Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Status: Up again.
Joined: 31 Oct 2010
Posts: 514
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V40 GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V42

Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
18 Feb 2011, 03:45
Question Stats:
71% (01:22) correct 29% (01:16) wrong based on 1548 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either exactly 17 or exactly 19 dollars, how many 19 dollar cakes did Eunice sell? (1) Eunice sold a total of 8 cakes. (2) Eunice made 140 dollars in total revenue from her cakes. This one is a typical problem!
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
_________________
My GMAT debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/from620to710mygmatjourney114437.html




Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 48110

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
18 Feb 2011, 08:07




Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 179

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
18 Feb 2011, 05:31
The fact that its 8 cakes doesn't give sufficient information. So A is not sufficient.
Since total revenue is 140 and average price is 18, it can only happen if total cakes are ~8 (18*8 = 144)  it cant be very different than 8 as price difference is not so high. Since 140 is 4 less than 144, the lower priced cake has to be certain number of units greater than higher priced one it can be 7,1 or 6,2 or 5,3. Quick plugging would tell us that 6 cakes of 17 and 2 cakes of 19 are the only possibility and hence statement 2 is sufficient.




Retired Moderator
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 1877

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
18 Feb 2011, 04:28
Eunice sold x $17 cakes Eunice sold y $19 cakes A. Eunice sold 8 cakes. Those cakes can be all 17$ cakes or all $19 cakes. Not sufficient. B. 17x+19y = 140 Whenever we get such type of questions and we know that x and y can only be integers, it is a must we try all integral values for x and y that may satisy the equation. Write multiples of 19 that are less than 140; 0,19,38,57,76,95,114,133 Start with x=0; x=0; 19y = 1400 = 140; not a multiple of 19. x=1; 19y = 14017=123; not a multiple of 19. x=2; 19y = 14034=106; not a multiple of 19. x=3; 19y = 14051=89; not a multiple of 19. x=4; 19y = 14068=72; not a multiple of 19 x=5; 19y = 14095=55; not a multiple of 19 x=6; 19y = 140112=38; is a multiple of 19x=7; 19y = 140129=11; not a multiple of 19 x=8; 19y = 140146=6; not a multiple of 19 and < 0. We can stop here. We see that the above equation satisfies only for x=6; y=38/19=2; Sufficient. Ans: "B" I wonder if there is an easier way to find this one!!!
_________________
~fluke
GMAT Club Premium Membership  big benefits and savings



Director
Status: Up again.
Joined: 31 Oct 2010
Posts: 514
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V40 GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V42

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
18 Feb 2011, 04:37
fluke wrote: Eunice sold x $17 cakes Eunice sold y $19 cakes
A. Eunice sold 8 cakes. Those cakes can be all 17$ cakes or all $19 cakes. Not sufficient.
B. 17x+19y = 140
Whenever we get such type of questions and we know that x and y can only be integers, it is a must we try all integral values for x and y that may satisy the equation.
Write multiples of 19 that are less than 140; 0,19,38,57,76,95,114,133
Start with x=0; x=0; 19y = 1400 = 140; not a multiple of 19. x=1; 19y = 14017=123; not a multiple of 19. x=2; 19y = 14034=106; not a multiple of 19. x=3; 19y = 14051=89; not a multiple of 19. x=4; 19y = 14068=72; not a multiple of 19 x=5; 19y = 14095=55; not a multiple of 19 x=6; 19y = 140112=38; is a multiple of 19 x=7; 19y = 140129=11; not a multiple of 19 x=8; 19y = 140146=6; not a multiple of 19 and < 0. We can stop here.
We see that the above equation satisfies only for x=6; y=38/19=2; Sufficient.
Ans: "B"
I wonder if there is an easier way to find this one!!! Not in my knowledge. Even I use trial and error method to solve such problems. However, now whenever i see such problems I instantly pick B because all such questions I have seen have the same structure and very predictable answer choice!! :D But I'm sure if I see one on GDay, I'd rather solve it..
_________________
My GMAT debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/from620to710mygmatjourney114437.html



Intern
Joined: 06 Sep 2010
Posts: 36

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Mar 2011, 09:18
Nowadays, whenever I see this question pattern, I immediately select option B. However, on the D Day, I'm sure we wont have enough time to do trial and error



Retired Moderator
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1457
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Mar 2011, 09:35
Answer is B. I was thinking perhaps it can be like, say a multiple of 19 and a multiple of 17 that add up to 0 in unit's place, so by only checking the unit's place i got 38 (19*2) and 102 (17*6). Opinions ?
_________________
Formula of Life > Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)
GMAT Club Premium Membership  big benefits and savings



Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 787

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Mar 2011, 21:55
I am trying to reduce the number of test cases for Statement 2). Pls verify this reasoning 
17a + 19b = 140 2 cases odd + odd = even even + even = even
a,b  both even a,b  both odd
5 sets of (a,b) values (2,6) (3,5) (4,4) (5,3) (6,2)
I can delete 4,4 but that means 4 cases are still left. How to reduce the cases?



Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 787

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Mar 2011, 22:05
How about this? Write the cases and apply the unit digit test? 5 sets of (a,b) values (2,6)  Unit digit 4 + 4 = 8 (3,5)  Unit digit 1 + 5 = 6 (4,4) OUT too high (5,3)  Unit digit 5 + 7 = 12 i.e. 2 (6,2)  Unit digit 2 + 8 = 10 i.e. 0> Voila! subhashghosh wrote: Answer is B.
I was thinking perhaps it can be like, say a multiple of 19 and a multiple of 17 that add up to 0 in unit's place, so by only checking the unit's place i got 38 (19*2) and 102 (17*6). Opinions ?



Director
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 549

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
13 Mar 2011, 05:13



Intern
Joined: 19 Jul 2012
Posts: 14
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Technology
GMAT Date: 10102013
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Nov 2012, 21:25
Easier way to solve instead of trial and error. First of all when we smell its going to 'B'...Choose values as below:
from first statement X+Y=8 from second statment 17x+19y=140
solve for x,y, you get X=6 Y=2...we dont need to bother much duplicate values as 2 eq's will have unique value if a1/a2!= b1/b2!=c1/c2 for 2 eq's a1x+b1y+c1=0 a2x+b2y+c2=0
Dont waste time in Dday using trial and error....



Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 70

Re: Word Problem DS: Simple Equations
[#permalink]
Show Tags
21 Dec 2012, 06:31
Bunuel wrote: Well, ESP on TestDay, Not only will we have to find the correct value which satisfies the equation, we would also have to check all the others to make sure they DO NOT satisfy. Is it safe to just jump onto B. (or A, depending on the question).
_________________
 Stay Hungry, stay Foolish 



MBA Blogger
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 104
Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit
GMAT 1: 510 Q25 V36 GMAT 2: 510 Q29 V31 GMAT 3: 590 Q32 V38
WE: Research (NonProfit and Government)

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
26 Dec 2013, 04:27
you can make it quicker by changing Fluke's strategy slightly. As we need to find number of cakes that sell for 19 dollars. Set y=0 first and then go through the approach. With this you need to find y0, y1, and y3.



Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 268

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
16 Aug 2014, 12:16
fluke wrote: Eunice sold x $17 cakes Eunice sold y $19 cakes
A. Eunice sold 8 cakes. Those cakes can be all 17$ cakes or all $19 cakes. Not sufficient.
B. 17x+19y = 140
Whenever we get such type of questions and we know that x and y can only be integers, it is a must we try all integral values for x and y that may satisy the equation.
Write multiples of 19 that are less than 140; 0,19,38,57,76,95,114,133
Start with x=0; x=0; 19y = 1400 = 140; not a multiple of 19. x=1; 19y = 14017=123; not a multiple of 19. x=2; 19y = 14034=106; not a multiple of 19. x=3; 19y = 14051=89; not a multiple of 19. x=4; 19y = 14068=72; not a multiple of 19 x=5; 19y = 14095=55; not a multiple of 19 x=6; 19y = 140112=38; is a multiple of 19 x=7; 19y = 140129=11; not a multiple of 19 x=8; 19y = 140146=6; not a multiple of 19 and < 0. We can stop here.
We see that the above equation satisfies only for x=6; y=38/19=2; Sufficient.
Ans: "B"
I wonder if there is an easier way to find this one!!! Hi, Is there a quicker way to do this without going through every single trial? I followed the same approach but was at 3+ when I was done with it. There has to be an easier way?



Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2009
Posts: 189

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Aug 2014, 16:00
subhashghosh wrote: Answer is B.
I was thinking perhaps it can be like, say a multiple of 19 and a multiple of 17 that add up to 0 in unit's place, so by only checking the unit's place i got 38 (19*2) and 102 (17*6). Opinions ? By checking the unit's place: I have 19*5 ( unit digit 5) and 17*5 ( unit didgit 5) or 19* 4 ( 6) and 17*2 ( 4) .... In the real test, I think I will choose B without trying and error > Save more time for other questions
_________________
......................................................................... +1 Kudos please, if you like my post



Intern
Joined: 29 Sep 2014
Posts: 2

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Dec 2014, 13:33
How come C isn't the answer? I mean, both statements together are more than sufficient to give an exact answer.



Intern
Joined: 29 Sep 2014
Posts: 2

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Dec 2014, 13:38
Ooh.. got it. Statement A does not say she sold total of 8 cakes of 17 and 19 dollars, but just total cakes.



Intern
Joined: 19 Mar 2015
Posts: 13

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
06 Oct 2015, 02:39
fluke wrote: Eunice sold x $17 cakes Eunice sold y $19 cakes
A. Eunice sold 8 cakes. Those cakes can be all 17$ cakes or all $19 cakes. Not sufficient.
B. 17x+19y = 140
Whenever we get such type of questions and we know that x and y can only be integers, it is a must we try all integral values for x and y that may satisy the equation.
Write multiples of 19 that are less than 140; 0,19,38,57,76,95,114,133
Start with x=0; x=0; 19y = 1400 = 140; not a multiple of 19. x=1; 19y = 14017=123; not a multiple of 19. x=2; 19y = 14034=106; not a multiple of 19. x=3; 19y = 14051=89; not a multiple of 19. x=4; 19y = 14068=72; not a multiple of 19 x=5; 19y = 14095=55; not a multiple of 19 x=6; 19y = 140112=38; is a multiple of 19 x=7; 19y = 140129=11; not a multiple of 19 x=8; 19y = 140146=6; not a multiple of 19 and < 0. We can stop here.
We see that the above equation satisfies only for x=6; y=38/19=2; Sufficient.
Ans: "B"
I wonder if there is an easier way to find this one!!! Thanks Fluke. Not a great finding but it might confuse others. 17*6=102 and not 112.



Intern
Joined: 27 Jun 2015
Posts: 22

Re: Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
09 Jul 2016, 08:49
I have used a simple approach however I am not sure whether the argumentation is valid:
Statement 2 says: 140 = 17x + 19 y
We know that there has to be one solution for x and y. The question is whether it is possible to receive another solution. If we modify x_solution and y_solution 140 still has to be the result. Hence I have looked for the LCM of 17 and 19 because if I reduce the number of 17s I have to increase the number of 19s, receiving the same result. Because 17 and 19 are both prime numbers their LCM is 17*19 > 140. Therefore there cannot be another solution for this equation.
=> Statement 2 sufficient.
Is this argumentation valid? Thank you for your help.



Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2016
Posts: 1

Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either
[#permalink]
Show Tags
08 Sep 2016, 03:32
fluke wrote: Eunice sold x $17 cakes Eunice sold y $19 cakes
A. Eunice sold 8 cakes. Those cakes can be all 17$ cakes or all $19 cakes. Not sufficient.
B. 17x+19y = 140
Whenever we get such type of questions and we know that x and y can only be integers, it is a must we try all integral values for x and y that may satisy the equation.
Write multiples of 19 that are less than 140; 0,19,38,57,76,95,114,133
Start with x=0; x=0; 19y = 1400 = 140; not a multiple of 19. x=1; 19y = 14017=123; not a multiple of 19. x=2; 19y = 14034=106; not a multiple of 19. x=3; 19y = 14051=89; not a multiple of 19. x=4; 19y = 14068=72; not a multiple of 19 x=5; 19y = 14095=55; not a multiple of 19 x=6; 19y = 140112=38; is a multiple of 19 x=7; 19y = 140129=11; not a multiple of 19 x=8; 19y = 140146=6; not a multiple of 19 and < 0. We can stop here.
We see that the above equation satisfies only for x=6; y=38/19=2; Sufficient.
Ans: "B"
I wonder if there is an easier way to find this one!!! Fluke, I cant think of a different approach, but I can suggest a modification to your method to save a couple of minutes. You have carried out the subtraction 9 times. Let us try to reduce the number of subtractions. You have to subtract the sum of 17 and 19 i.e, 36, successively from 140 and check whether 17 or 19 is a factor of the resultant. 14036=104 (not a multiple of either 17 or 19) 10436= 68 ( IS a multiple of 17, NOT a multiple of 19) Stop here. y= number of times successive subtraction was carried out = 2. x= number of times successive subtraction was carried out + 4 =6. (As you have to count the number of 17's in 64 as well as the number of times 17 was subtracted from 140).




Eunice sold several cakes. If each cake sold for either &nbs
[#permalink]
08 Sep 2016, 03:32



Go to page
1 2
Next
[ 29 posts ]



