several hundred bumblebees
and
c) These colonies have queen as well as large number of workers.

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Status: GMAT/GRE/LSAT tutors
Posts: 7056
Own Kudos [?]: 65078 [3]
Given Kudos: 1835
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
3
Kudos
If you need more practice with this type of question, a vaguely similar sentence appeared in Souvik's magnificent QOTD series last week: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-prairie ... 42439.html
Intern
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 11
Own Kudos [?]: 8 [0]
Given Kudos: 292
Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
I am still not clear with the usage of "that" in option A...

"That" refers to the Preceding Noun.... so in option A isn't "that" referring to "several hundred (bumblebees)" ??

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Status: GMAT/GRE/LSAT tutors
Posts: 7056
Own Kudos [?]: 65078 [2]
Given Kudos: 1835
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
2
Kudos
MSarmah
I am still not clear with the usage of "that" in option A...

" That " refers to the Preceding Noun.... so in option A isn't "that" referring to "several hundred (bumblebees)" ??
"Bumblebees" isn't the nearest noun to the word "that" in (A): "colonies of several hundred" is also a noun, and it's much closer to the modifier. And the phrase "that often have many queens..." certainly could logically modify "colonies of several hundred."

For more on the uses of the word "that" on the GMAT -- especially as a modifier -- check out this article: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 43686.html.

I hope this helps!
Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2020
Posts: 121
Own Kudos [?]: 64 [0]
Given Kudos: 70
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
Schools: Wharton '23
WE:Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
I am unable to understand the error in D) I've read the above explanations but I disagree with the ones saying the usage of often with queens.... is wrong in D).Can anyone tell me any concrete issue here?
Thanks a ton
SVP
Joined: 17 Jul 2018
Posts: 2009
Own Kudos [?]: 977 [1]
Given Kudos: 140
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
1
Kudos
DanTe02
I am unable to understand the error in D) I've read the above explanations but I disagree with the ones saying the usage of often with queens.... is wrong in D).Can anyone tell me any concrete issue here?
Thanks a ton
Them could refer to colonies or bumblebees (because two nouns are appearing before a prououn)
Such a case creates ambiguity. We want to be firm on what "them" refers to
Intern
Joined: 06 Jul 2020
Posts: 12
Own Kudos [?]: 4 [0]
Given Kudos: 74
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
Can someone please explain why B is wrong?
Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2020
Posts: 121
Own Kudos [?]: 64 [1]
Given Kudos: 70
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
Schools: Wharton '23
WE:Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Irising
Okay so being and having are two ing modifiers
The use of having is very specific in GMAT
GMAT uses having in following form:
Having done her homework, Sia went to ice skating
Having a large number of people working for her, She decided to chill

So you see what's having doing here. What follows it is the effect related in someway. The same goes for every Having + verb construction
Therefore the usage of having is wrong in option B

Posted from my mobile device
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Status: GMAT/GRE/LSAT tutors
Posts: 7056
Own Kudos [?]: 65078 [2]
Given Kudos: 1835
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Irising
Can someone please explain why B is wrong?
Here's (B):
Quote:
Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred, often with many of them being queens as well as having a large number of workers.
There are two main issues to investigate in this answer choice: the pronoun "them" and the parallelism marked by "as well as."

Let's start with the pronoun. There are two plural nouns that could be the antecedent for "them": "Bumblebees" or "colonies." Ambiguity like this isn't an automatic disqualifier on SC questions -- you have to look at the rest of the sentence and see whether at least one of the options works. Here, we can say that "them" must refer to "bumblebees" because of the context in the sentence. It makes sense to say "[...]often with many of the bumblebees being queens," but it doesn't make sense to say "[...]often with many of the colonies being queens." So far, so good.

Now, take a look at the parallelism. Here, "being queens" is parallel to "having a large number of workers." Grammatically, this seems fine (although the GMAT generally frowns on using "being" this way -- check out this article for more info on that topic).

But who, exactly, are described as "being queens" as well as "having a large number of workers"? Here is the parallelism broken out into its separate parts:

"...often with many of them

1) being queens as well as
2) having a large number of workers.

We established earlier that "them" has to refer to "bumblebees." So this sentence describes many bumblebees as "being queens" (fine), as well as many bumblebees "having a large number of workers" (not fine, this doesn't make any sense).

Because "bumblebees" doesn't work for both parallel pieces, this sentence is illogical. Eliminate (B).

I hope that helps!
Intern
Joined: 03 Aug 2019
Posts: 8
Own Kudos [?]: 0 [0]
Given Kudos: 9
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
I was confused about whether colonies should take a singular verb, given it usually represents a collective noun. Or is the rationale that plural forms of collective nouns take plural verbs?
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5129
Own Kudos [?]: 4699 [1]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
1
Kudos
bullishdutta
I was confused about whether colonies should take a singular verb, given it usually represents a collective noun. Or is the rationale that plural forms of collective nouns take plural verbs?

Hello bullishdutta,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, yes: the plural form of a collective noun must take a plural verb.

Singular collective nouns take singular verbs because they refer to multiple things as one collective unit; the plural versions of collective nouns take plural verbs because they refer to multiple instances of those units.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 31 Jan 2020
Posts: 4557
Own Kudos [?]: 1370 [0]
Given Kudos: 17
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
bullishdutta
I was confused about whether colonies should take a singular verb, given it usually represents a collective noun. Or is the rationale that plural forms of collective nouns take plural verbs?

The colonies are large.
The colony is large.

Although the word ARMY may similarly "feel" plural to some people, it is singular: https://gmatclub.com/forum/rivaling-the ... 67423.html
Re: Bumblebees live in colonies of several hundred that often have many qu [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
7056 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
234 posts