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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.


(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 46: Sentence Correction


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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,


Hurricanes

(A) Meaning

(B) CORRECT

(C) Sentence Structure

(D) Meaning

(E) Sentence Structure


First glance

The beginning of the sentence changes in nearly every answer choice, so keep an eye out for more global issues, such as Meaning, Sentence Structure, Modifiers, or Parallelism.

Issues

(1) Meaning: at first begin

You might not notice this on your first read; try comparing answers (A) and (B). They are substantially similar in meaning and structure, but answer (B) drops the verb begin. That might be your clue to examine whether the sentence needs that word.

To begin by doing a certain thing means to do that thing first. Using both at first and begin is redundant. Eliminate answer (A).

(2) Sentence Structure

While begins a subordinate clause: While I like cheese, I don’t care for pizza. This structure requires only a comma to connect the while clause with the main clause. Choice (C) offers this structure:

“While hurricanes travel (in a certain direction), and they then veer off…”

This choice is flawed in the same way as the sentence: While I like cheese, and I don’t care for pizza. A conjunction (such as and) is not an acceptable way to join a dependent clause to an independent clause. Eliminate answer (C).

Side note: in this problem, while means although. It can also mean at the same time as.

Now that you know that Sentence Structure might be an issue, check whether any other answers also mess up that core structure. Answer (E) does so:

“Hurricanes, (modifier), (modifier), they then veer off…”

The sentence repeats the subject. This would be the equivalent of saying: Larry he likes pizza. Eliminate answer (E).

(3) Meaning

In choice (D) the word because is attached to hurricanes travel from east to west. In most of the other choices, because goes with the direction of the prevailing winds. Is the change in location of that word okay?

Choice (D) states:

“Because hurricanes travel from east to west, they then veer off…”

This meaning is illogical. The hurricanes don’t veer off because they first travel from east to west. Rather, they first travel from east to west because that’s the same direction that the prevailing winds blow. Eliminate answer (D).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) fixes the redundancy in the original sentence by removing the verb begin. It conveys a logical meaning and has a legal core sentence structure: …hurricanes travel from east to west, but they then veer off
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:08
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This is cool, I really don't see a whole lot of disagreement on this one. I'm a little bit surprised, because I've seen a few students flail helplessly on it. :?

Quote:
(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but

This is the GMAT's attempt to cram as much redundancy into one answer choice as possible. "At first begin" is redundant. So is "that direction is the way." And why would we bother saying that the "winds in the tropics blow" in that direction? Of course the wind blows. So does this answer choice. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but

All of that unnecessary, useless phrasing in (A) is gone now. That's pleasant. So if you have a problem with (B), it's probably because of the word "that." But "that" is just a pronoun here, referring back to "east to west." And that seems completely fine, as we discussed in a recent Topic of the Week on "that". Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and

This isn't even a real sentence, because it has no independent clause. I'm also not crazy about the placement of the modifier "the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics" -- it should ideally be closer to "east to west." The "and" also seems like a worse choice than "but", since we're drawing a contrast between the east to west direction of the wind and its later changes of direction. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

The meaning is a hot mess here: it's saying that because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, they then veer off toward higher latitudes? That doesn't make any sense. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

"Hurricanes, ... they then veer off..." -- that's a diaper fire right there. If "hurricanes" is the subject, where is the verb? Plus, "this" is trying to operate as a pronoun here, and that's not OK -- "this" can only be an article, not a pronoun. Eliminate (E).

(B) is the winner.
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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2015, 23:38
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(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
"because that direction.." is modifying "Hurricanes at first begin travelling from east to west".
However, it is NOT that "Hurricanes at first begin travelling from east to west" which is the "direction".
"Direction" is simply "Hurricanes travelling from east to west". So the use of phrase "at first" is extra.


(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
"because that direction.." is correctly modifying what is this "direction" which is presented as"Hurricanes travel from east to west".

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
1) Again, "the direction" should modify only "...travel from east to west", "at first" is extra.
2) If you fit this option in the original sentence, it becomes "While hurricanes travel, and they veer off.., in many cases changing direction...,.." you will see there is no verb in this sentence.


(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
"because...,since" 2 subordinators in 1 sentence. Redundant.

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
1) "This" should be followed by noun, as per MGMAT SC book. Just saying "this is" is ok in colloquial not in GMAC Verbal.
2) Not all hurricanes travel from east to west. So the modifier "beginning by traveling from east to west" is incorrectly modifying "Hurricanes".
3) 1st part of the sentence which has the subject "Hurricanes" does not have a verb at all.

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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

Meaning : At first, hurricanes blow east to west because that is direction of prevailing winds. But they then veer off toward higher latitudes and other things.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
Two issues:
1) "begin travelling" is wordy as we can replace with "travel". We need a simple present to make it parallel with "veer off" -> another simple present verb.
2) "is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow" -> is too wordy and can be easily replaced by construction in option B)


(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
Clear and concise -> Correct

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
while is a contrast word and we have conjunction "and" so it feels that contrast is still continuing.
For example -> While I was standing and sweating outside, others were seating in the AC.
But after "and" we need the contrasted part and that is the reason usage of " and " is incorrect


(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
Since is the reason why hurricanes at first travel from east to west -> this is correct.
Similarly, Because should provide the reason why "they then veer off" -> meaning is illogical


(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
beginning -> is a verb+ing modifier modifying "Hurricanes" which is correct. So we can remove the "modifier".
If we remove the modifier the sentence becomes
"Hurricanes, because X" -> this doesn't make sense.
because -> cannot modify a noun. It has to modify a clause.

For example I went to market because my supplies were out. ->Here because is modifying the clause "I went to market".

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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2015, 10:15
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Hi, I hope this video helps. This question is tricky, but if you take advantage of the rule "skip over the appositives and see if it makes sense," then it becomes easier to handle.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMq1qD3 ... t-&index=4
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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

Vertical scan reveals that Option A and B have 'but'
C has 'and'
The sentence, (Hurricanes travels from east to west.................they then veer off......), needs a contrast
Therefore C, D and E are out

Option A 'first begin' is redundant..Out

Therefore, Option B is the correct answer
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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 17:51
Hi Experts,
Though I got correct OA, it seems my approach wasn't correct.
My query is regarding - traveling - in Option A and usage of - that - in option B
I discarded A at first glance thinking traveling in written in continuous tense, whereas
meaning wise this sentence shows a fact whixh needs to be communicated in
present tense. On closer look, it seems traveling seems to modify the verb in present tense - begin
Is my interpretation correct?
Is this version of A correct?
Hurricanes begin to travel from east to west, because that direction is the
way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, bu
t they then veer off toward higher
latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over
the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

Here, is to travel a verb or modifier?

Furthermore, - that- refers to travel in option B. It jumps over both nouns - east / west Am I correct?
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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 19:20
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To make life simple, before we embark on solving this question, just dump C and E for being blatant fragments. We can also drop D for using two back-to-back subordinate clauses with just a main clause. In addition, the use of 'because' and 'since' in the same sentence is awkward.
A prickly observation giving a serious doubt whether GMAT is oblivious of this norm is that in A and B which are complex sentences, the comma shouldn't have been used when the subordinate clause follows the main clause.
Notwithstanding the punctuation error, we may drop A for using the redundant 'direction' and 'the way' together as afterall a direction is actually a way.
B is perhaps the choice by POE.
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Re: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that di  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 13:40
adkikani, you're right that "traveling" modifies the present tense verb "begin" in A. There's nothing grammatically wrong with that. The problems with A are elsewhere: the redundancy of "at first begin" and the confusing phrase "that direction is the way."

As for "that" in B, it has to modify a noun, and "travel" is serving as a verb. It's directly modifying "east to west": east to west is the direction of the winds.
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 11:19
souvik101990 wrote:
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics
Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.
Let's remove the easily visible errors.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but -- at first begin and direction and way are redundant.

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but----can't find anything wrong.

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and --- This is a fragment since the subordinate clause doesn't have a main clause.

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, --- Two subordinate clauses not connected by proper conjugation but depending upon one main clause is a fragment.

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,--- 'Hurricanes' in the underlined part and 'they' in the non-underlined part turn the sentence as a double subject -single verb one
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Originally posted by daagh on 04 Jul 2017, 05:45.
Last edited by daagh on 04 Jul 2017, 09:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 10:15
Abhishek009 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics
Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...


in choice B, "that is" is correct or not. "that " can refer to a noun only if "that " is relative pronoun. pls, explain this point
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2018, 10:06
thangvietnam wrote:
Abhishek009 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics
Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...


in choice B, "that is" is correct or not. "that " can refer to a noun only if "that " is relative pronoun. pls, explain this point

All constructions contained in an OA are, by definition, correct!

In this case, "that" is serving as a pronoun referring to "east to west," as discussed in this explanation. The easiest way to test whether a given pronoun properly connects to the referent in question is to substitute the referent for the pronoun and see if the sentence is logical. Here, "that is the direction of the prevailing winds" becomes "east to west is the direction of the prevailing winds." Sounds logical to me!

And if you want a more thorough treatment, check out this article for a full rundown on the various ways in which "that" might show up on the GMAT.
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west &nbs [#permalink] 03 Aug 2018, 10:06
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