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Critics of certain pollution-control regulations have claimed that the

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New post Updated on: 23 Jan 2019, 03:10
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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Critics of certain pollution-control regulations have claimed that the money spent over the last decade in order to reduce emissions of carbon monoxide and of volatile organic compounds has been wasted. The evidence they offer in support of this claim might appear compelling: despite the money spent, annual emissions of these pollutants have been increasing steadily. This evidence is far from adequate, however, since over the last decade a substantial number of new industrial facilities that emit these pollutants have been built.

In the reasoning given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the second is evidence that has been cited by others in support of that claim.

B. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the second is a position for which the reasoning seeks to provide support.

C. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by the evidence; the second is a position for which the reasoning seeks to provide support.

D. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by the evidence; the second is evidence used to support the reasoning’s contention.

E. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by the evidence; the second is evidence that has been used to support that position.

Originally posted by icandy on 05 Feb 2009, 18:06.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Jan 2019, 03:10, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question.
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New post 06 Feb 2009, 13:53
Hi mates,

IMO A

C, D and E out: the first part is a claim.

Between A and B, I'd go with A since the second part is an evidence

OA and Source?

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New post 06 Feb 2009, 19:38
JohnLewis1980 wrote:
Hi mates,

IMO A

C, D and E out: the first part is a claim.

Between A and B, I'd go with A since the second part is an evidence

OA and Source?

Regards


The answer is D. Also, position and claim can be used interchangeably (so you cannot eliminate an answer choice in this choice based on the fact that it states a "position".
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New post 07 Feb 2009, 02:19
:oops: I'm afraid so. The word "claimed" led me to an error...
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New post 27 Sep 2011, 09:56
I picked D. It took me 3:02 mins. I need to speed up.

stm 1: Critics opinion with no adequate evidence
stm 2: Author evidence that attacks critics opinion
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New post 27 Sep 2011, 22:19
What is the difference between position & evidence????
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New post 27 Sep 2011, 22:30
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GMATPASSION wrote:
What is the difference between position & evidence????


Evidence is a fact. A position is an opinion or a thesis.
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New post 28 Sep 2011, 03:15
IMO D. Took 2 mins answer this one and had to read the stimulus twice :(

icandy wrote:
Critics of certain pollution-control regulations have claimed that the money spent
over the last decade in order to reduce emissions of carbon monoxide and of
volatile organic compounds has been wasted
. The evidence they offer in support
of this claim might appear compelling: despite the money spent, annual emissions of
these pollutants have been increasing steadily. This evidence is far from adequate,
however, since over the last decade a substantial number of new industrial
facilities that emit these pollutants have been built.

In the reasoning given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the second
is evidence that has been cited by others in support of that claim. - INCORRECT. The second part gives it away. The reasoning does not provide evidence to support first, infact its against the first.
B. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the second
is a position for which the reasoning seeks to provide support. - INCORRECT. The second is not a position, its an evidence.
C. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by
the evidence; the second is a position for which the reasoning seeks to provide
support. - INCORRECT. The argument infact says that the evidence in favor of first is compelling.
D. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by
the evidence; the second is evidence used to support the reasoning’s
contention. - CORRECT
E. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately supported by
the evidence; the second is evidence that has been used to support that
position.- INCORRECT ummm....kind of same reasoning as A

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New post 20 Aug 2014, 19:01
In option 1, author says: "The first identifies a claim", does it mean first is itself a claim or first found a claim somewhere in the passage?
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New post 12 Sep 2016, 02:42
first is an Opinion the second is a Fact, so eliminate B,C

D fits
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New post 26 Mar 2017, 07:09
In such questions the process of elimination from one side to other works awesome can solve the problem in 1 min 40 sec. IMO its D
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New post 19 Apr 2017, 20:25
A. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the
second is evidence that has been cited by others in support of that claim.
Wrong: second does not support the claim in first

B. The first identifies a claim that the reasoning seeks to show is false; the
second is a position for which the reasoning seeks to provide support.
The second is evidence, and not a position.

C. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately
supported by the evidence; the second is a position for which the
reasoning seeks to provide support. Second is not a position.

D. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately
supported by the evidence; the second is evidence used to support the
reasoning’s contention. CORRECT.

E. The first is a position that the reasoning contends is inadequately
supported by the evidence; the second is evidence that has been used to
support that position. Second is evidence that opposes the first position
(that position)
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Re: Critics of certain pollution-control regulations have claimed that the   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2019, 05:42
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