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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
1. Which of the following titles would be most appropriate for this passage?

(A) The Work of the WTO
(B) WTO Measures to Protect the Environment
(C) Healthy trade and ecosystems
(D) The WTO and the Environment(CORRECT) because the author primarily talks about the decisions of WTO and the effect on environment of all activities

(E) The Link between Trade and the sustainable development

2. According to the passage, under what conditions did the WTO endorse the link between the environment and sustainable development?

(A) By recognizing that development is the fundamental goal of every society
(B) By committing the WTO itself to environmental improvement
(C) By declaring that trade must be based on sustainable development(correct)
(D) By refuting the concept of temporary development as a basis for trade
(E) By understanding healthy ecosystems
confused btw A and C


3. Why does the author present the question “has the World Trade Organization done enough ... environment?” (Highlighted) in the second paragraph?

(A) To question the WTO on its actions taken so far to assess them(CORRECT)
(B) To suggest that the WTO hasn’t done enough towards sustainable development
(C) To imply that sustainable development is an impossible goal to attain for the WTO
(D) To create doubts in the readers’ minds about the usefulness of the WTO
(E) To introduce doubts about the WTO’s actions since its inception

4. According to the information presented in the passage, with which of the following would the writer of the passage most likely disagree?

(A) It isn’t necessary to compromise on economic goals to achieve sustainable growth.
(B) The WTO should encourage countries to care for the environment as well as economic progress.
(C) The WTO is not more motivated by the desire for expanding trade than towards environmental concerns.
(D) Decreasing tariffs increases world trade.
(E) The WTO is not instrumental in protecting the global environment.(CORRECT) Though the author questions about WTO but he doesnot state that they were not having enough good policies to protect the environment.

5. It can be inferred from the passage that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round will

(A) open the way to environmental protection measures
(B) bring new laws towards sustainable development
(C) lead to new global trade agreements
(D) see more reductions in tariffs and trading obstacles
(E) lead to dramatic trade expansion and global growth(CORRECT)
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
1. Which of the following titles would be most appropriate for this passage?

(A) The Work of the WTO
(B) WTO Measures to Protect the Environment
(C) Healthy trade and ecosystems
(D) The WTO and the Environment
(E) The Link between Trade and the sustainable development


Answer should be D, IMO.

The main purpose of the passage seems to be revolving around WTO and environment
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. According to the passage, under what conditions did the WTO endorse the link between the environment and sustainable development?

(A) By recognizing that development is the fundamental goal of every society [Yes this is discussed but not to endorse link between environment and sustainable development]
(B) By committing the WTO itself to environmental improvement[We cannot infer that WTO has committed itself to environmental improvement ]
(C) By declaring that trade must be based on sustainable development
(D) By refuting the concept of temporary development as a basis for trade[No such concept refuted as part of the passage]
(E) By understanding healthy ecosystems[Healthy ecosystems just briefly mentioned as part of the passage. No linkage done against it]


Answer should be C, IMO. Elimination points mentioned against each option

C can be directly inferred from the below mentioned part of the passage -
"This link between economic growth and environmental improvement is enshrined, together with the commitment to development, in the World Trade Organization’s Preamble, which includes sustainable development as a basic objective of the trading system."
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Why does the author present the question “has the World Trade Organization done enough ... environment?” (Highlighted) in the second paragraph?

(A) To question the WTO on its actions taken so far to assess them
(B) To suggest that the WTO hasn’t done enough towards sustainable development
(C) To imply that sustainable development is an impossible goal to attain for the WTO
(D) To create doubts in the readers’ minds about the usefulness of the WTO
(E) To introduce doubts about the WTO’s actions since its inception


Answer should be B, IMO.

This is an inference question, in which ''has the World Trade Organization done enough ... environment?" has been added by author to ask the question what WTO has done for environment even after including it in its preamble. Only B matches this inference
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. According to the information presented in the passage, with which of the following would the writer of the passage most likely disagree?

(A) It isn’t necessary to compromise on economic goals to achieve sustainable growth.[Author agrees with this. That is why he is asking WTO to improve environment along with trade development]
(B) The WTO should encourage countries to care for the environment as well as economic progress. [Author agrees with this. That is why he is asking WTO to improve environment along with trade development]
(C) The WTO is not more motivated by the desire for expanding trade than towards environmental concerns.
(D) Decreasing tariffs increases world trade. [This is mentioned in the passage and author certainly agrees]
(E) The WTO is not instrumental in protecting the global environment. [The author may or may not agree with this as this topic is not touched upon in the passage ]


Answer should be C, IMO. Elimination points mentioned against each option

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. It can be inferred from the passage that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round will

(A) open the way to environmental protection measures [Nothing relating to environmental protection measures mentioned for Uruguay Round ]
(B) bring new laws towards sustainable development[Uruguay Round may or may not lead to new laws. This cannot be correctly inferred. May be existing laws would be amended]
(C) lead to new global trade agreements [Uruguay Round may or may not lead to new global trade agreements. This cannot be correctly inferred. May be existing trade agreements would be amended]
(D) see more reductions in tariffs and trading obstacles[Although this is mentioned in the first part of the para but we cannot be sure on this for Uruguay Round]
(E) lead to dramatic trade expansion and global growth



Answer should be E, IMO. Elimination points mentioned against each option

Answer to this can be inferred from the below part of the passage -
"Since 1960, the WTO has negotiated a 90% drop in tariffs, and non-tariff barriers to trade have also been dramatically reduced. Moreover, market access for agriculture and services will be further expanded upon conclusion of the next Uruguay Round. Thus, since 1960 trade has grown fifteen-fold; world economic production has quadrupled; and world per capita income has more than doubled."

Although E seems to be the correct answer of the lot but the word 'dramatic' is a little distracting to make this the final answer choice. Waiting for OA/OE on this one
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
1
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1. Which of the following titles would be most appropriate for this passage?
(A) The Work of the WTO
(B) WTO Measures to Protect the Environment
(C) Healthy trade and ecosystems
(D) The WTO and the Environment
(E) The Link between Trade and the sustainable development

Explanation of question 1
A - Author is not just describing, he has an opinion.
B - Well this would be a cynical title, provided the author thinks the WTO can do so much more...
C - Where is WTO in this, as WTO is central to the passage. Out.
D - Starts of it environmental concerns, but the main passage is indeed concerned with WTO's role in all this. Most suitable.
E - Too narrow, no mention of WTO.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. According to the passage, under what conditions did the WTO endorse the link between the environment and sustainable development?
(A) By recognizing that development is the fundamental goal of every society
(B) By committing the WTO itself to environmental improvement
(C) By declaring that trade must be based on sustainable development
(D) By refuting the concept of temporary development as a basis for trade
(E) By understanding healthy ecosystems

Explanation of question 2
B and C come close.
B - Passage states - "together with the commitment to development, in the World Trade Organization’s Preamble, which includes sustainable development" So the WTO commits to sustainable development. This is a commitment to environmental improvement, as the both are enshrined together.
C - Yes the WTO agrees that trade must be based on sustainable development, but is this the required condition under which the WTO endorsed the link?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Why does the author present the question “has the World Trade Organization done enough ... environment?” (Highlighted) in the second paragraph?
(A) To question the WTO on its actions taken so far to assess them
(B) To suggest that the WTO hasn’t done enough towards sustainable development
(C) To imply that sustainable development is an impossible goal to attain for the WTO
(D) To create doubts in the readers’ minds about the usefulness of the WTO
(E) To introduce doubts about the WTO’s actions since its inception

Explanation of question 3
Author follows this question with why he thiks the WTO has not done enough - like no laws have been passed etc. It is merely a policy goal for international community and the WTO is not doing enough. This is why B is our answer.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. According to the information presented in the passage, with which of the following would the writer of the passage most likely disagree?
(A) It isn’t necessary to compromise on economic goals to achieve sustainable growth.
(B) The WTO should encourage countries to care for the environment as well as economic progress.
(C) The WTO is not more motivated by the desire for expanding trade than towards environmental concerns.
(D) Decreasing tariffs increases world trade.
(E) The WTO is not instrumental in protecting the global environment.

Explanation of question 4
A - Author agrees to this, as both of these go hand in hand.
B - Out of scope.
C - I think the author thinks WTO IS more motivated by desire for expanding trade than taking care of environment. Hence the author would most likely disagree with the statement WTO NOT motivated more by desire for expanding trade.
D - Agrees, with 90% drop of tariff, trade has grown 15 fold.
E - Yes author agrees, therefore he criticizes the WTO for not taking enough steps.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. It can be inferred from the passage that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round will
(A) open the way to environmental protection measures
(B) bring new laws towards sustainable development
(C) lead to new global trade agreements
(D) see more reductions in tariffs and trading obstacles
(E) lead to dramatic trade expansion and global growth

Explanation of question 5
Market access of agricultural services are expanded due to the Uruguay Round. And this was in addition to the WTO negotiating 90% reduction in tariff-barriers. Thus the Uruguay Round hand in hand with reduction in trade barriers led to dramatic trade expansion and global growth. E is our answer.
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
Q1.
Para1 introduces that environment and development are inter-related. WTO intends to integrate trade + environment = sustainable development, achieving social, economic and environmental development. Only some of these goals are achieved.
Para2 talks about initiatives taken up by WTO to promote trade. Author highlights that no action towards sustainable development is taken up by WTO.

Overall summary - In terms of Sustainable/ Environmental development, WTO's actions are not seen but only a headline in policy.

A. This encompasses only partial scope pertaining to the first half of para2.
B. This is against the passage summary as mentioned above.
C. True. But the fact that WTO neglected environment is not evident in this title.
D. Correct this title suits the best. The entire passage is talking about these two entities and their relationship.
E. This title seems like WTO is not in picture and hence is not as representative of the intent of the passage.

Q2.
Reference to "In endorsing this concept, despite some reservations, WTO members unanimously recognized that trade and the economic growth WTO helps to create must be fostered in the context of sustainable development which integrates economic, social and environmental policies."
Option C is in line with this sentence.

Q3.
The key to answer this question is to understand the premise, which is the content of 2nd para till the highlighted portion. The author highlights the facts of trade development in turn to question that the same amount of development is not achieved in terms of sustainability.

Only Option B is in line with this.

Q4.
The summary of the passage is that WTO has not done enough towards sustainability although the members unanimously agreed its importance. There is progress in terms of trade but not in towards sustainbility. Hence the author disagrees with Option C.

Q5.
Referring to the 1st half of the 2nd para, "Moreover, market access for agriculture and services will be further expanded upon conclusion of the next Uruguay Round." we can infer - Option E. When market access increases and trade barriers are removed, then trade will fluorish.
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
Expert Reply
OAs of this RC are as follow:

1. D
2. C
3. B
4. C
5. D

bm2201 is on top here and Gautam12121991 is at second here. Good Luck for the next RCs.
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
SajjadAhmad Can you please share the explanations of questions 1 & 5?
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
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AnirudhaS wrote:
SajjadAhmad Can you please share the explanations of questions 1 & 5?


Official Explanation


1. Which of the following titles would be most appropriate for this passage?

Difficulty Level: 600

Explanation

The question asks us to title the passage. For that, we must understand the purpose of the passage. The passage talks about the environment being linked to development. Then it introduces the WTO and its various functions, and its endorsement of the connection between sustainable development and economic growth. Later the passage explains how trade has grown dramatically because of the WTO’s policies. However, in the second half of the second paragraph, the author raises questions about the WTO’s environmental achievements. Thus, the author wishes to draw attention to the WTO’s performance regarding sustainable development goals.

Let us analyze each option one by one.

(A) This answer is incorrect because it is too general and does not discuss the environmental concerns mentioned in the passage.

(B) This answer is incorrect because it implies that the WTO has taken some actions to protect the environment, but the author implies otherwise.

(C) This answer is incorrect because it’s too general and does not even mention the WTO even though the author specifically discusses it.

(D) This is the correct answer. It includes both the WTO and the environment, the two main areas in the passage.

(E) This answer is incorrect. Though it correctly addresses the issue, it’s too general and does not even mention the environment and the WTO, even though the author specifically discusses both.

The correct answer is D.


5. It can be inferred from the passage that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round will

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

This question asks us to locate a specific detail about the conclusion of the Uruguay Round and make an inference based on that. This is given in lines:

(Since 1960, the WTO has negotiated a 90% drop in tariffs, and non-tariff barriers to trade have also been dramatically reduced. Moreover, market access for agriculture and services will be further expanded upon conclusion of the next Uruguay Round).

These lines imply by the use of the word moreover that the reduction of trade barriers will be expanded during the Uruguay talks.

Let us analyze each option one by one.

(A) This answer is incorrect because no environmental measures have been discussed.

(B) This answer is incorrect because the author does not discuss laws with respect to the Uruguay Round.

(C) This answer is incorrect because we cannot infer that new agreements will be formed.

(D) This is the correct answer. This matches our deductions.

(E) This answer is incorrect because it’s too extreme. We cannot infer that “dramatic” growth will occur.

The correct answer is D.


Hope it helps
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
Sajjad1994 please could you provide the OE for Q3.
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Hoozan wrote:
Sajjad1994 please could you provide the OE for Q3.


Official Explanation


3. Why does the author present the question “has the World Trade Organization done enough ... environment?” (Highlighted) in the second paragraph?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

To understand why the author presents that question, we must understand the point he is making. The author presents the given question and then defines sustainable development and presents another question. The gist of that entire part is that while the WTO is supposed to promote sustainable development, it hasn’t. Thus, the role of the question in that paragraph is to introduce the idea that the WTO hasn’t done enough for sustainable development.

Let us analyze each option one by one.

(A) This answer is incorrect because the author does not question the WTO to assess its actions, but rather to point out its lack of action towards the environment.

(B) This is the correct answer. This matches our deductions. The author does present the question to imply that the WTO hasn’t kept up on its work towards sustainable development.

(C) This answer is incorrect because the author does not suggest anything to imply that sustainable development is not possible.

(D) This answer is incorrect because the author does not challenge the WTO, only its lack of action towards sustainable development.

(E) This answer is incorrect because the author does not question the WTO generally on its actions, but rather on its lack of action towards the environment.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
11 mins, 4/5 correct. isnt this passage a bit too long? would we find passages as long as this one on the test? took me a solid 3-4 mins to read
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
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Re: Environmental concern and development are inextricably linked. Experie [#permalink]
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