GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Oct 2018, 16:46

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 474
Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 May 2011, 08:25
5
1
30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:49) correct 45% (02:11) wrong based on 1289 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that lawyers who advertise a specific service charge less for that service than lawyers who do not advertise. It is also true that each time restrictions on the advertising of legal services have been eliminated, the number of lawyers advertising their services has increased and legal costs to consumers have declined in consequence. However, eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs. Lawyers would no longer have an incentive to lower their fees when they begin advertising and if no longer required to specify fee arrangements, many lawyers who now advertise would increase their fees.

In the consumer advocate’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a generalization that the consumer advocate accepts as true; the second is presented as a consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.

(B) The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate argues will be repeated in the case at issue; the second acknowledges a circumstance in which that pattern would not hold.

(C) The first is pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate predicts will not hold in the case at issue; the second offers a consideration in support of that prediction.

(D) The first is evidence that the consumer advocate offers in support of a certain prediction; the second is that prediction.

(E) The first acknowledges a consideration that weighs against the main position that the consumer advocate defends; the second is that position.

GMATPrep Code : VCR07545
VP
VP
avatar
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1055
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 May 2011, 00:27
2
Its a clean C.

1st statement is a cause and effect statement.
2nd gives a reasoning for the conclusion drawn by the advocate.

time 1:24
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 172
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GMAT 1: 590 Q40 V30
GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V40
WE: Project Management (Entertainment and Sports)
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2014, 08:43
2
Consumer advocate: it is generally true, at least in this state, that lawyers who advertise a specific service
charge less for that service than lawyers who do not advertise. It is also true that each time restrictions on the
advertising of legal services have been eliminated, the number of lawyers advertising their services has
increased and legal costs to consumers have declined in consequence. However, eliminating the state
requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase
rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs. Lawyers would no longer have an incentive to lower their fees
when they begin advertising and if no longer required to specify fee arrangements, many lawyers who now
advertise would increase their fees.

The conclusion represents the main thought of the author, indicators may help, but once you reach the end of the argument you should already have a clear idea about the author's position. That idea is the main point and the author's conclusion.

- General statemet
B1 - Adds more to the general statement
- Argues against boldface B1 (main idea of the passage)
B2 - supports the main idea

Additionally: B1 and B2 follow an opposite direction. Since B2 supports the main point and the main point argues against B1.


In the consumer advocate’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a generalization that the consumer advocate accepts as true; the second is presented as a
consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.
B1 and B2 follow an opposite direction. wrong
(B) The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate argues will be repeated in the case at
issue; the second acknowledges a circumstance in which that pattern would not hold.
the second supports the main point. wrong
(C) The first is pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate predicts will not hold in the case at issue;
the second offers a consideration in support of that prediction.
Looks good, "prediction" is out main point, B2 supports the main point. B1 is indeed a pattern of cause and effect that won't hold true.
(D) The first is evidence that the consumer advocate offers in support of a certain prediction; the second is that
prediction.
B1 and B2 take a different direction. wrong
(E) The first acknowledges a consideration that weighs against the main position that the consumer advocate
defends; the second is that position.
The second supports the main position, it is not the main position itself. wrong

P.S. Timing is important but don't get stressed too much, Boldface are hard questions especially for non-natives like me. Figure out an approach that leads you to the correct answer and be consistent with it.
_________________

learn the rules of the game, then play better than anyone else.

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 209
GMAT 1: 620 Q44 V31
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 610 Q47 V28
GMAT 4: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 5: 700 Q49 V36
GMAT 6: 690 Q48 V35
GMAT 7: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT 8: 730 Q50 V39
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Apr 2014, 09:47
I picked (D) over (C), because I didn't agree with the fact that BF 2 was a consideration.
How is BF2 a consideration?
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Apr 2014, 10:52
3
TooLong150 wrote:
I picked (D) over (C), because I didn't agree with the fact that BF 2 was a consideration.
How is BF2 a consideration?

Dear TooLong150,
The word "consideration" is a funny word. In colloquial speech, it is used to mean "courtesy" --- to show someone some consideration. That usage is far too casual for the GMAT.

In the formal sense, the word "consideration" means: a thought, an idea, an intelligent perspective, or an argument. Any well-thought out statement could be called a "consideration", so in that sense, virtually every sentence that appears in the GMAT CR could be called a "consideration."

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: suffer now and live forever as a champion!!!
Joined: 01 Sep 2013
Posts: 117
Location: India
Dheeraj: Madaraboina
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Apr 2014, 23:19
Hi Mike,

I have a doubt regarding boldfaced CR question.

Do we need to evaluate what role the two bold faced statements play with regard to Conclusion ?
(or)
Do we have any other method to evaluate these kind of Questions.

As far as this question is concerned, my method of solving the question is this

If we consider "eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs" as Conclusion and then evaluate the two bold faced Statements then we get

a) first bold faced opposes (or) does not hold true
b) Second bold faced statement is in favor (or) Supports the conclusion.

Hence Answer is C.

Mike , could you please tell whether my approach is correct or wrong.

Thanks in advance :)
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2014, 10:56
1
dheeraj24 wrote:
Hi Mike,

I have a doubt regarding boldfaced CR question.

Do we need to evaluate what role the two bold faced statements play with regard to Conclusion ?
(or)
Do we have any other method to evaluate these kind of Questions.

As far as this question is concerned, my method of solving the question is this

If we consider "eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs" as Conclusion and then evaluate the two bold faced Statements then we get

a) first bold faced opposes (or) does not hold true
b) Second bold faced statement is in favor (or) Supports the conclusion.

Hence Answer is C.

Mike , could you please tell whether my approach is correct or wrong.

Thanks in advance :)

Dear dheeraj24,
I'm happy to respond.

First of all, your approach in this question is correct. The sentence you quoted I would call the conclusion, and I agree with your interpretation of the two BF statements.

I would say: in every every every GMAT CR, you should know exactly what the conclusion is. If you don't understand what the conclusion of an argument is, then you don't understand the argument. More than that, you should always understand the role of every single sentence in every single argument, and how it relates to the conclusion. Don't think of boldface questions as a separate category ---- they are simply testing a skill that you should be applying 100% of the time in every sentence of every argument. If you find arguments in which you don't understand the roles of individual sentences, those are fantastic questions to post here on GMAT Club and ask experts for their advice. You are always more than welcome to send me a p.m. asking for my input.

Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Status: Professional GMAT Tutor
Affiliations: AB, cum laude, Harvard University (Class of '02)
Joined: 10 Jul 2015
Posts: 671
Location: United States (CA)
Age: 38
GMAT 1: 770 Q47 V48
GMAT 2: 730 Q44 V47
GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V42
GRE 1: Q168 V169
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2016, 01:01
2
Attached is a visual that should help.
Attachments

Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 1.00.41 AM.png
Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 1.00.41 AM.png [ 113.96 KiB | Viewed 5253 times ]


_________________

Harvard grad and 99% GMAT scorer, offering expert, private GMAT tutoring and coaching, both in-person (San Diego, CA, USA) and online worldwide, since 2002.

One of the only known humans to have taken the GMAT 5 times and scored in the 700s every time (700, 710, 730, 750, 770), including verified section scores of Q50 / V47, as well as personal bests of 8/8 IR (2 times), 6/6 AWA (4 times), 50/51Q and 48/51V (1 question wrong).

You can download my official test-taker score report (all scores within the last 5 years) directly from the Pearson Vue website: https://tinyurl.com/y94hlarr Date of Birth: 09 December 1979.

GMAT Action Plan and Free E-Book - McElroy Tutoring

Contact: mcelroy@post.harvard.edu (I do not respond to PMs on GMAT Club.)

...or find me on Reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/GMATpreparation

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Dec 2015
Posts: 262
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
WE: Investment Banking (Venture Capital)
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 09:51
2
Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that lawyers who advertise a specific service charge less for that service than lawyers who do not advertise. It is also true that each time restrictions on the advertising of legal services have been eliminated, the number of lawyers advertising their services has increased and legal costs to consumers have declined in consequence. However, eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs. Lawyers would no longer have an incentive to lower their fees when they begin advertising and if no longer required to specify fee arrangements, many lawyers who now advertise would increase their fees.

In the consumer advocate’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

IDENTIFY CONCLUSION: However, eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs.
> BF2 = premise supporting the Conclusion


(A) The first is a generalization that the consumer advocate accepts as true; the second is presented as a consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.
- BF2 is NOT a consequence...

(B) The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate argues will be repeated in the case at issue; the second acknowledges a circumstance in which that pattern would not hold.
- BF2 does not acknowledge a circumstance in which a pattern (identified by BF1) does not hold

(C) The first is pattern of cause and effect that the consumer advocate predicts will not hold in the case at issue; the second offers a consideration in support of that prediction.
- correct as is. pattern will not hold b/c author goes on to say that eliminating requirements would increase costs (instead of eliminating them). also, BF2 is supporting the prediction (conclusion)

(D) The first is evidence that the consumer advocate offers in support of a certain prediction; the second is that prediction.
- BF2 is not a conclusion or prediction -- it is evidence/a premise

(E) The first acknowledges a consideration that weighs against the main position that the consumer advocate defends; the second is that position.
- BF2 is not a conclusion

What is great about this question is once you've identified the Conclusion, it's easy to spot what BF2 does (support the conclusion). Examine the A/C -- all of the incorrect ones do not categorize BF2 properly.

Kudos please if helpful :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 139
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: 620 Q36 V39
GMAT 2: 650 Q47 V33
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2017, 03:32
I am not satisfied with explanation at all. I think that this question is hard because choices B and C are almost identical, however, I root for choice B because in my opinion there is nothing in the first bold face portion that indicates that indicates prediction that this pattern for reduction of costs will not hold! Am I blind? Missing something?
C'mon - this is the first bold portion "...each time restrictions on the advertising of legal services have been eliminated, the number of lawyers advertising their services has increased and legal costs to consumers have declined in consequence". Where in this entire bold portion 1 you see prediction that this pattern will not hold? Not in this portion at all. There is nothing to indicate that this argument is not correct, not in this boldface portion. A second portion acknowledges a circumstance in which pattern will not hold - exactly C. Look, the pattern is valid but not in case if requirement to specify fee arrangements ceases.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2017, 10:13
2
Erjan_S wrote:
I am not satisfied with explanation at all. I think that this question is hard because choices B and C are almost identical, however, I root for choice B because in my opinion there is nothing in the first bold face portion that indicates that indicates prediction that this pattern for reduction of costs will not hold! Am I blind? Missing something?
C'mon - this is the first bold portion "...each time restrictions on the advertising of legal services have been eliminated, the number of lawyers advertising their services has increased and legal costs to consumers have declined in consequence". Where in this entire bold portion 1 you see prediction that this pattern will not hold? Not in this portion at all. There is nothing to indicate that this argument is not correct, not in this boldface portion. A second portion acknowledges a circumstance in which pattern will not hold - exactly C. Look, the pattern is valid but not in case if requirement to specify fee arrangements ceases.

Dear Erjan_S,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

I agree, there's something subtle going on here--what exactly is the "case at hand" discussed in (B) & (C)?

One way to think about this is to think about the the personality of the person making an argument. First, think about a general argument:
Premise #1 (we all agree on this)
Premise #2 (we all agree on this)
Conclusion (this is what I really wanted to say to you)
If I am the person making the argument, the premises are just things I say to lay the groundwork, to establish agreement points with others before I try to change how they thing; by contrast, the conclusion represents my thoughts, what I really have to say. That's my focus and concern. In any argument, the focus is the conclusion.

In this argument, the first two sentences are premises. That's what has started in the past and has been true for a long time. There's nothing new happening there, just the same old patterns. What has been happening for years is not the "case at hand," the pressing issue of the moment.

In sentence #3, we hear about something that sounds new: "eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services." This is a new element, apparently up for discussion right now, so this is the "case at hand." This is the controversial issue. This is where the focus of the author is. This is the matter under debate: everyone agrees on the premises, but presumably not everyone agrees with this author--he wouldn't have to make his argument if everyone else agreed with him! He is making his argument, his case, about this possible new change in the law.

Thus, BF #1 is something that preceded the case at hand, and the author expects that that pattern will not continue to hold in the case at hand.
BF #2 is a reason why that pattern will not hold in the case at hand.
This is precisely what (C) says.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Aug 2011
Posts: 17
Location: United States (NY)
Undergraduate: Stanford
GMAT 1: 700 Q44 V40
GMAT 2: 700 Q47 V40
WE: Asset Management (Consulting)
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2017, 14:40
1. Bold Face
2. Look for conclusion: However, eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs.

Label all sentences:
- background / doesn't support conclusion
- background / doesn't support conclusion
- doesn't support conclusion
- conclusion
- premise

3. Looking for background / premise combination

4. Focusing on identifying the role of the first boldface...
A: Ok. Author does say "it is true"
B: No. The conclusion states the pattern will not hold. Eliminate
C: Ok. True.
D: No. This doesn't support the conclusion
E: Ok. Hold onto this.

Now looking for the second bold face:
A: No. The second boldface is contrary to the prediction.
C: Ok. This works. Hold.
E: No. The second boldface is not a conclusion.

My selection: Choice C

Some people might ask, how to tell which of the following is conclusion?:

X: However, eliminating the state requirement that legal advertisements must specify fees for specific services would almost certainly increase rather than further reduce consumer’s legal costs.
Y: Lawyers would no longer have an incentive to lower their fees when they begin advertising and if no longer required to specify fee arrangements, many lawyers who now advertise would increase their fees.

X: This sentence is a prediction/claim that doesn't have any support.
Y: States a condition that if met, an outcome follows. The condition mentioned is used as premise.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 207
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2018, 07:20
can someone please tell me why option B is incorrect .
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2018, 17:22
longhaul123 wrote:
can someone please tell me why option B is incorrect .

Dear longhaul123,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, because I have high hopes for your excellence, I am going to chide you. What you have presented here is not a high quality question. It probably took you less than 60 seconds to formulate and post this question. The low effort you invested is indicative of how little your question stands to help you. You see, students naively believe that education is something that experts "do" to students. In fact, you are 100% responsible for your education: it is something you "do" to yourself, by yourself, and for yourself. We experts can provide information, but the hard work of learning and assimilation falls firmly on your shoulders.

It would be of much greater benefit to you to ask a high quality question. Such a question would make clear everything about your approach to the question. You would explain your understanding of the prompt and the reasons you believe that (B) is a valid answer. You see, in writing all that, you would be forced to reflect and to articulate your reflection, and these processes would engage aspects of the human brain that were not engaged when you posted the above question. The more of brain is engaged, the more deeply you will learn and understand. Sometimes, this reflection allows you to deepen your understanding enough that you see the answer to your own question: that is ideal. Short of that, all this work "primes" your brain to receive the answer of an expert. The detailed question also allows the expert to give you a more focused response that address your need in particular. Doing what you can to prepare your brain to receive information is a crucial and vastly underestimated part of learning. I would guess that 95% of people taking the GMAT have access to all the information that would be required to get 730+ on the GMAT, but because it's so hard to learn and assimilate all that information, and retain it under pressure, only 4% of test takers actually score in the 730+ range. Information is widely available, but the truly outstanding students are those who can remember and retain what they learn. Asking excellent questions is one of the best ways to prepare you mind to receive a particular piece of information. See:
Asking Excellent Questions

My friend, my challenge to you is (a) to read that blog article thorough, (b) read this entire thread with all the discussion, and (c) if you still have a question at that point, to spend time crafting the highest quality question you can formulate. If you do that, I will be more than happy to answer it.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jan 2018, 17:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Consumer advocate: It is generally true, at least in this state, that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.