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Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the

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Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Aug 2018, 23:12
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

66% (01:03) correct 34% (01:16) wrong based on 173 sessions

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Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the sixteenth century, the ancient city of Machu Picchu went untouched until it was rediscovered nearly intact by archaeologists in 1911.

A. Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the sixteenth century
B. Even though the Spaniards plundered in the sixteenth century most Incan cities,
C. Despite the fact that in the sixteenth century the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities
D. Although the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities during the sixteenth century
E. Although the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities that were in existence in the sixteenth century

Originally posted by sandman13 on 15 Aug 2018, 08:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Aug 2018, 23:12, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 09:38
+1 for D.

A. Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the sixteenth century

B. Even though the Spaniards plundered in the sixteenth century most Incan cities,

C. Despite the fact that in the sixteenth century the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities

D. Although the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities during the sixteenth century --> Correct, rectifies diction error, concise and better style

E. Although the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities that were in existence in the sixteenth century

Hence, D.
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Aug 2018, 09:59
Just shooting out my opinion here: thought this question was really lame. There's nothing really wrong with choice A itself. D and E are more concise, I guess.

sudarshan22, what's wrong with E? Also, why have you highlighted "Despite the fact that"? What do the highlights represent?

Originally posted by sandman13 on 15 Aug 2018, 09:56.
Last edited by sandman13 on 15 Aug 2018, 09:59, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 09:57
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One thing I learned from practicing sentence correction, despite the fact has always been a no no. So I instantly eliminated A and C
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 20:20
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in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.
Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match. - Incorrect


Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.


We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’. - So choice C is wrong in original question.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.


Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

Request other GC members to shade light on errors in original question choices in light of above.

Thanks.

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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 22:32
LilRan22 wrote:
Why was E wrong?

Posted from my mobile device


E & D have a similar construction as far as modifiers are concerned.

that were in existence in the sixteenth century is just too wordy & it does change the meaning slightly. It takes the limelight away from the act of plundering that the Spaniards had done.
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 22:37
my 2 cents.

Despite and in spite of are always accompanied by a noun or a pronoun. With these in sentence, if we have to introduce a clause, we are forced to insert "the fact" between Despite/in spite of and the clause. Whereas using although/even though is much straight forward and concise. Since gmat tends to favor concise statements, I would always pick although over despite/in spite of.

Another pair is instead of and rather than..i'd always pick rather than.


need insights on this from the experts :)
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 23:44
c is concise
instead of saying despite the fact that we can simply say although
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 23:57
What is wrong with A?
I know despite should be followed by a noun phrase /noun. Also *fact that* needs to be followed by an Independent clause ( complete sentence). I don't see anything wrong with option A. Please help

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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 00:48
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+1 for D

D only uses the correct preposition during, which put more emphasis on the happening of the period.

The following link will give you some insights of diff b/w during and in.

https://www.grammar-quizzes.com/preps_during-in.html

Hope it helps
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 05:55
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Harshgmat wrote:
in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.
Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match. - Incorrect


Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.


We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’. - So choice C is wrong in original question.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.


Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

Request other GC members to shade light on errors in original question choices in light of above.

Thanks.

broall egmat GMATNinja chetan2u VeritasKarishma daagh generis



Option (B) is incorrect since "most Incan cities" is an object of the verb "plundered". The prepositional phrase "in the 16th century" should appear after "cities" or before Spaniards.

Option (E) is illogical - it implies that Spaniards targeted cities that were in existence in the 16th century - when did they actually plunder is not known but they targeted those cities which existed in the 16th century. This makes no sense.
The Spaniards must have plundered during the 16th century.

Compared with "despite the fact that", "although" is far more concise and clean.

Answer must be (D)
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Re: Despite the fact that the Spaniards plundered most Incan cities in the &nbs [#permalink] 18 Aug 2018, 05:55
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