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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west

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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:03
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 46: Sentence Correction


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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:08
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This is cool, I really don't see a whole lot of disagreement on this one. I'm a little bit surprised, because I've seen a few students flail helplessly on it. :?

Quote:
(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but

This is the GMAT's attempt to cram as much redundancy into one answer choice as possible. "At first begin" is redundant. So is "that direction is the way." And why would we bother saying that the "winds in the tropics blow" in that direction? Of course the wind blows. So does this answer choice. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but

All of that unnecessary, useless phrasing in (A) is gone now. That's pleasant. So if you have a problem with (B), it's probably because of the word "that." But "that" is just a pronoun here, referring back to "east to west." And that seems completely fine, as we discussed in a recent Topic of the Week on "that". Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and

This isn't even a real sentence, because it has no independent clause. I'm also not crazy about the placement of the modifier "the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics" -- it should ideally be closer to "east to west." The "and" also seems like a worse choice than "but", since we're drawing a contrast between the east to west direction of the wind and its later changes of direction. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

The meaning is a hot mess here: it's saying that because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, they then veer off toward higher latitudes? That doesn't make any sense. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

"Hurricanes, ... they then veer off..." -- that's a diaper fire right there. If "hurricanes" is the subject, where is the verb? Plus, "this" is trying to operate as a pronoun here, and that's not OK -- "this" can only be an article, not a pronoun. Eliminate (E).

(B) is the winner.
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 10:51
I choose B.
A. "First begin..." seems redundent.
B. Seems correct.
C.Run-on sentence. The first part is a dependent clause but then we have "and", do there should be 2 independent clsuses.
D. This is logical: Because hurricanes... they then...
E. Hurricanes... they then....
Not a sentence, since there are 2 subjects.

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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 11:19
souvik101990 wrote:
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics
Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 19:15
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but
Use of "DIRECTION IS THE WAY" is illogical and Redundant. Hence Incorrect.
(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but
Correct
(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
Use of AND with WHILE is incorrect. Hence Incorrect
(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
Use of BECAUSE changes the original intent. It now conveys that
"Winds veer off toward higher latitude BECAUSE winds blow from East to West"
Hence Incorrect
(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
FRAGMENT. Hence Incorrect
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 01:06
Hurricanes at first begin travelling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

1) The placement of ' at first' will make more sense in the beginning of the sentence as it will show the flow of the sentence. i.e. at first.......and then something.......
2) The tense after 'but' is simple present tense which is used for facts or information that is true always.
'But' is a parallelism marker. So the starting of this sentence must also use present tense.
3) Hurricanes is the subject and comes at the beginning of the clause and thus 'they' after 'but' clearly refers to hurricanes.


(A) Hurricanes at first begin travelling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but

Incorrect as stated above.

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but

Correct (reasons stated above)

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and
This sentence distorts the meaning and plays with the modifiers. The modifiers have been awfully placed here and thus we really don't understand what exactly it conveys.

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,
Because and since are redundant. Say one thing !!
No 'but' thus contrast gone which changes the meaning.

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by travelling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,

Again no 'but'. We need 'but' here because the original sentence presents a contrast.
No verb for the main subject 'hurricanes'. That's bad !!

So it's B.
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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Jul 2017, 09:25
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Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.
Let's remove the easily visible errors.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but -- at first begin and direction and way are redundant.

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but----can't find anything wrong.

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and --- This is a fragment since the subordinate clause doesn't have a main clause.

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, --- Two subordinate clauses not connected by proper conjugation but depending upon one main clause is a fragment.

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,--- 'Hurricanes' in the underlined part and 'they' in the non-underlined part turn the sentence as a double subject -single verb one
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Originally posted by daagh on 04 Jul 2017, 05:45.
Last edited by daagh on 04 Jul 2017, 09:25, edited 1 time in total.
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QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 06:41
Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but they then veer off toward higher latitudes, in many cases changing direction toward the east before dissipating over the colder, more northerly waters or over land.

(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but - Wrong- Because of the use of FIRST and BEGIN ( redundant sentence). ( IMO there is no other mistake)

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but - Correct

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and- Wrong- Subordinate clause does not require a conjunction to join 2 clauses. ( USE OF AND IS WRONG)

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,- Wrong- Though it correct the grammatical mistake of option C, it fails to make any sense. In easy words the sentence meaning is- Because hurircanes travel east to west, they wear off to higher altitude. THERE IS NO CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP in actual sentence

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics,- Wrong "Hurricanes" word is followed by modifier and then "THEY". hence the first clause has no verb, or you can say that there is an extra subject ( THEY). Remove HURRICANES from front of the sentence and replace THEY with hurricanes to correct the sentence.
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 04:59
A - begin at first - redundant
B - CORRECT choice
C - Incorrect usage of 'and' conjunction
D - No causal relationship
E - 'Hurricanes' usage is followed by they then veer off..
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 23:52
(A) Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west, because that direction is the way the prevailing winds in the tropics blow, but -
Many redundant words. We can eliminate this choice.

(B) At first, hurricanes travel from east to west, because that is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, but - Correct

(C) While hurricanes travel from east to west at first, the direction of the prevailing winds blowing in the tropics, and - This sentence uses AND and WHILE - Incorrect

(D) Because hurricanes at first travel from east to west, since it is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics, - "Because" changes the meaning of the sentence - Incorrect

(E) Hurricanes, beginning by traveling from east to west, because this is the direction of the prevailing winds in the tropics - No verb for the subject in the sentence - Incorrect

Ans: B
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2018, 13:51
Hi everybody, in B (the correct answer) could you please explain to me why 'they' can not refer to 'prevailing winds'? Logically (in my mind) both hurricanes and winds can 'veer off'. Thanks in advance :)
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Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 06:20
svanbergh13 wrote:
Hi everybody, in B (the correct answer) could you please explain to me why 'they' can not refer to 'prevailing winds'? Logically (in my mind) both hurricanes and winds can 'veer off'. Thanks in advance :)


Hi Svanbergh,
Although logically they can refer to both 'Hurricanes' and 'prevailing winds', gramatically, within this context, they must refer to hurricanes. This is due to parallelism, since they has been used as a subject in the sencond clause, it makes more sense for it to refer to the subject(and not the object) of the prceding clause.

Hope this helps.
Re: QOTD: Hurricanes at first begin traveling from east to west   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2018, 06:20
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