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# Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics,

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Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2009, 21:41
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53% (00:42) correct 47% (00:45) wrong based on 1195 sessions

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Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 04 Jun 2013, 08:22, edited 1 time in total.

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05 Sep 2009, 21:53
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mrsmarthi wrote:
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

A - The noun Textbook is a possessive noun, the opening modifier ends up modifying the chapter, not the book. OUT
B - The modifier should modify the book, not the chapter. Out.
C - starts out ok, but the 'which' ends up modifying 'genetics' . Out.
D - Same problem as A.
E - Correct.

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05 Sep 2009, 22:16
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads -
possesive noun

B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading -- onfuses that the book is on genetics
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads -- wrong use of which. it is modifying genetics
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads -- possesive noun
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

E -is the correct usage with text book and 'leading modifying the phrase'.

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06 Sep 2009, 09:02
OA is E.

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2013, 06:45
Why is E better than D can someone please explain! Thanks
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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2013, 08:31
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fozzzy wrote:
Why is E better than D can someone please explain! Thanks

Lets break down the sentence: it starts with a modifier
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics,
so what sould this modify? the chapter or the book itself? The intended meaning of the sentence is: there is a good book with a bad chapter.
This first part refers to the textbook itself: out A B and D.

C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

the main difference between the remaning options is "which leads" VS "leading".
"which" refers to the preceding noun, so C could be written as
(...) surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which (the genetic) leads (...)- this is clearly wrong.
The genetic cannot lead " one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area."
In E we find "leading", an example of COMMA + ING. This form express the results of the preceding clause most of the times, and that's what happens here:
(...) surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading one to doubt the author's scholarship (...)- correct

Main point:
D is wrong because the initial modifer refers to the textbook.Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the chapter/ the book
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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 16:26
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Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
Wrong. The usage of "which" is incorrect.

B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
Wrong. Change meaning, it's like the textbook on genetics, but the intended meaning is the chapter on genetics.

C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
Wrong. The usage of "which" is incorrect.

D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
Wrong. "is tentative" and "leads" are not parallel ==> This is cause and effect sentence, not parallel.

E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
Correct. "leading" modifies the previous clause.
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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2013, 19:48
mrsmarthi wrote:
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

You need to refer to the noun after the arm up. Among C,D and E, - leading is proper modifier that modifies the complete clause . Which can't be used. Hence E .

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2013, 08:45
I am not able to understand the phrase - "the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading".
I can understand that the modifier should modify textbook and in that respect E is correct but the second part of the phrase "the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading" and cannot understand how can the textbook be tentative .
This confused me and i hence i marked the incorrect answer.
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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2013, 10:41
Another difference to note between C and E, is that in C it is 'surprising and tentative' instead of surprisingly tentative. I wouldn't expect the fact that there is a chapter on genetics to be surprising at all.

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 08:52
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

Logically the opening modifier should modify textbook. A chapter usually presents one topic at a time.
A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
out
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
out
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
we have a modifier issue here. Which incorrectly modifies genetics
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
out
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
clear and neat
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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 06:13
I understand, from one of the sessions with Ron, that Which can be used to modify Noun immediately proceeding it OR the Noun + Prepositional Modifier,

In this case which can also refer to chapter. And since the meaning of the sentence is that the surprising chapter is the basis for the doubt, Why is C not correct?

Any Expert opinion will be very helpful!!!!!

gmat6nplus1 wrote:
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

Logically the opening modifier should modify textbook. A chapter usually presents one topic at a time.
A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
out
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
out
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
we have a modifier issue here. Which incorrectly modifies genetics
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
out
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
clear and neat

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 08:53
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics (modifier) – should modify textbook

Chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt
Its not the book or the chapter that leads one to doubt... But it’s the effect of the whole clause that leads one to doubt...
So use of verb-ing modifier is appropriate here. – Verb-ing modifier can be used to show the result of previous clause.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads - Incorrect. Misplaced modifier. Also which is incorrect here.
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading – Incorrect. Modifier should describe textbook.
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads - Incorrect. Meaning error. Chapter is not surprising and tentative. It is surprisingly tentative. Also which modifier chaper on genetics. As explained earlier, chapter does not lead one to doubt……it’s the tentativeness that leads one to doubt.
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leadsIncorrect. Meaning error.
The chapter is shown to have two properties. It is tentative and leads one to doubt... This is not the intended meaning.

E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading – Correct. Modifies textbook and shows result of first clause by use of verb-ing modifier

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 09:29
Great!!!!..

Thanks Shank!!

shank001 wrote:
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics (modifier) – should modify textbook

Chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt
Its not the book or the chapter that leads one to doubt... But it’s the effect of the whole clause that leads one to doubt...
So use of verb-ing modifier is appropriate here. – Verb-ing modifier can be used to show the result of previous clause.

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads - Incorrect. Misplaced modifier. Also which is incorrect here.
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading – Incorrect. Modifier should describe textbook.
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads - Incorrect. Meaning error. Chapter is not surprising and tentative. It is surprisingly tentative. Also which modifier chaper on genetics. As explained earlier, chapter does not lead one to doubt……it’s the tentativeness that leads one to doubt.
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leadsIncorrect. Meaning error.
The chapter is shown to have two properties. It is tentative and leads one to doubt... This is not the intended meaning.

E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading – Correct. Modifies textbook and shows result of first clause by use of verb-ing modifier

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Re: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, [#permalink]

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10 May 2015, 05:58
This one was just a piece of cake .....

the first sentence acts as a modifier and should modify the subject of the following clause --> A Book as a whole ... so eliminate A,B,D.
Eliminate (C) which can not modify the entire clause, but a preceding noun. We are left with choice E - CORRECT

A) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads
B) the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
C) the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads
D) the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads
E) the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
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SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2016, 21:05
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Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads

B. the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading

C. the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads

D. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads

E. the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading
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Re: SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2016, 02:25
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The ‘its’ refers to the textbook rather than the chapter on genetics since one can’t expect the chapter to be authoritative on other science topics. We may note that a possessive pronoun "its" can stand for a non–possessive noun (textbook) in GMAT.

A. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads --- the textbook's chapter is wrong modification

B. the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading --- same as in A.

C. the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads --- surprising and tentative chapter is wrong construction. Surprising does not convey the contrast required in the context.

D. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads --- the textbook’s chapter is wrong.

E. the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading ---- correct choice.
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Re: SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2016, 06:12
we have to choose between two meanings on sc. in some cases, one meaning is not logic clearly. in other cases, one meaning is not logic subtly. this case is hard for us.
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Re: SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2016, 14:21
souvik101990 wrote:
Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics, the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads one to doubt the author's scholarship in that particular area.

A. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads

B. the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading

C. the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads

D. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads

E. the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

Here is my approach
A. The use of "which" is wrong since "which" can't modify clause and in this case "which" can't modify "tenative", it makes no sense
B. Wrong. Change the meaning. It is chapter on genetics, not a book itself
C. The same as A
D Looks like chapter performs two action - being tentative and leading to doubt. Wrong
E.Correct
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Re: SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2016, 05:25
daagh wrote:
The ‘its’ refers to the textbook rather than the chapter on genetics since one can’t expect the chapter to be authoritative on other science topics. We may note that a possessive pronoun "its" can stand for a non–possessive noun (textbook) in GMAT.

A. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative, which leads --- the textbook's chapter is wrong modification

B. the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading --- same as in A.

C. the textbook contains a surprising and tentative chapter on genetics, which leads --- surprising and tentative chapter is wrong construction. Surprising does not convey the contrast required in the context.

D. the textbook's chapter on genetics is surprisingly tentative and leads --- the textbook’s chapter is wrong.

E. the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading ---- correct choice.

Hi daagh,

Was confused between B and E.

B. the chapter of the textbook on genetics is surprisingly tentative, leading
E. the textbook is surprisingly tentative in its chapter on genetics, leading

According to me the modifier "Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics" can also modify the chapter of textbook

Because a chapter can also give "authoritative coverage"
Is there any other error in option B..??

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Re: SC Revision: Given its authoritative coverage of other science topics   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2016, 05:25

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