GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Jun 2018, 08:07

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

5 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jul 2014
Posts: 42
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT ToolKit User
Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Feb 2015, 21:13
5
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:11) correct 22% (01:04) wrong based on 547 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones in their legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is they are able to sleep standing up.
a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is
b) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which to suspend their body weight, the muscles in their limbs being completely relaxed; as a result,
c) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed, the result is
d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that
e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result,
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Jan 2015
Posts: 15
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
Schools: Schulich Jan'19
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.11
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Feb 2015, 23:22
1. The verb serve has to be parallel to the verb have.
Eliminates option a.
2. The verb serve has to agree with the noun unique system.
Eliminates option b and c.
3. Option d has a very awkward construction.
Hence option e is the answer.

Posted from my mobile device
2 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1427
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Feb 2015, 03:27
2
1
a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is
Serving should be parallel to have, hence wrong. MOreover in which and with does not make sense together
b) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which to suspend their body weight, the muscles in their limbs being completely relaxed; as a result,
Should be serves as the system in singular
c) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed, the result is
Should be serves as the system in singular
d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that
in which and with does not make sense together
e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result,
Correct
_________________

ISB Preparation Kit | GMAT Debrief

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2011
Posts: 182
Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT Date: 10-16-2013
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Feb 2015, 10:46
1
pairakesh10 wrote:
Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones in their legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is they are able to sleep standing up.
a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is
b) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which to suspend their body weight, the muscles in their limbs being completely relaxed; as a result,
c) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed, the result is
d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that
e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result,


The original answer choice has a verb-ing after the comma. This means that it should modify the preceding clause. In the context of the sentence this is incorrect as serving cannot modify Horses - which is the subject of the first clause.

B and C are out because of the usage of serve.
We need serves as unique system (singular) needs - serves (singular)

out of D and E , E is the best as D again contains incorrect usage of which as well as incorrect usage of verb-ing
_________________

Kudos me if you like my post !!!!

Expert Post
Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4317
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Aug 2016, 17:14
Top Contributor
As an addendum, may I say that A is a run-on, which will be clear when you mask the back to back modifiers and D is a fragment without a verb for the subordinate clause started by ‘in which’. (in which effectively means ‘which’)
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Aug 2015
Posts: 4
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2017, 07:25
That refers to the immediately preceeding noun and "legs" is the immediately preceeding noun in this case. Then why the use of serves is correct????
Please clarify
Senior CR Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Long way to go!
Joined: 10 Oct 2016
Posts: 1388
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2017, 09:55
kparik86 wrote:
That refers to the immediately preceeding noun and "legs" is the immediately preceeding noun in this case. Then why the use of serves is correct????
Please clarify


Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones in their legs that ...

"that" doesn't refer to their legs but refer to "a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones". I think you are confused about "which"
_________________

Actual LSAT CR bank by Broall

How to solve quadratic equations - Factor quadratic equations
Factor table with sign: The useful tool to solve polynomial inequalities
Applying AM-GM inequality into finding extreme/absolute value

New Error Log with Timer

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 460
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2017, 14:31
Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones in their legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is they are able to sleep standing up.
a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is
b) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which to suspend their body weight, the muscles in their limbs being completely relaxed; as a result,
c) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed, the result is
d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that
e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result,

1.legs are not serving;the serving is wrongly modifying the legs.
2.B,C and D are incorrect meaning and illogical.
3.Option E is the correct answer.
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 939
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2017, 20:39
kparik86 wrote:
That refers to the immediately preceeding noun

Hi kparik86, that is not correct:).

Here is a significant flexibility that that has, in terms of what it modifies. For example, in the following official question:

Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

that is clearly modifying tool (and not private conversation).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the usage of that, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Dec 2015
Posts: 277
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
WE: Investment Banking (Venture Capital)
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2018, 14:44
Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones in their legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is they are able to sleep standing up.

a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is
- incorrect. "the result is they are able to sleep standing up" is completely awkward. i'd even say unidiomatic. should be: "AS A RESULT..."

b) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which to suspend their body weight, the muscles in their limbs being completely relaxed; as a result,
- "being" awkwardly placed in the middle of a sentence...out

c) legs that serve as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed, the result is
- "serve" should be "serves"...this is an issue present in "A" & "B" too. What "serves"? The SYSTEM (of interlocking ligaments). The system SERVES.

d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that
- "having the result" = awkward, definitely incorrect

e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result,
- correct

Not too bad of a question. If you see the "serve" vs. "serves" split quickly, you should have a 50/50 between "D" & "E" and between the 2, very easy to eliminate "D". If done well, should take no longer than a minute.
Expert Post
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
B
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 243
Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2018, 17:24
Hi pairakesh10,

Thank you for your question. Let's tackle this question one problem at a time. After looking over the possible answers, a few differences jumped out that we can address:

1. serve vs. serves
2. ending with semicolons vs. commas
3. comma placement in the rest of the answer

Let's start with #1: serve vs. serves. Since the verb is referring to the singular "a unique system," the verb needs to be the singular "serves." Therefore, let's rule out answers B & C because they use the plural "serve."

Next, let's look at #2 on the list: ending with a semicolon vs. a comma. We need to make sure whatever comes after the word "relaxed" is punctuated properly. If it's an independent clause, it needs a semicolon. If it's a dependent clause, it needs a comma or no punctuation. Let's see if they work:

a) legs, serving as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, the result is they are able to sleep standing up.

This is an independent clause, which means it could stand alone as its own sentence. Independent clauses need to be separated by semicolons - a comma isn't good enough and will create a comma splice. Therefore, this answer is INCORRECT because of faulty punctuation.

d) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which, with their body weight suspended and the muscles in their limbs completely relaxed, having the result that they are able to sleep standing up.

This answer is INCORRECT because it doesn't make sense how it's punctuated. By putting the phrase I crossed out above between commas, it is now a non-essential phrase. If we take it out, the rest of the sentence doesn't make sense. Therefore, the commas are in the wrong places for this to work, making it wrong.

e) legs that serves as a kind of sling in which their body weight is suspended while the muscles in their limbs are completely relaxed; as a result, they are able to sleep standing up.

This is the CORRECT answer because it uses a semicolon after "relaxed" to show that everything after it is part of an independent clause.

After looking at subject-verb agreement and punctuation, it's clear that E is the CORRECT answer!
_________________

"Students study. GMAT assassins train."
Image

★★★★★ GMAT Club Verified Reviews for EMPOWERgmat & Special Discount

GMAT Club Verbal Advantage EMPOWERgmat Critical Reasoning Question Pack

Re: Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2018, 17:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Horses have a unique system of interlocking ligaments and bones

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.