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Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe

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Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 154
Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2019, 10:14
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:36) correct 40% (01:42) wrong based on 150 sessions

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Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expensive than plastic bags. And plastic is not biodegradable, which means that using plastic bags clutters up landfills and pollutes the environment. Customers can preserve the environment by making exclusive use of paper bags, and we can encourage them to do so by informing them that this is the case. Thus, we can save money on shopping bags by drawing attention to this advantage paper bags have over plastic.

Which of the following, if true, would most indicate a vulnerability of the community representative's argument?

A. It take multiple paper bags to carry securely the same amount of groceries that could hit into a plastic bag
B. Plastic bags are only a portion of the litter that makes its at to landfills
C. Paper bags have already become more popular than plastic bags
D.Biodegradable plastic bags are increasingly available
E. Paper and plastic prices are volatile and subject to change in the future.
Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
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Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2019, 10:20
My confusion in this question is that:
The representative is considering effect on the environment (biodegradable) as one of the most important factor of luring people to use paper bags.
Hence I feel D is the option that can weaken the argument as the customers would no longer be lured by "effect on nature" argument.
However, there is also the case, that the price of biodegradable plastic bags has not been discussed. We can also counter this options by saying that these bags could be actually cheaper.

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Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2019, 11:08
1
aniket16c wrote:
My confusion in this question is that:
The representative is considering effect on the environment (biodegradable) as one of the most important factor of luring people to use paper bags.
Hence I feel D is the option that can weaken the argument as the customers would no longer be lured by "effect on nature" argument.
However, there is also the case, that the price of biodegradable plastic bags has not been discussed. We can also counter this options by saying that these bags could be actually cheaper.

Just see the conclusion once again....conclusion is that we could save money on shopping bags....

Therefore we have to see the weakness in the author's reasoning to draw this conclusions from the reasoning in argument.
Option A clearly states that if we buy more paper bags than plastic bags for the same stuffs .. it weakens

Option D is concerned with the premise and it does not address the conclusion in hand

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Manager
Joined: 19 Mar 2018
Posts: 67
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 600 Q42 V31
GPA: 4
WE: Operations (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2019, 07:02
1
aniket16c wrote:
Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expensive than plastic bags. And plastic is not biodegradable, which means that using plastic bags clutters up landfills and pollutes the environment. Customers can preserve the environment by making exclusive use of paper bags, and we can encourage them to do so by informing them that this is the case. Thus, we can save money on shopping bags by drawing attention to this advantage paper bags have over plastic.

Which of the following, if true, would most indicate a vulnerability of the community representative's argument?

A. It take multiple paper bags to carry securely the same amount of groceries that could hit into a plastic bag
B. Plastic bags are only a portion of the litter that makes its at to landfills
C. Paper bags have already become more popular than plastic bags
D.Biodegradable plastic bags are increasingly available
E. Paper and plastic prices are volatile and subject to change in the future.

Here, we have to demolish the conclusion - "we can save money on shopping bags by drawing attention....."
We have to present a situation in which either it is equally expensive in both cases or that paper bags would cost more than plastic bags.
A presents this case by showing that for the same amount of groceries more paper bags would be required. This may lead to an increase in the expenses. Therefore, A is correct.
B, C, D and E are completely irrelevant.
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Joined: 30 Mar 2018
Posts: 27
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Nonprofit
GMAT 1: 650 Q44 V35
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Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2019, 21:40
Why cant it be E? Wouldn't price change also impact how much money you save

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Manager
Status: The darker the night, the nearer the dawn!
Joined: 16 Jun 2018
Posts: 182
Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2019, 02:54
1
swatato wrote:
Why cant it be E? Wouldn't price change also impact how much money you save

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Conclusion:
Thus, we can SAVE money on shopping bags by drawing attention to this advantage paper bags have over plastic.

Pre-Think:
During a shopping venture, the overall cost of Paper bags MUST be less than that of the plastics bags.

The Q's aim is to find a flaw( vulnerability ) in the argument -
If we can show a decisive disadvantage of Paper bags over Plastic bags, we will be able to answer the Q conclusively.
-, i.e., why even after being told to the customers the environment-friendly prospect of paper bags, the consumers would NOT use Paper bags over Plastic bags?

A. It takes multiple paper bags to carry securely the same amount of groceries that could hit into a plastic bag
Aha!
As compared to the plastic bags, if multiple paper bags need to be carried for the same amount of groceries.
We may NOT have savings on cost. - A flaw

B. Plastic bags are only a portion of the litter that makes it at to landfills
Even if the Plastic bags are ONLY a portion of the litter, let's say - a mere 5%, the plastic bags DO affect the environment.
Moreover, B does NOT address the conclusion - savings in cost.

C. Paper bags have already become more popular than plastic bags
Great! So ideally, we MUST see some savings. C answers the Q in the opposite direction.
We need to find a flaw. Why savings won't happen on switching from Plastic bags to Paper bags?

D. Biodegradable plastic bags are increasingly available
We are worried about the COST. The environment is NOT the decisive criteria.

E. Paper and plastic prices are volatile and subject to change in the future.
Nice! E states both the prices are volatile.
However, it fails to address whether the prices of plastic bags are more volatile than Paper bags.

Moreover, volatility ----implies----> a rampant change in price.
A change can sway in both the direction either upward or downward.
We CANNOT be sure that the OVERALL cost of Paper bags is necessarily less than that of plastic bags.
Re: Community representative: Paper bags are substantially less expe   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2019, 02:54
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