It is currently 23 Nov 2017, 13:50

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 272

Kudos [?]: 70 [0], given: 0

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jul 2008, 11:45
goalsnr wrote:
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

IMO C is the correct answer here
the issue with usage of E emanates from the fact that it will commit a modifier error
here is how
"Military equipments" to protect

i think this is an OG problem
_________________

The world is continuous, but the mind is discrete

Kudos [?]: 70 [0], given: 0

VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1339

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 10

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jul 2008, 15:57
OA is C.

here is my explanation:
This SC is in the form of DC,IC,DC

"a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears "- is a sentence that can standby itself. We convert the independent clause
to a subordinate clause by adding "participle" -"protecting"

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 10

Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 727

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 99

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2009, 07:47
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 99

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Feb 2007
Posts: 262

Kudos [?]: 347 [0], given: 2

Location: nj
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2009, 09:42
ugimba wrote:
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

C,imo. "protecting" refers to "animal hide-shields"

Kudos [?]: 347 [0], given: 2

Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 22

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 08:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2138

Kudos [?]: 1639 [0], given: 8

Location: New York, NY
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 May 2011, 08:31
prasforgmat wrote:
Is it universal rule that infinitives (to) cannot come just after comma?

No. There are certainly possibilities where this can be done.
"For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [X] is to [Y]."
"For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [die] is to [leave your remains for the rest of the ecosystem]."

In this example "to" is right after a comma.

Kudos [?]: 1639 [0], given: 8

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2012, 02:50
Ron said,
abstract noun can refer/modify the preceding clause. So, in A, I can understand that "a method " modify preceding clause.
A is not incorrect.

pls, help explain.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Intern
Status: To retake , or not to retake;That is the question
Joined: 12 Mar 2012
Posts: 26

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 8

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Sep 2012, 14:09
In Original text "a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is a noun modifier modifying military equipment, which is certainly not a method.The original intention of this modifier is to modify "animal-hide Shields"

(A) As explained above
(B)same problem
(C)correct.comma with -Ing form correctly modifying the subject of the previous sentence that is "animal-hide Shields" here.Please note that without the comma it would have been wrong.
(D)same problem
(E)with the comma before it does not convey the intended meaning.
_________________

I too need Kudos sometimes !!!!!!!!!!!

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 8

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 556

Kudos [?]: 991 [0], given: 321

GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Dec 2012, 08:24
well the bigger issue with E is that use of 'to+verb' ie to protect changes the meaning of the sentence altogether.

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 991 [0], given: 321

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jan 2013, 22:56
this problem is in og10 and so maybe old to study

I find a problem

C is correct, I agree.

but

in A, "a method..." can modify the whole preceding clause and is correct. A is also correct

a similar example is

I learn gmat, a good thing many persons know.

am I correct, pls help. i am confused.

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1378

Kudos [?]: 1706 [0], given: 62

Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jan 2013, 00:43
thangvietnam wrote:
this problem is in og10 and so maybe old to study

I find a problem

C is correct, I agree.

but

in A, "a method..." can modify the whole preceding clause and is correct. A is also correct

a similar example is

I learn gmat, a good thing many persons know.

am I correct, pls help. i am confused.

Unless the phrase is an Absolute Phrase, it cannot modify the preceding clause.
The preceding clause can be entirely modified by:
1) Absolute Phrase
2) ", verb-ing"
Apart from this, I don't think that the preceding clause can me modified.
_________________

Kudos [?]: 1706 [0], given: 62

Intern
Joined: 29 May 2013
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 76

Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Schools: ISB '15
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2013, 23:41
Sachin9 wrote:
Hi deepak,

So participial phrases are basically -ING verb phrases that are separated with a comma (,) from the rest of the sentence.

So in this case, "protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is the participial phrase.

What is this phrase describing? Structurally, it is positioned to describe "animal-hide shields."

If you're not sure, you can always flip it and read it like this:

"Protecting warriors against enemy arrows, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment."

Ask yourself if this makes sense.

Do "shields" "protect warriors against enemy arrows"? Sure! So you know this makes sense.

You can read more of a detailed explanation of this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... orrection/

amazing.. Why is D wrong? [/quote][/quote]

Because comma is fixed before underlined portion, infinitive will not work here.

Pls note: if the clause before comma is non essential then it depends on the main clause.

Posted from GMAT ToolKit

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 76

Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 899

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2013, 02:43
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect (military equipment cannot be a method)

B. as a method protecting ( Method doesn't do protecting instead the animal shields do the protecting)

C. protecting ( This one correctly modifiers the noun in the preceding clause "animal-shields")

D. as a protection of ( Although grammatically correct choice, wordiness is the issue here)

E. to protect ( "to protect " is the purpose and shouldn't follow a comma)

Although I cannot argue against the OG's explanation, I have a query related to answer choice (E):

-ING modifier has three forms:

(1). Modifies NOUN
(2). Modifies verb and verb's subject
(3). Result of the main clause

Here the -ING modifier functions clearly as (1). as it modifies "Shields"

Meaning: Shields protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment

But the option (E) explanation by OG is

Although the infinitive to protect would work if it were not preceded by a comma, it cannot act as a nonrestrictive adjectival
phrase modifying items

We aren't modifying ITEMS here , we are modifying "SHIELDS" here. So why this explanation?

Furthermore, the explanation for the correctness of option (C) is

Correct. In this sentence, protecting properly
introduces a modifying phrase revealing the
purpose of the items.

Rgds,
TGC !
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Last edited by Narenn on 26 Aug 2013, 12:01, edited 1 time in total.
Merging Similar Topics.

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 322

Manager
Joined: 31 May 2012
Posts: 157

Kudos [?]: 200 [0], given: 69

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2014, 12:33
"Animal-hide shields were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears"

Even above sentence is correct, this type of sentence (simplified) is rarely or never read by me before in English. I request you to provide me few similar examples of this type.

Kudos [?]: 200 [0], given: 69

Current Student
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 903

Kudos [?]: 436 [0], given: 69

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2016, 09:38
TGC wrote:
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

Not convinced with the old discussions on this, plz throw some light and concepts

'a method to protect' must modify the previous noun- 'military equipment'. But, military equipment is not a 'method'. A and B are out.

'to protect' must not be followed by ','. E is out.

'as a protection of' what?? Not right.

C is the right option.

Infact if we flip the sentence, we see that 'protecting' correctly modifies following sentence.

Protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment.
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Kudos [?]: 436 [0], given: 69

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 484

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 342

Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2016, 23:58
A - Wrong --> "a method" is wrong here.

animal-hide shields with wooden
frames were essential items of military equipment --> it's not a method.

E is wrong because comma before "to" is wrong.

I believe if sentence is written like this:

animal-hide shields with wooden
frames were essential items of military equipment to protect warriors against enemy arrows
and spears. --> then it's right.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 342

Board of Directors
Status: Aiming MBA
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 2775

Kudos [?]: 920 [0], given: 67

Location: India
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Mar 2017, 02:07
As per the meaning of the sentence, shields were important for them as these shields protect then from something.

Clearly, C maintains the meaning and this the correct answer.
_________________

How I improved from V21 to V40! ?

Kudos [?]: 920 [0], given: 67

Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2016
Posts: 28

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 75

Schools: ISB '18
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Mar 2017, 04:38
abhimahna wrote:
As per the meaning of the sentence, shields were important for them as these shields protect then from something.

Clearly, C maintains the meaning and this the correct answer.

I'm still not getting the answer. I studied "to verb vs for verb-ing notes" also but this question is still confusing

Here if you want to go with "to verb" then you should have a purpose in the passage. Here in the main question the soldiers hide their weapons to protect from enemies.

They hide weapons is the context. Purpose is to protect them from enemies.

But the answer is "for protecting". According to you if i replace "to protect" in the actual sentence the meaning will change. Can you help me in this?

abhimahna egmat

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 75

Board of Directors
Status: Aiming MBA
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 2775

Kudos [?]: 920 [0], given: 67

Location: India
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Mar 2017, 05:33
sai897 wrote:
I'm still not getting the answer. I studied "to verb vs for verb-ing notes" also but this question is still confusing

Here if you want to go with "to verb" then you should have a purpose in the passage. Here in the main question the soldiers hide their weapons to protect from enemies.

They hide weapons is the context. Purpose is to protect them from enemies.

But the answer is "for protecting". According to you if i replace "to protect" in the actual sentence the meaning will change. Can you help me in this?

abhimahna egmat

I understand your point but here as per the question the meaning is certain tools are important items and then we are told why are they important/how are they useful. They are important because they protect warriors against enemies.

Also, answer is not 'for protecting' but 'protecting'. Meaning tools are essential as they have a consequence of protecting.

Take these examples:

I want to give GMAT to get an admit in Harvard. Here the purpose/intend is given.

I woke up late in the morning, missing my GMAT exam. Here the consequence is given.
_________________

How I improved from V21 to V40! ?

Kudos [?]: 920 [0], given: 67

Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2016
Posts: 197

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 79

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2017, 10:30
Good one to teach me that infinitives are not preceded by COMMAs

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 79

Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2017, 10:30

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 40 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by