GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Nov 2019, 10:38

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5183
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2018, 07:09
Top Contributor
1
Asad
I never said so; you are making wrong assumptions. We always evaluate in comparison to official clues. if you don't want to do it', You are welcome not to do it. No one is stopping you. Good luck.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1303
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2018, 07:20
daagh wrote:
Asad
I never said so; you are making wrong assumptions. We always evaluate in comparison to official clues. if you don't want to do it', You are welcome not to do it. No one is stopping you. Good luck.

I got it. I'm going to find out some questions from Official source so that I can evaluate this one with official one. Thanks__
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1303
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2018, 14:41
daagh wrote:
Asad,
Is the question that you have cited an official question? It is said to be from the Gmatclub. Let's evaluate vis-a-vis some official examples. Can you pl. sift through the OG lot and find some so that they can help us learn more?

Hi daagh,
Here is a RC passage where the use of COMMA+to still make sense. What's your opinion about the highlighted part?
Thanks__

This passage is excerpt from Official guide 17th edition, page# 382
When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war. Considering similar experiences, anthropologist Anthony F. C. Wallace has argued that when a perceptible gap arises between a culture’s expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement: an organized, conscious effort to construct a culture that fulfills longstanding expectations.

Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.


https://gmatclub.com/forum/when-jamaica ... 36802.html
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5183
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2018, 21:49
Top Contributor
I don't know the full scope of an RC passage and grammar, and there have been many instances in the past, wherein
Rc passages have been at variance with SC norms and we used to just not bother about it. But, if you are bent on saying the given SC passage has been wrongly rejected by GMAT, you should now take it up with GMAT directly.

It seems to be a surprise that in spite of your great efforts, you couldn't get any passage from Sc. Is it because there may be none?

Thanks
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1303
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Dec 2018, 02:36
daagh wrote:

It seems to be a surprise that in spite of your great efforts, you couldn't get any passage from Sc. Is it because there may be none?

Thanks

No, I've not tried to find out a single SC yet.
Thanks__
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1303
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jan 2019, 06:50
daagh wrote:

It seems to be a surprise that in spite of your great efforts, you couldn't get any passage from Sc. Is it because there may be none?

Thanks

Hi daagh,
The following question is from Official Guide for GMAT Review Question# 88 (diagnostic test).

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-1995-rich ... s#p2203202

The correct choice is:

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.


What about you thinking/judgement about the green part where infinitive has been used after comma?
Thanks__
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 27 Nov 2015
Posts: 121
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 May 2019, 00:37
is the ",to" the only reason why e is incorrect?
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 30 Sep 2017
Posts: 143
GMAT ToolKit User
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 May 2019, 15:55
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(C) protecting
(E) to protect

Could somebody please explain what sense do you find with option C? I don't think the use of the modifier in C speaks to the result aspect. Perhaps it emphasises the "how" aspect, though that too seems weird. Please guys provide some more clarity on this.

I suppose the reason E is wrong is that "to protect" implies some sort of intention. Hence, I believe that "items of military equipment" or simply "military equipment" would arguably make sense with such a modification, especially after that comma that adds nothing to the clarity or meaning of the sentence, except for confusion.

aragonn GMATNinja sudarshan22 GMATNinjaTwo hazelnut generis
CrackVerbal Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2018
Posts: 177
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 May 2019, 20:12
Quote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect


The right answer is C. The two key things to look out for are that it is "animal hides" that is being modified (A, B, D out), and that this last clause should have an action taking place (hence "protecting" works better).

- Matoo
_________________
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 09 May 2017
Posts: 229
Location: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2019, 02:46
hi guys. in this sentence:
"....animal-hide shields with wooden frames [url]were[/url] essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears."
we do not have action verb in preceding sentence (we have a "were". no action happen in this case , why we must use participle (-ing)???? I thought we use it just for causality relation or result of action ! I Choose E but wrong .
_________________
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1586
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2019, 17:59
2
09173140521 The -ing modifier is actually quite versatile and can modify the preceding action in many different ways. In this case, the modifier clarifies in what way the shields were essential.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Jul 2018
Posts: 4
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2019, 20:15
Pls explain what is the role of phrase "For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa". Is it a noun modifier modifying the nearest noun "animal hide shields".
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1586
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2019, 21:27
1
nannunanni007 The initial modifier is an adverbial modifier that modifies the main clause: "Shields were essential items." So we can read it as "Shields were essential items of equipment for members of the Ashanti nation."
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Jul 2018
Posts: 4
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2019, 21:12
Hi DmitryFarber
Can you explain it in detail How Prepositional Phrase "For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa" is acting as adverbial modifier.
From your suggest alternate formation of sentence "Shields were essential items of equipment for members of the Ashanti nation.", it appears that the prepositional phrase it modifying the object "essential items".

Thanks.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Jul 2018
Posts: 4
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2019, 21:35
One more doubt DmitryFarber

I am referring Manhattan SC 4th edition for sentence correction. In modifiers chapter it is given that - Preposition + Simple Gerund is a verb modifier.
Ex. I lifted the weight by concentrating.
This modifier applies to both the verb and the verb's subject.
"by concentrating" is modifying the verb "lifted" and subject of verb makes sense with modifier - I was concentrating.

But I am unable to apply the above in ex - Mother keeps children from watching television .
"from watching television" is modifying the verb "keeps", but it does not make sense with subject "Mother".

Please explain.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1586
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2019, 21:49
1
nannunanni007 Unfortunately, we can rarely apply simple rules to grammar, especially in the case of modifiers. One could write a whole book on all the ways that adverbial modifiers can interact with other elements of a sentence. So if we see one case ("by concentrating"), we can't simply use that as the criterion for evaluating other cases. The fact is that in your second sentence, "from watching television" is an adverbial modifier. What else could it be? It can't be a noun modifier, or we'd be saying that the children are from a place called "watching television."

It may help to point out that when we use a noun modifier, it is modifying only the noun, and this modifier should make sense even in the absence of any action the sentence describes. So if "For members . . . " were a noun modifier, this would mean that the shields themselves were "for" members of the tribe. This doesn't have a clear meaning, and in fact I can't think of an example of an initial noun modifier beginning with "for." However, adverbial modifiers of this type are common:

For all I know, he is out of the country by now.
For many music fans, live concerts are more exciting than listening to music at home.
For a long time, I went to bed early.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5183
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2019, 23:05
Top Contributor
Quote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect


Considering the introductory prepositional modifier as a noun modifier modifying 'essential items' will land in a grave modification error, as a genuine noun modifier will always have to start with the modified noun
immediately after the comma. Therefore, it cannot modify the distant "essential items"

At least one may argue that animal -hide shields could fit in as the modified noun. However, per se, the meaning becomes incomplete unless one can explain why they were essential items. That is the reason it becomes necessary to add the action of 'protecting'. It therefore becomes clear that the introductory modifier in this case can only be adverbial and not adjectival.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Feb 2019
Posts: 22
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2019, 09:16
DmitryFarber GMATNinjaTwo, MikeScarn, GMATNinja, hazelnut, generis, egmat

Hi - I have gone through the forum discussion on choices C and E. I still have a few doubts. Can you please clarify.

1) My understanding of a comma + verb-ing modifier is that it modifies the preceding clause in 2 ways - a) by showing the how aspect b) by showing the result of the action. However, in this question, I am unable to understand how option C is fitting in (keeping in mind the 2 ways talked bwout earlier)

Option C reads - For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

2) For option E, a lot of the responses said that to protect cant be preceded by a comma. Is it a rule? It doesnt seem like it because in this thread, there are some correct OG sentences that have used to + verb after a comma. Is there another reason to reject this? I am also not clear on whether this sentence can use the to + verb format here because I dont think it menas to show intention.

Option E reads - For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears

In case, the sentence is written to show intention then would option E be correct if the comma wasnt there? The sentence would read - For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Lastly, would we have 2 options present such as Option C and revised option E in the answer choices.

Thanks.
SC Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT - Pulling Quant and Verbal together
Joined: 04 Sep 2017
Posts: 240
Location: United States (OH)
Concentration: Technology, Leadership
GPA: 3.6
WE: Sales (Computer Software)
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2019, 09:37
1
kanikab ,

I am afraid you may be trying to get too technical with grammar rules.

Our structure is: Prepositional Phrase, Independent clause, underlined portion.

If you choose (C), you create a verb+ing modifier phrase that modifies "animal-hide shields." This makes logical sense.

If you choose (E), you create an infinitive verb phrase. I eliminated this answer choice due to the sentence construction.

I would say you're on the right track about if we did not use a comma in (E), but it still wouldn't be a very clean sentence.
_________________
Would I rather be feared or loved? Easy. Both. I want people to be afraid of how much they love me.

How to sort questions by Topic, Difficulty, and Source:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/search.php?view=search_tags
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1586
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Sep 2019, 00:34
kanikab

1) As I stated above, there are actually many possible uses of an adverbial modifier such as ", protecting." We're certainly not limited to the two options you mentioned. However, we actually could see this as the HOW case, in that this protection shows HOW the shield were essential.

2) It's hard to create any general rule like "no comma before an infinitive." Nevertheless, here the comma doesn't make sense. It's not clear what the infinitive would be meant to connect or what that would mean. Your adjusted version (no comma) makes the intent a bit clearer, but "essential to protect" still doesn't work.

Normally, we'd say that an item is essential FOR something. We can use "essential to" followed by a noun, but then the "to" doesn't form an infinitive--it's just a preposition. "To X" simply modifies the preceding noun. Finally, we can use the infinitive "to protect," but only with the placeholder expression "It is essential" beforehand. "It is essential to do X" means the same as "To do X is essential."

An intuitive grasp of scales is essential for playing lead guitar.
An intuitive grasp of scales is essential to the mastery of lead guitar. ("to the mastery" is a prepositional modifier)
To master lead guitar, it is essential to achieve an intuitive grasp of scales. ("to achieve" is an infinitive that fills in our subject. It is what is essential.)

Finally, if we did have two valid answers, we wouldn't have a proper SC question. The four wrong answers are wrong!
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
GMAT Club Bot
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2019, 00:34

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 41 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne