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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt

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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 05:10
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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.


A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing.

D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence.

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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 05:25
B and D are contenders. Rest have incorrect structures.

Coming to D I really don't understand why should we need D. B conveys the meaning without the use of "has". Thus, I would go for B.

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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 05:28
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A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed. ---> Pronoun error. "Cats" is plural whereas "it" is singular. INCORRECT

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence. ---> We need to show continuity here by saying that since millions of years, there has been little change. The verb "has" is missing. The current sentence changes the meaning. INCORRECT

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing. ---> "was existing" ? The cat is still alive today per the meaning of the sentence. INCORRECT

D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence. ---> Everything looks fine. CORRECT

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence. ---> little cannot be the subject for the modifier "Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction". We need the noun "the cat" . INCORRECT

Answer is D
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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D for maintaining the subject-pronoun agreement and for using the correct verb-tense form of present perfect
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 07:17
Answer B would make more sense/be trickier if it's referring to a species that no longer exists.
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 07:39
H i daagh / experts,
B vs d .Both are grammatically correct.
But Can any one clearly explain why d can be appearing correct in the context.
How can we know if cat is still changing in present or not.

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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 07:54
tejyr wrote:
H i daagh / experts,
B vs d .Both are grammatically correct.
But Can any one clearly explain why d can be appearing correct in the context.
How can we know if cat is still changing in present or not.

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Hey,

you can read my explanation above over here

Adding to the above, the sentence mentions "in no danger of extinction" which means the cat is still alive today. Rather it is plenty in number. So we need to talk about something that is true in the past and also very much true today. Only the present perfect tense does that.

Hence option D
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 08:08
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Between B and D.

IMO, B is not correct both grammatically and semantically. We do need a present perfect tense verb to transmit the sense of an organism that is still in existence. That is the intention of this sentence. A simple past tense would mean that cats no longer live on this earth like the dinosaurs. Grammar's purpose is to bring out clarity and reality


Evolutionary changes are not that visible. Not just cat, but take other organisms on the earth including human beings; they all keep evolving silently. We only don't see them or feel those changes. No one can overrule Einstein in this matter who said" change is permanent on this earth"
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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Jun 2018, 08:30
Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.


A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.
Pronoun it is wrongly referring to plural antecedent Cats. INCORRECT

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence.
No verb for the subject cat , changed here is acting as a modifier ..meaning is distorted and it's no more a valid sentence INCORRECT

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing.
meaning is not as intended in the original sentence ...it means cats do not exist anymore . INCORRECT


D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

It corrects the error in the original sentence .CORRECT

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence.
Phrase modifier is modifying "Little" INCORRECT

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Originally posted by sumitkrocks on 05 Jun 2018, 08:26.
Last edited by sumitkrocks on 05 Jun 2018, 08:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 08:28
SonalSinha803 wrote:
B and D are contenders. Rest have incorrect structures.

Coming to D I really don't understand why should we need D. B conveys the meaning without the use of "has". Thus, I would go for B.

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Hi, SonalSinha803

The action "has changed little" started in the past and is still in effect, thus present perfect is requered.
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2018, 22:14
IMO the answer is D, only that brings out the correct meaning. The cats are still existing and they are still evolving, hence, the use present perfect.
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 00:42
Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.


A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed. incorrect due to mismatch of singular and plural noun

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence. incorrect due to usage of past tense

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing. incorrect

D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence. correct

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence. incorrect
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Re: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 04:16
Bunuel wrote:
Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.


A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing.

D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



Correct Answer: D

Explanation: This question features Pronoun, Verb Tense, and Modifier errors in various answer choices. Answer choice A uses the singular pronoun 'its' to refer to the plural 'cats', and is therefore incorrect. Answer choices B and C each contain Verb Form errors. Using past tense verbs to describe the cat, which is clearly an ongoing species. Accordingly, each is incorrect. Answer choice E is guilty of a Modifier error, as the introductory phrase 'Highly adaptiveÂ…' needs to modify the cat, and E incorrectly has it modify the word 'little'. Accordingly, answer choice D, which correctly modifies the cat, uses the proper verb tense 'has changed', and the correct pronoun 'its' to refer to 'cat', is correct.
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Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed litt  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 04:56
Bunuel wrote:
Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.


A. cats have changed little in the millions of years that it has existed.

B. the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

C. the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing.

D. the cat has changed little in the millions of years of its existence.

E. little has changed for the cat in the millions of years of its existence.

In A, it (singular) does not agree with cats (plural).
Eliminate A.

B: the cat changed little in the millions of years of its existence
Since changed expresses an action performed by the cat IN THE PAST, the implication is that the modifier for this verb -- in the millions of years of its existence -- also refers to the past.
As a result, B conveys that the cat NO LONGER EXISTS.
This meaning is nonsensical, given the vast number of cat videos on YouTube.
Eliminate B.

C: the cat has changed little in the millions of years it was existing
Here, it refers to the cat.
As a result, it was existing conveys that the cat no longer exists -- a nonsensical meaning, as discussed above.
Eliminate C.

E: Highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction, little has changed
Here, the phrase in red seems to refer to little -- the subject of the following clause -- implying that LITTLE is highly adaptive and in no danger of extinction.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate E.


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