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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2019, 08:05
I get the justification of "appear" vs "appeared." However, I eliminated "appear" do to the plural form instead of the single form "appears" to match with the Neanderthals." Is "appear" one of those verbs that can appear plural or singular.

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New post 21 Aug 2019, 19:28
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thealchemist89 wrote:
I get the justification of "appear" vs "appeared." However, I eliminated "appear" do to the plural form instead of the single form "appears" to match with the Neanderthals." Is "appear" one of those verbs that can appear plural or singular.

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Hi thealchemist89,

The Neanderthals is, in fact, plural, so appear is correct.

The singular is Neanderthal, and that would need appears.
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New post 16 Oct 2019, 20:06
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! First, here is the original question with the major differences between options highlighted in orange:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences stand out:

1. appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been
2. equipped for facing / equipped to face
3. path / paths


Let's start with #1 on our list: appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been. While this may look complicated, it's really just a matter of verb tense and meaning. Here is what each of these structures really means:

appear(ed) as --> present tense --> Neanderthals still exist and are equipped to face obstacles
appear(ed) to have been --> past tense --> Neanderthals don't still exist, but they were equipped for obstacles in the past

Since we know that the Neanderthals are extinct because of what's written later in the sentence, we know that we can rule out any sentences that suggest Neanderthals still exist in present day. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(*While option D is technically past tense, it's not idiomatically correct to say "appeared as" in this case. Saying "appeared to have been" is clearer.)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

We can eliminate options A, C, & D because they place Neanderthals as alive in present day, which they are certainly not.

Next, let's tackle #2 on our list: equipped for facing / equipped to face. This is an issue of idioms! While the phrases "equipped to" and "equipped for" are both grammatically correct, there is a rule for what is allowed to come after them:

equipped to + VERB (Our new car is equipped to drive in icy conditions.)
equipped for + NOUN (My family is well equipped for a tornado.)

Let's see how the remaining options hold up against this rule:

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is CORRECT because it uses the structure equipped to + VERB correctly.

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is INCORRECT because it uses a verb after "equipped for," when the rule states that it can only be followed by a noun.


There you have it - option B is the correct choice!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Since we are talking about the past , why appeared isnt correct?
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2019, 08:25
1
unflinchingSubhs wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! First, here is the original question with the major differences between options highlighted in orange:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences stand out:

1. appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been
2. equipped for facing / equipped to face
3. path / paths


Let's start with #1 on our list: appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been. While this may look complicated, it's really just a matter of verb tense and meaning. Here is what each of these structures really means:

appear(ed) as --> present tense --> Neanderthals still exist and are equipped to face obstacles
appear(ed) to have been --> past tense --> Neanderthals don't still exist, but they were equipped for obstacles in the past

Since we know that the Neanderthals are extinct because of what's written later in the sentence, we know that we can rule out any sentences that suggest Neanderthals still exist in present day. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(*While option D is technically past tense, it's not idiomatically correct to say "appeared as" in this case. Saying "appeared to have been" is clearer.)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

We can eliminate options A, C, & D because they place Neanderthals as alive in present day, which they are certainly not.

Next, let's tackle #2 on our list: equipped for facing / equipped to face. This is an issue of idioms! While the phrases "equipped to" and "equipped for" are both grammatically correct, there is a rule for what is allowed to come after them:

equipped to + VERB (Our new car is equipped to drive in icy conditions.)
equipped for + NOUN (My family is well equipped for a tornado.)

Let's see how the remaining options hold up against this rule:

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is CORRECT because it uses the structure equipped to + VERB correctly.

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is INCORRECT because it uses a verb after "equipped for," when the rule states that it can only be followed by a noun.


There you have it - option B is the correct choice!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Since we are talking about the past , why appeared isnt correct?

See if this post helps answer your question. If not, let us know!
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New post 18 Oct 2019, 21:45
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
unflinchingSubhs wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! First, here is the original question with the major differences between options highlighted in orange:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences stand out:

1. appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been
2. equipped for facing / equipped to face
3. path / paths


Let's start with #1 on our list: appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been. While this may look complicated, it's really just a matter of verb tense and meaning. Here is what each of these structures really means:

appear(ed) as --> present tense --> Neanderthals still exist and are equipped to face obstacles
appear(ed) to have been --> past tense --> Neanderthals don't still exist, but they were equipped for obstacles in the past

Since we know that the Neanderthals are extinct because of what's written later in the sentence, we know that we can rule out any sentences that suggest Neanderthals still exist in present day. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(*While option D is technically past tense, it's not idiomatically correct to say "appeared as" in this case. Saying "appeared to have been" is clearer.)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

We can eliminate options A, C, & D because they place Neanderthals as alive in present day, which they are certainly not.

Next, let's tackle #2 on our list: equipped for facing / equipped to face. This is an issue of idioms! While the phrases "equipped to" and "equipped for" are both grammatically correct, there is a rule for what is allowed to come after them:

equipped to + VERB (Our new car is equipped to drive in icy conditions.)
equipped for + NOUN (My family is well equipped for a tornado.)

Let's see how the remaining options hold up against this rule:

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is CORRECT because it uses the structure equipped to + VERB correctly.

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is INCORRECT because it uses a verb after "equipped for," when the rule states that it can only be followed by a noun.


There you have it - option B is the correct choice!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Since we are talking about the past , why appeared isnt correct?

See if this post helps answer your question. If not, let us know!



Just stating my understanding . Correct me if I am wrong .
Because the later part of the sentence uses the word indicates (present tense) ...appear s correct ?
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New post 05 Mar 2020, 04:20
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Palaeolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - Appear as is incorrect since it suggests ‘appear as something’

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - correct – the verb indicates suggests that the fact that they appear to have been equipped but indicates something is all happening in the present context.

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths, - same reason as A

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,- same reason as A


(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - the past tense ‘appeared’ is incorrect because it suggests that the Neanderthals no longer appear to have been equipped.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2020, 14:56
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! First, here is the original question with the major differences between options highlighted in orange:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences stand out:

1. appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been
2. equipped for facing / equipped to face
3. path / paths


Let's start with #1 on our list: appear(ed) as / appear(ed) to have been. While this may look complicated, it's really just a matter of verb tense and meaning. Here is what each of these structures really means:

appear(ed) as --> present tense --> Neanderthals still exist and are equipped to face obstacles
appear(ed) to have been --> past tense --> Neanderthals don't still exist, but they were equipped for obstacles in the past

Since we know that the Neanderthals are extinct because of what's written later in the sentence, we know that we can rule out any sentences that suggest Neanderthals still exist in present day. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(*While option D is technically past tense, it's not idiomatically correct to say "appeared as" in this case. Saying "appeared to have been" is clearer.)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

We can eliminate options A, C, & D because they place Neanderthals as alive in present day, which they are certainly not.

Next, let's tackle #2 on our list: equipped for facing / equipped to face. This is an issue of idioms! While the phrases "equipped to" and "equipped for" are both grammatically correct, there is a rule for what is allowed to come after them:

equipped to + VERB (Our new car is equipped to drive in icy conditions.)
equipped for + NOUN (My family is well equipped for a tornado.)

Let's see how the remaining options hold up against this rule:

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is CORRECT because it uses the structure equipped to + VERB correctly.

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

This is INCORRECT because it uses a verb after "equipped for," when the rule states that it can only be followed by a noun.


There you have it - option B is the correct choice!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.

Hi could you please help me to understand this?

have been equipped - means they were equipped in the past and still equipped in the present time, doesn't it. If that is the case, how B is correct? Neanderthals were equipped in the past; they are no longer existed so they are not equipped anymore. Please advise.
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 May 2020, 17:47
Hello All,

I understand that in this example "Appear" needs to be followed by "To". what I am puzzled with is the use of "Have + P.P"; the state of being equipped is something that was happened and completed in the past so was its effect. Shouldn't we use "appear to had been equipped" instead?

Originally posted by hamed288 on 11 Apr 2020, 15:41.
Last edited by hamed288 on 02 May 2020, 17:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2020, 17:50
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hamed288 wrote:
Hello All,

I understand that in this example "Appear" needs to be followed by "To". what I am puzzled with is the use of "Have + P.P"; the state of being equipped is something that was happened and completed in the past so its effect is. Shouldn't we use "appear to had been equipped" instead?
Hi hamed288,

The to here introduces an infinitive. Infinitives are not full verbs, and the only form we can use after the to in an infinitive is the plain (simplest) form. The plain form of have is have.

In other words, we should not apply our knowledge of tenses to infinitives, as infinitives are not (full) verbs.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2020, 04:17
tejal777 wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,


Attachment:
01.jpg

Attachment:
02.jpg


***************************
(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

Appear to
Equipped to

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2020, 09:23
Here's my take on this question. I hope it can be helpful


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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2020, 22:19
Hi experts / egmat,

This might be an extremely silly question, so very sorry for asking - but I understand the usage of perfect infinitive (to have been Verb-ed). But what I fail to comprehend is how does "appear(ed) as equipped" point to present tense? What is the actual verb in the sentence that points to the present tense of the act of being equipped in either "appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path" or "appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths," ?

Thank you!
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2020, 22:48
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Soubhik_Bardhan wrote:
I understand the usage of perfect infinitive (to have been Verb-ed). But what I fail to comprehend is how does "appear(ed) as equipped" point to present tense? What is the actual verb in the sentence that points to the present tense of the act of being equipped in either "appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path" or "appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths," ?

Hi Soubhik, appear is the verb.

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Perfect infinitive. This might enhance your understanding. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Nea   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2020, 22:48

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