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# Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older

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Manager
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Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 15:08
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Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(D) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 18:49
perfectstranger wrote:
Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.
The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(D) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

Other type of this question exists but this is another version. Please explain in a detailed way.Nice explanation will be appreciated with kudos ) . OA after explanations.

Answer is B. The fact that delta corp moved from fossil fuel to electricity and fact that fossil fuel to generate electricity that supports delta's operation is less than that directly be the fuel for delta's operation are two supporting statements for the conclusion that delta corp is now using less fossil fuel.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 23:28
another vote for (B). i just looked at the second part...which is not quite a conclusion. the conclusion is "the new technologies allow Delta Products Inc less fuel to produce same output..." the second highlighted part provides content for the conclusion.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2009, 10:16
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(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.

Look at the second part of the question - "the second identifies the content of that conclusion"

Now question to yourself - Does the second bold faced does that?

Now go back and check for it and you will realize that the second bold faced does identifies what the conclusion is when it says - "The question .....is"

And obviously the first bold faced supports the conclusion as to why Delta moved partly towards electricity

Hope that helps
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2010, 04:44
perfectstranger wrote:
Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.
The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(D) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

the OA must be E, I picked B though
the problem is identification of conclusion, it seems the conclusion is simply : the ANSWER, CLEARLY IS YES
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2010, 06:31
I belive it is B, what is the OA?
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2010, 20:58
perfectstranger wrote:
Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.
The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(D) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

Other type of this question exists but this is another version. Please explain in a detailed way.Nice explanation will be appreciated with kudos ) . OA after explanations.

I have a fundamental question do you consider the role of just the boldface portion of the sentence or the whole sentence. In PowerScore CR I see that they consider the whole sentence.

If we look at the for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. I firmly believe that it "identifies the content of that conclusion." which is option B. I wont agree with E as second statement does not provide any support to conclusion, it instead raises a question to gather support for the conclusion.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2010, 18:33

Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

Different areas were bolded and I found consistency with the second bold. This would've changed my own answer if I saw the actual bolds of the text. I chose B, but the answer is E, and I see why now.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 10:01
Chill Guys.

The actual question is :

Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta’s operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?
A: The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
B: The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
C: The first states the position that the argument opposes; the second states the conclusion of the argument.
D: Each provides evidence that calls the conclusion of the argument into question.
E: Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

And the OA is : E
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 00:51
drdorian wrote:
I belive it is B, what is the OA?

oh if anybody who claimed that the answer is E is definately mistake for another CR which is the same contend but with another boldfaced sentence... here is the sentence which the answer is E
Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta’s operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?
A: The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
B: The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
C: The first states the position that the argument opposes; the second states the conclusion of the argument.
D: Each provides evidence that calls the conclusion of the argument into question.
E: Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 02:18
I also went for B.
But after analyzing it may be E, because we need to bring the " Clearly, Yes" factor to complete the conclusion. If the bold face portion would have included "Yes" part, then we can call it as conclusion of the argument. Failing this, its mere a support to the conclusion.

I have tried to justify OA E but still willing to take IMO B
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 13:17
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In bold faced questions, quickly break down the argument to see what role each statement is playing.

Premises:
1. Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. (Data given to us to support the conclusion)
2. the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant. (Again, data provided to support the conclusion)

What is the conclusion? By giving this data, what is the author trying to say?
- for a given level of output, Delta’s operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly
He says, 'whether it can be concluded' and then says 'The answer, clearly, is yes'. So this is how he has given the conclusion.

According to what is in bold, choose your answer. In the original question, the answer is (B).
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2010, 12:12
arundas wrote:
perfectstranger wrote:
Delta Products Inc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.
The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(D) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

Other type of this question exists but this is another version. Please explain in a detailed way.Nice explanation will be appreciated with kudos ) . OA after explanations.

I have a fundamental question do you consider the role of just the boldface portion of the sentence or the whole sentence. In PowerScore CR I see that they consider the whole sentence.

If we look at the for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. I firmly believe that it "identifies the content of that conclusion." which is option B. I wont agree with E as second statement does not provide any support to conclusion, it instead raises a question to gather support for the conclusion.

I agree. The first statement supports the conclusion by showing that the method by which fossil fuels have been reduced in the conclusion has been utilized by Delta. The second bold statement forms a question of sorts that identifies what conclusive evidence is provided that a reduction in fossil fuels has taken place - clearly not a support comment for the conclusion.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2010, 12:48
diebeatsthegmat wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
In bold faced questions, quickly break down the argument to see what role each statement is playing.

Premises:
1. Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. (Data given to us to support the conclusion)
2. the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant. (Again, data provided to support the conclusion)

What is the conclusion? By giving this data, what is the author trying to say?
- for a given level of output, Delta’s operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly
He says, 'whether it can be concluded' and then says 'The answer, clearly, is yes'. So this is how he has given the conclusion.

According to what is in bold, choose your answer. In the original question, the answer is (B).

hi,
so yu meant that the question's answer i posted is E and the question's answer the other guy posted is B?

The question you posted doesn't have any statements in bold. But I am assuming you wanted to put the first statement and the last statement (after since) in bold and hence answer to your question will be (E). The answer to the question which was originally posted in the beginning of the thread will be (B).
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2011, 14:58
siddhans wrote:
Why is it D...the second boldface calls the conclusion into question ..The reason I am saying this is because before the second boldaface it says : - " The question has been raised whether i ...... "

I think you meant to ask why the answer is not D.
The most important step in CR questions is 'identifying the conclusion'. What is the conclusion in this argument?
The conclusion is the author's opinion, the point that he/she is trying to make. The conclusion is that Delta's operation causes less fossil fuel to be consumed now.
The second boldface part is only "for a given level of output Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly" which is exactly what the conclusion is. It gives the content of the conclusion.
There are many ways of giving the content of the conclusion. Say the conclusion is 'X'. You can say:
So we can conclude X.
or
Can we conclude X? Yes we can.

A statement that calls the conclusion into question would give an argument that would be against the conclusion.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2011, 05:24
According to what is given as bold phrases.. I feel the answer must 'B'e B

the second bold phrase just takes content of the overall sentence 'the question is...' and in the next sentence, it is stated that the answer is YES.

So B it is..
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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05 May 2012, 03:02
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Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
B. The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
C. The first states the position that the argument opposes; the second states the conclusion of the argument.
D. Each provides evidence that calls the conclusion of the argument into question.
E. Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

What dose " the content of the conclusion of the argument" mean?
I don't get it.
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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05 May 2012, 04:51
The conclusion is whether the operations of the company are reducing the fossil fuel consumptions. Tough cookie...

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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2013, 10:00
Basically we can conclude from this CR :
'identifies the content of conclusion' means the Conclusion.

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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older [#permalink]

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22 May 2013, 10:39
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eybrj2 wrote:
Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
(B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second identifies the content of that conclusion.
(C) The first states the position that the argument opposes; the second states the conclusion of the argument.
(D) Each provides evidence that calls the conclusion of the argument into question.
(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

What does "the content of the conclusion of the argument" mean? I don't get it.

fameatop wrote:
Hi Mike,
Can you kindly explain how come 1st BOLD FACE support the conclusion & what is the meaning of "identifies the content of the conclusion of the argument".
Waiting eagerly for your response. Regards, Fame

I'm happy to help with this.

First of all, this is an Official Guide question. It's in the OG12, CR #97. It's a great question, but it happens to be one of the questions omitted in the transition from OG12 to OG 13.

The word "content" just means --- the insides, the stuff that makes something up. The contents of a box are what's in the box. The contents of the human torso are all the organs that keep us alive. The content of a conclusion is what the conclusion says, the point it is making. Under most circumstances, there's not really a meaningful distinction between "the conclusion" and "the content of the conclusion" --- in other words, a sentence that just says the conclusion is both of these at once. The phrase "content of the conclusion" is sometimes used to emphasize the contrast with something else outside the conclusion, for example, something supporting the conclusion. Also, notice in this particular argument, the conclusion is not really said in words. (More on that in a moment.) Reading the passage, we can get the idea of what the conclusion is saying, that is to say, we can infer the "content" of the conclusion, even though the conclusion does not appear explicitly in black & white. I believe this is precisely why the answers in this question use this particular term.

OK. What's the conclusion in this argument? It's tricky, because the author asks a question, and then answers "yes" to that question. That "yes" answer could be called a kind of "conclusion", but in that form, it doesn't tell us the content of the conclusion, that is, what exactly is being concluded. In order to state the content of the conclusion, we would have to re-write the question as an affirmative statement: It can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. That's the content of the conclusion, and it is not stated explicitly as a conclusion in the passage --- it only appears as part of a question in the text of the passage. If we wanted to be hypertechnical, we could say:
Conclusion = "Yes." (printed explicitly, but devoid of information; it's more of a proxy for the conclusion)
Content of the Conclusion = "It can be concluded that for a given level of output, Delta's operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly" (what the conclusion actually concludes, although it's not stated explicitly)
The GMAT is never going to ask you to be hypertechnical like this. Basically, for almost all intents and purposes, "conclusion" and "content of the conclusion" mean the same things.

To reach this conclusion, we need two pieces of data
1) Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity.
2) The amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided that the level of output is held constant.
Either one of those, by itself and without the other, would not be sufficient to guarantee the conclusion, but together, they provide a very cogent argument for the conclusion. Those are the two bold statements, and together, they support the conclusion.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Delta products, Inc., has recently switched at least partly from older   [#permalink] 22 May 2013, 10:39

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