GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Dec 2018, 01:43

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Happy Christmas 20% Sale! Math Revolution All-In-One Products!

     December 20, 2018

     December 20, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    This is the most inexpensive and attractive price in the market. Get the course now!
  • Key Strategies to Master GMAT SC

     December 22, 2018

     December 22, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Attend this webinar to learn how to leverage Meaning and Logic to solve the most challenging Sentence Correction Questions.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Oct 2006
Posts: 139
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 02 Nov 2018, 00:22
13
1
69
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (00:54) correct 29% (00:58) wrong based on 3975 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.


(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become

(C) 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 256: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 12th Edition, 2009

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 36
Page: 664


Attachment:
01.jpg
01.jpg [ 179 KiB | Viewed 2200 times ]

Attachment:
02.jpg
02.jpg [ 114.86 KiB | Viewed 2200 times ]

Originally posted by KC on 23 Oct 2006, 20:11.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 00:22, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2154
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2018, 00:22
12
7
Quote:
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become

I often hear people say that (A) isn’t parallel: “…Deborah Sampson… joined the Continental Army…, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783…” That’s actually completely fine: we have three parallel verbs, and they make perfect sense, since they are three actions that Sampson performed.

The objection is usually that the three verbs “aren’t in the same form” or “don’t sound the same.” Neither of those are legitimate objections. All that really matters is that they’re three verbs that logically are three actions performed by the subject of the clause. It’s not a problem that one is an action verb (“joined”) and the other two are states of being (“was injured” and “was discharged”).

The only other potential issue is the past perfect tense (“had become”) at the end of the sentence. We can only use past perfect tense to describe an action that happened in the past, but BEFORE some other past action, which is usually in simple past tense. And we have that: she “had become too ill too serve” before she “was discharged.”

So let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become

My biggest issue is with the phrase “while being discharged in 1783.” Literally, that seems to be saying that she simultaneously was discharged and was injured three times in 1783. And that makes no sense – there’s no way that those things can happen at the same exact time.

Plus, I think we would need an “and” somewhere in here: there are several actions, and at least two of them (“joined the Continental Army” and “was injured three times”) already seem to be parallel. So the “and” is necessary.

That’s enough to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being

Now this is a weird mess. Sampson “joined the Continental Army… and was injured… and discharged…” Huh? First of all, those three actions (“joined”, “was injured”, and “was discharged”) are logically parallel to each other, so we only need one “and” – not two.

Second, it’s wrong to say that Sampson “discharged in 1783.” We could say that she WAS discharged from the Army, or I guess we could say that she “discharged a weapon” (a semi-obscure way to say that she fired it). But you wouldn’t just say that “Sampson… discharged.”

And “being” is also a mess. It seems to be trying to act as a modifier of some sort, but that’s rarely an acceptable use on the GMAT. (More on “being” here.)

So we have tons of reasons to ditch (C).

Quote:
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

(D) isn’t too bad, but it doesn’t make sense to say that Sampson “injured three times.” You can say that she WAS injured three times, or maybe that she injured three enemy soldiers. But you can’t say that she “injured three times.”

And that’s enough to disqualify (D).

Quote:
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

Whenever you see a “having + verb” construction on the GMAT, it generally needs to be the first of two past actions. So you could say something like “having studied all night, Souvik collapsed on the sofa and watched three consecutive Marvel films.” In other words, he studied first, and then collapsed. Fair enough.

But in (E), it sounds like Sampson was injured and discharged first, and THEN she joined the Army. And that makes no sense at all.

We also have a problem with “being”, which is apparently being used as a modifier in (E) – and that’s a use that we almost never see on correct GMAT questions. “Being” isn’t always wrong on the GMAT, but it’s probably wrong here.

But even if you really love “being” in (E) for some inexplicable reason, we still have lots of reasons to eliminate (E). And we’re left with (A).
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 750
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Apr 2013, 11:44
6
3
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to drawa soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

first of all i will say that verb-ed form is either acts as a verb or as a modifier

verb-ed -->this will act as a verb when subject itself does this (verb-ed thing) action ex: alex played well ....here played is acting as verb
verb-ed--->this will act as a modifier when this (verb-ed thing) is not done by the subject.

now coming to question
here the subject is Deborah Sampson
in the non underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson joined......here "joined" acts as a verb
in the underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson...was injured .....,and was discharged....so its list kind of thing x,y,and z therefore x,y,z should be parallel
..now----- joined ,was injured ,and was discharged are all verb so its parallel....
note if in place of was injured....only injured is written and in place of " was discharged "only discharged is written then in that case discharged and injured act as modifier as in option C,D,E.....HENCE it is not parallel to JOINED .....so it is wrong

now choosing answer
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become(parallel so correct)
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become( meaning is wrong ..in this it means she was injured and discharged simultaneously...which is not the intended meaning)
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being(...here joined ,was injured are verb while discharged is modifier so non parallel therefore incorrect)
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was(again injured is not parallel.....so incorrect)
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being( againg discharged is modifier and not verb ,...and therefore not parallel....also it means having been injured and discharged ..both actions are occuring together which is not correct.

hope it helps..
SKM
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2009
Posts: 162
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2009, 20:27
1
2
|| lism is tested here..

Only A follows it, Hence, A.

joined ....was injured ..was discharged...

Always remember, what comes with the middle string in || lism , that should come in the final string..

Here, was is used with injured but not with joined..so, was should come with last string to follow || lism..
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 853
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2013, 20:52
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Sep 2010
Posts: 260
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2013, 22:43
2
2
thangvietnam wrote:
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.


No, thats not the case over here. It is of supreme importance to understand the meaning before diving into Grammar. Remember, Grammar is nothing but a set of rules to communicate the meaning in a better way

So, what does the sentence talks about i.e Meaning : The sentence talks about a Deborah Sampson and defines a list of 3 items about her. What are they-
1- joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22,
2- was injured three times, and
3 - was discharged in 1783 because she had become too
ill to serve.

Now, had becomhe is used for doing the sequencing with the action "DISCHARGED", not with the ACTION "joined". If you are still in doubt, check the clause(clause C1) - "because she had become too ill to serve." --> This clause is Subordinate to the Clause (clause C2)- "Deborah was discharged"
i.e Clause C1 is working as an adverbial modifier of the Clause C2

i.e it gives the explanation to why Debrah was discharged, - answer is - because she had become too ill. - this shows that she was ill from a distant past, and then some time in the past(ofcourse after the first event), she got discharged.

Hence, Had become is used to show sequencing with the verb discharged.

Another thought -
Had the sentence been;

was discharged in 1783 because she became too ill to serve. the meaning would have that both the events happened at the same time, and have the same importance.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Prevent and prepare. Not repent and repair!!
Joined: 13 Feb 2010
Posts: 193
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.75
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2013, 02:09
1
Maybe experts can pitch in.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become- Verb sequencing is correct
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become- Changes the original meaning when it says 'while being discharged'
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being- Being ill to serve becomes a modifer and it should be close to the noun. Also being changes the meaning
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was- injured three times is a modifier or looks like. So hold it
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being- Same as C
_________________

I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed--Michael Jordan
Kudos drives a person to better himself every single time. So Pls give it generously
Wont give up till i hit a 700+

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 152
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jan 2014, 13:37
1
KC wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being


We need correct parallelism. Injured and discharged need to be parallel

A) "was injured" and "AND was discharged" both use the same type of verb (past participle), preserving the same "form" of verbs is paramount for correct parallelism. Furthermore, the "and" before "discharged" indicates immediately that this option is correct because THREE verbs are being paralleled (joined.. was injured.. and was discharged..) all three have the same past participle. You ALWAYS have to add "and" to the third parallel when using >2 entities in your parallel structure.

B) "was injured" is not parallel to "while being discharged".. B is gone

C) "and" after injured is superflous, this creates redundancy when discharged brings up "and" again. Also, and prior to injured implies only joined and injured are parallel, but this is incorrect. C is gone

D) The past participle "injured" needs to have a was/were, depending on if the subject is singular or plural. Deborah is singular, so we need "was injured". Injured on its own creates a fragmented sentence. So D is wrong.

E) The first error that pops up is in fact not the the parallel, but the ending word "being". Being is often a red flag, in this case this present participle does not make sense since we are talking about a event that happened a long time ago and is not still going on. Other than that, "having been" does not nicely follow "joined" and thus the prallel structure is distorted. So E is gone.

A is the correct answer.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Oct 2012
Posts: 13
Concentration: Strategy, Other
GMAT Date: 06-24-2013
Reviews Badge
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Apr 2014, 10:02
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2772
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2014, 15:41
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.


Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2014
Posts: 6
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.75
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2014, 10:26
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.


Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal


Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2772
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2014, 11:59
2
asagraw wrote:
Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish


Hi Ashsish,

Thanks for posting you question here. :-)

Yes, you are absolutely correct. This is certainly a question with single Subject that has multiple Verbs. And all the Verbs are part of a parallel list in which all the entities are perfectly connected to each other with the conjunction "and".

This is CERTAINLY NOT a run-on sentence. A sentence is called a run-on sentence when two Independent Clauses (ICs) are joined together just with a comma. For example: if we write this sentence in the following way, then it will be called a run-on sentence:

She joined the Army, she was injured three times.

Structurally this sentence is incorrect because a Comma CANNOT join two ICs.

You might have gotten confused about the run-on structure in this sentence because you probably thought that there are three clauses in this sentence because there are three verbs. But that's not the case. Every clause, be it Dependent or Independent, must have an exclusive SV pair. If a Subject has more than one Verb, then we still have ONE clause because the Verbs share the same Subject. In order to form two clauses, we need two exclusive SV pairs as we have in the run-on example sentence above.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Mar 2014
Posts: 4
Reviews Badge
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jan 2015, 22:41
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.
VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1024
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2015, 08:50
2
MarketingGuru wrote:
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.

Hi! Parallelism does not require that a helping verb can only be parallel with another helping verb. For example, following would be correct:

MarketingGuru was inclined to specialize in Marketing, but later majored in Strategy.

was, a helping verb, is parallel to the non-helping verb majored.

In the sentence under consideration, Deborah Sampson was injured three times is correct, because we actually cannot remove was, since the meaning would be non-sensical: Deborah Sampson injured three times would non-sensically mean that Deborah Sampson injured <someone> three times. This is clearly not the intended meaning.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 25 Sep 2012
Posts: 245
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 680 Q48 V34
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2015, 01:58
egmat wrote:
asagraw wrote:
Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish


Hi Ashsish,

Thanks for posting you question here. :-)

Yes, you are absolutely correct. This is certainly a question with single Subject that has multiple Verbs. And all the Verbs are part of a parallel list in which all the entities are perfectly connected to each other with the conjunction "and".

This is CERTAINLY NOT a run-on sentence. A sentence is called a run-on sentence when two Independent Clauses (ICs) are joined together just with a comma. For example: if we write this sentence in the following way, then it will be called a run-on sentence:

She joined the Army, she was injured three times.

Structurally this sentence is incorrect because a Comma CANNOT join two ICs.

You might have gotten confused about the run-on structure in this sentence because you probably thought that there are three clauses in this sentence because there are three verbs. But that's not the case. Every clause, be it Dependent or Independent, must have an exclusive SV pair. If a Subject has more than one Verb, then we still have ONE clause because the Verbs share the same Subject. In order to form two clauses, we need two exclusive SV pairs as we have in the run-on example sentence above.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ


Is the use of past perfect mandatory? Is the below sentence correct?
I was discharged from hospital because I felt better.
or past perfect is needed?
VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1024
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2015, 01:51
1
b2bt wrote:
Is the use of past perfect mandatory? Is the below sentence correct?
I was discharged from hospital because I felt better.
or past perfect is needed?

Hi b2bt, There is a slight difference between the current sentence and the one you have cited.

This is ok: I was discharged from hospital because I felt better. - Past

But this is not: I was discharged from hospital because I felt well for 10 days. - Past

What would be correct is: I was discharged from hospital because I had felt well for 10 days. – Past Perfect

Similarly, in the current sentence:

This is ok: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she was too ill to serve. - Past

But this is not: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she became too ill to serve. - Past

What would be correct is: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she had become too ill to serve. – Past Perfect

They key difference is obviously phrases such as for 10 days and become too ill, both of which indicate a process that started in the past and continued till the time that the other event in the past happened (the event of discharge in this case). This is when past perfect is used.

In any case, even if you thought that simple past was ok, and chose option D, hope it was clear that injured is used as a verb in option D, thereby suggesting that Deborah Sampson actually injured someone else; in reality, Deborah Sampson actually was injured. This meaning is not coming out in D.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Past perfect tense, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Current Student
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4380
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2015, 22:07
Quoting Ron

Quote:
you can actually solve this problem on the basis of parallelism and verb form alone.
you have a SEQUENCE OF EVENTS, so they should be PARALLEL.
also, "was injured" and "was discharged" should be in the passive voice, since deborah sampson was the recipient (not the agent) of these actions.

so you need "joined..., was injured..., and was discharged...."
the only choice that does this is (a).

_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
How I got into five schools from zero - Applicant Lab Review
Veritas Prep Live Online

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4568
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2016, 08:50
1
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become --- correct choice

(B) 22 was injured three times while being discharged in 1783 because she had become -- meaning changed; it implies that she was injured during her discharge

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being -- and was and discharged – lapse in parallelism
(D) 22, injured three times and was discharged in 1783 because she was –lapse in parallelism, not clear whether she injured or she was injured. Injured and was discharged is ungrammatical.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being -- having been …modifies her joining the army at 22, implying as though she joined the army because she was injured three times; being as a modifier is also incorrect.

_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 571
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2016, 00:14
1
This a perfect example to how little, one needs to do to get a correct answer in GMAT.
This sentence is laden with modifier and adjective phrases, which for all purposes can be removed and thus leaving us a clean easy sentence to analyse and correct.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff,Deborah Sampson , the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

Now the sentence become
Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
Correct :- injured and discharge are parallel. "Had become" is correct because first she become ill and then after a few days/weeks was discharged. When we have two past actions use to "had" is correct for the older action and simple past is used for newer actions.

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
Wrong:- Meaning change. She did not become ill while she was being discharged.

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- "being too ill to serve" is incorrect. Makes the voice passive.

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
Wrong:- "injured three times" is incorrect. was injured three times should be correct.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- Tenses are all wrong; having, injured are not parallel. Sentence all sorts of problems.




z3nith wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert
Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw
a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in
1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and
was discharged in 1783 because she had become
too
ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged
in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being
discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged
in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in
1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and
discharged in 1783, being

I am confused between A and E.
I am really not sure what does "having been injured" refers to ?

_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1270
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2018, 07:47
GMATNinja

Quote:
Whenever you see a “having + verb” construction on the GMAT, it generally needs to be the first of two past actions. So you could say something like “having studied all night, Souvik collapsed on the sofa and watched three consecutive Marvel films.” In other words, he studied first, and then collapsed. Fair enough.


Do we treat coma + having as a verb or as a noun modifier showing how / result of preceding clause?
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, &nbs [#permalink] 17 Apr 2018, 07:47

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 27 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.