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# Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much

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Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2010, 04:15
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Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?
If you have any questions
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2010, 05:26
Hi, Everyone

thanks for your help! all of you!

Well, this is my opinion:

Conclusion:
George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers
Facts:
One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second
Assumptions?
Here, it's important to make some relationship between the readers of the newspaper and the Orwell's book......
And
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? For me, this one, make this RELATIONSHIP!

what do you think guys?

Cheers!
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2010, 05:59
1
KUDOS
choose A

serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?If person read only 1984, he has no choice which book influences most. However if he read plenty of books and choose 1984, we can claim that 1984 influence much. I think this is the best answer

B. How many people chose books other than 1984? If total was 1000 surveyed, and answer tells us 100 or 900 people choose book other than 1984, I think we can evaluate the argument

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? No matter how many people read newspaper. The stimulus states the book has an impact on newspaper's readers, not on all people

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen? No.

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose? The number will give us nothing new
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2010, 07:34
Well,

In that way, I think could be:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984? If total was 1000 surveyed, and answer tells us 100 or 900 people choose book other than 1984, I think we can evaluate the argument

BUT what happens with this: The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second ?

Thanks!
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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29 May 2010, 21:14
The newspaper editore is saying that the book influenced the great number of readers of his newspaper, and he cites the survey with 1000 people as the back up for his argument. However, let's say his news paper has 1 mln readers, 1000 would not be even 1 % of the readership of his newspaper, thus his claim that " George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers" would be false.
Thus question needs to be asked how many people read his newspaper?
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2010, 08:00
OG 12 question. OA is B.

http://www.beatthegmat.com/george-orwel ... hington-DC
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2010, 02:29
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serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

I don't think C is the answer, because the stimulus says that 1000 people were surveyed. So we need to look for an option that would question the validity of the author's conclusion based on the survey data.

The answer should be B. If out of the 1000 people, 995 said Bible,4 said 1984 and 1 opted for another book, then it doesn't make sense to conclude that 1984 was an influential book.
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2010, 03:52
This question comes down to B & E.

E is supposed to be the trick answer for this question. One must keep in mind that a book doesn't have to be read in its entirety (or at all) in order to be influential on people. A perfect example of this would be religious texts; without getting into particularly sensitive specifics, there are plenty of people out there who will do crazy things and citing religious doctrine written in some "holy religious text" as justification, even if they have not read said text in its entirety or have no understanding of its context.

B is the neatly "hidden" right answer for the exact reason cited by vraptor in the post above.
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2011, 18:01
http://www.manhattanlsat.com/forums/q24 ... t4797.html

here the question is different from what is in this post. The people who were surveyed were readers of the news paper. This information is helpful to eliminate C.
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2011, 02:18
looks like a tricky one..

cant decide between B and E

but will go with E
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2011, 07:49
Good question... Got Stumped

Though B is the OA, I still feel C can be the answer
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Re: CR : George Orwell’s book 1984 - nice one [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2011, 11:48
yea... very tricky one indeed... i have an inclination for E... only if people actually read the book... one can say if it has an influence on the people.... but... oa i guess is b and we have to accept that
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Re: Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2016, 01:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2017, 12:44
1
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George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham
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Re: Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 19:34
Quote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?
C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

Quote:
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham

sakshamgmat, thanks for your question! You've already taken a great first step, which is, if possible, to identify the conclusion, "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers." Now, make sure to pay close attention to what is being asked... we are looking for a question whose answer would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument. Note that this does not mean that we need to prove whether the columnist's conclusion is true or false. With that in mind, consider choice B..

Quote:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

If we know how many people out of the 1000 chose books OTHER than 1984, then we know how many people chose 1984 (ie if 990 people chose books other than 1984, that means that only 10 chose 1984; if 600 people chose books other than 1984, then 400 chose 1984). If only 10 chose 1984, then we could easily criticize the columnist's argument because we have no idea if only 10 readers were influenced by 1984 or if a large number of those not surveyed were also influenced by 1984. The actual number of newspaper readers influenced by 1984 could be 10 or it could be 10,000; without more information, we cannot safely reach the columnist's conclusion, but we can indeed evaluate the columnist's conclusion and determine that it is insufficient. Now, what if 400 people chose 1984? If the survey is reasonably accurate, this data tells us that nearly half of the newspaper's readers were influenced by 1984. Sure, it is possible that the newspaper actually has 1,000,000 readers and that only 400 total were influenced by 1984, but it is far more likely that a larger portion were influenced by 1984. And even if only 400 people in total were influenced by 1984, one could still argue that this is a "great number" of readers (the columnist only argued that a great number of readers were influenced by 1984, not that a large percentage of readers were influenced by 1984). Thus, the columnist's argument is reasonable.

Knowing the number of people out of the 1000 surveyed helps us evaluate the columnist's argument better than the answers to the questions in the other choices would, so choice B is the best option. I hope that helps!
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Re: Columnist: George Orwell s book 1984 has exercised much   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2017, 19:34
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